Essay about Affirmative Action and Higher Education Admissions

Essay about Affirmative Action and Higher Education Admissions

Length: 1665 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Known as one of the biggest obstacles in higher education to date would arguably be the use of affirmative action within the higher education admission process for both private and public institutions (Kaplin & Lee, 2014; Wang & Shulruf, 2012). The focus of current research is an attempt to either justify or deny the use of affirmative action within current practices through various higher education institutions, and though any one person could potentially be swayed to side with the rationale to maintain its use or disregard, the facts are quite clear that the future of this practice is unclear. Therefore, this essay will present current research in an attempt to determine if affirmative action should continue to be used within college admission decisions.
What is Affirmative Action?
Signed in an executive order by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity was created to ensure that hiring and employment practices are free of racial bias. Three years later, President Lyndon Johnson presented the Civil Rights Act in 1964 prohibiting discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin (Wang & Shulruf, 2012). Later that same year, President Johnson gave a commencement speech attempting to give an ethical response to the losses both materially and mentally to the African-Americans in slavery in the United States (Chace, 2011). Within the later years of the 1960s, higher education institution administrators, in an effort to boost under-represented groups of minorities, introduced the affirmative action concept into the admissions processes (Wang & Shulruf, 2012).
What has been the effect of these monumental milestones for minorities and under-repre...

... middle of paper ...

...& Hart, M. (2013). Considering class: College access and diversity. Harvard Law & Policy Review, 7(2), 367–403.

Hinrichs, P. (n.d.). The effects of affirmative action bans on college enrollment, educational attainment, and the demographic composition of universities. Review of Economics & Statistics, 94(3), 712–722.

Howell, J. (2010). Assessing the impact of eliminating affirmative action in higher education. Journal of Labor Economics, 28(1), 113–166.

Kaplin, W., & Lee, B. (2014). The law of higher education. 5th ed. San Francisco, CA. Jossey-Bass.

Tanabe, C. (2009). From the courtroom to the voting booth: Defending affirmative action in higher education. Philosophy of Education Yearbook, 291–300.

Wang, G., & Shulruf, B. (2012). Admission model and equity in higher education. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 22(1), 111–117. doi:10.1007/s40299-012-0002-8

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Affirmative Action: Giving Preferential Admissions to Minority Students

- Should universities eliminate affirmative action polices that give preferential treatment in admissions to minority status. “Anyone interested in higher education should want to contemplate, on behalf of colleges and universities, students and faculty, alumni and paying parents, the fate of affirmative action(Chace, M William 20). The Oxford Dictionary states Affirmative Action is “an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.” In 1961, John F....   [tags: Affirmative Action in Higher Education ]

Powerful Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Against Affirmative Action in College Admissions

- Affirmative Action Affirmative action's role in colleges and universities has been a strongly debated topic. The heated subject has again come to the forefront due to the recent bans imposed on affirmative action by California and Washington. In 1978, the Supreme Court ruled (University of California Regents v. Bakke) that universities are allowed to consider race as a factor when choosing which students to accept. Affirmative action was intended to level the racial playing field and give minorities chances in the workplace and the classroom that they would not have received in the absence of affirmative action....   [tags: University Admissions Education essays papers]

Powerful Essays
1584 words (4.5 pages)

Affirmative Action: Controversy within Higher Education Essay

- “I have a dream,” Dr. Martin Luther King uttered, “that one day…” Every child in America learns about this dream in school. We reminisce about his dream each year as we celebrate his life and legacy, and yet the great question is how do we fulfill this dream. Because upholding segregation is against the law, some argue that we have already achieved an equal “level playing field.” That was not Dr. King’s view; he understood and tried to teach us about the lasting scars of race in this society. The story of African-Americans started with two hundred and fifty years of slavery, followed by a hundred years of legal apartheid—a separate and unequal “public accommodations.” July 2014 will mark the...   [tags: civil rights, admissions, minorities]

Powerful Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The Negative Consequences of Affirmative Action

- The Negative Consequences of Affirmative Action For the past thirty years, affirmative action has been an integral part of the admissions policy at the University of California. However, successful challenges in the U. S. Court system have recently scrutinized the morality and legality of affirmative action practices. As a result, many institutions of higher learning are revising their present policies. One such change was recently initiated at the University of California when the Board of Regents voted to abolish the use of affirmative action in their admissions policy....   [tags: Racism Admissions Education Essays]

Powerful Essays
1636 words (4.7 pages)

Education and Affirmative Action Essay

- What does equality mean. For many centuries, America has had a difficult time answering that question. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, African Americans were not equal: white Americans would call them their property, put them into iron shackles, and would mercilessly beat them. From the seventeen to the nineteen hundreds and a lot longer before then, women were forbidden to vote; instead, women were expected to act as homemakers or work long hours within small factories in filthy conditions....   [tags: Education]

Powerful Essays
1073 words (3.1 pages)

Affermative Action Essay

- Affirmative Action Affirmative Action efforts were started in 1964 to end the long history of overlooking qualified people of color and women from higher education. Affirmative Action sets standards for a business or office of admissions, so that a white man does not have the upper-hand over an equally or greater educated minority. The initial way the government tried to justify Affirmative Action was to develop a human resource approach: first identifying the problem, which is racism then establishing the solution (Phillips 67)....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Powerful Essays
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a deliberate effort to provide full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas for women, minorities, and individuals belonging to other traditionally disadvantaged groups. As an issue of today's society, affirmative action requires corporations, universities and other organizations to establish programs designed to ensure that all applicants are treated fairly. It also places a burden of proof on the providers of opportunities; to some degree, the providers must be able to demonstrate that their granting of opportunities to white males is not discriminatory....   [tags: Affirmative Action]

Powerful Essays
1138 words (3.3 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Though Affirmative Action is a current controversial issue, it is far from new; its decree has been long in the making. Perhaps it originates from amendments 13-15, the series of amendments that outlawed slavery, guaranteed equal protection under the law, and forbid racial discrimination when voting, respectively (Sykes 1). The Supreme Court’s decision in 1896, in the case of Plessy V. Ferguson, mandated separate but equal treatment for African Americans (Sykes 1). However, in 1954, the Supreme Court’s decision from Brown v....   [tags: Government Affirmative Action Essays]

Powerful Essays
3550 words (10.1 pages)

Essay about Affirmative Action

- In 1997, three students were denied admission into the University of Michigan. Each of them, in turn, sued the school, charging them with discrimination. In one of the cases, a student was denied admission into Michigan’s law school. Chicago Sun-Times writers Dave Newbart and Kate Grossman reported that last Monday, June 23, 2003, in a 5-4 majority ruling, swing vote Justice Sandra Day O’Connor judged for the school maintaining their right to consider the race of their applicants. In a second decision, the court ruled that they supported the University’s use of race in their admissions policy, but use of a point system was unconstitutional under the fourteenth amendment (Equal Protection Cl...   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Free Essays
1066 words (3 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Should a man be hired for his skills or for the color of his skin. Is racial diversity in the business world more important then the most qualified workers. Affirmative action has become an important topic in today’s society to better diversify the different races in America. Affirmative action is a set of public policies that were designed for the elimination of discrimination toward race, color, sex, etc. These policies are under attack today because of the unfairness toward the more qualified people....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Powerful Essays
704 words (2 pages)