ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY IN FOOTBALL PLAYER
Palastanga (2006). Anterior cruciate ligament as two bands, anteromedial attaches anterioriorly on intercondylar eminence of medial plateau of tibia.posterolateral attach on medial aspect of lateral condyle of femur; intermediately twisted. Vascular supply is middle genicular artery.
Ekbolm (1994). In foot ball, while side cutting, players perform hip extension and abduction , knee flexion and plantar flexion, the main muscles acting is gluteus maximums for hip extension, abductor magnus, longus for abducting the hip, hamstring as knee flexors ,triceps surae and tibialis posterior as planar flexors. In kicking the ball, movement is knee flexion to knee extension and plantar flexion to dorsiflexion, movement initialised by hamstring knee flexors, and then by quadriceps for knee extension, plantar flexors and dorsiflexors.I
Bruckner(2007) In landing, the movement is hip and knee flexion, plantar flexion; the muscles acting are illiopsoas, rectus femoris, sartorious act for hip flexion, hamstrings as knee flexors, gastronemius and tibialis posterior as plantar flexors.
Cynthia Norkin (2005). In side cutting and landing, medial and lateral collateral ligament act to prevent valgus/varus stress, in contact injury this ligament resists the blow on medial or lateral aspect of knee. Meniscus, act as a shock absorber of knee.
MECHANISM OF ACL INJURY:
EllenBecker (2000).ACL injury occurs by contact or non-contact mechanism and overuse. Injury common in non-contact, while side cutting and landing in football. The Severity of the injury de...
... middle of paper ...
Mc Lean et all (2005) Association Between Lower Extremity Posture at Contact and Peak Knee Valgus Moment During Sidestepping: Implication For ACL Injury.Clinical Biomech.v.20 (8); pp (863-70)
Sieroh,A.et all(2007).CryoRehabilitation-The Role of Cryotherapy in Modern Rehabilitation .Fizjoterapia.v.15(2);pp(3-8)
Tarek Souryal et all (2009). Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Taxes Southern Medical Center.
Palastanga N, Field D, Soames R (2006) Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function (4th edition).Butterworth Heinemann.
Prentice E (2006) Arnheims principles of athletic training: competency –based approach. (12th edition).Mc Graw –Hill. New York.
Wojtys et all (1998) Association Between The Menstrual Cycles and Anterior Cruciate
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In regards to an anterior cruciate ligament injury there are many common playing situations that could potentially lead to a noncontact ACL injury. These common playing situations include a change of direction or cutting maneuvers combined with deceleration, landing from a jump in or near full extension, and pivoting with the knee in or near full extension while the foot is planted on the ground.5 One of the most common noncontact ACL injury mechanisms include a deceleration task with high knee internal extension combined with a dynamic valgus rotation while the body weight is shifted over the injured leg with the plantar surface of the foot fixed to the playing field.... [tags: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Flexion]
2135 words (6.1 pages)
- ... (2007) compared high risk versus low risk high school female athletes while they participated in a neuromuscular training program over a 7-week period. Athletes were classified as high risk or low risk based on a logistic regression analysis. This showed that using external knee abduction signified maximal sensitivity and specificity for predicting ACL injury. Logistic regression analysis is a method in statistics that analyzes data where more than one independent variable is used to determine the outcome.... [tags: Anterior cruciate ligament, Knee]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- Imagine watching someone playing the most important basketball game of the year. She goes up for the jump and comes down to plant her foot and POP. The knee gives out and the player is walked off the court. The trainer does some quick tests and he decides that her ACL is more than likely torn. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament, or commonly known as the ACL, is one of four ligaments that serve as main stabilizers of the knee. It is located between the bottom of the femur, or thigh bone, and attaches to the top of the tibia, or shin (Ireland).... [tags: ACL, knee, athletes, tear, injury, prevention]
1955 words (5.6 pages)
- ... The point of reconstructing/repairing an ACL tear is for the patient to return back to their lives with little to no pain and nearly if not all mobility (Battaglia 11). People that only continue through the rehab have a much longer recovery period. With non-surgical care it takes up to a year to regain full movement and ease of pain, versus with the surgery patients can be running in three months and back into contact sports at six. Often times these ACL tears are from a sort of sport. Whether it be badminton or football, athletes are able to return back to it and pursue their careers with the reconstruction surgery.... [tags: Anterior cruciate ligament, Knee]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- ... A majority of ACL tears however are not caused by athletics, they can occur by simply taking a bad step and happen at all ages (Shalvoy 2014). Age is one of several factors which predict how successful ACL reconstruction will be. The long term success of ACL reconstruction on a patient is based on several mitigating factors including the age and gender of the patient, where the new ACL comes from, if other ligaments are also torn, how many times the ACL has been torn, how much physical rehabilitation is needed, and even then many Orthopedists find it difficult to predict levels of success.... [tags: Anterior cruciate ligament, Knee, Ligament]
1054 words (3 pages)
- ... Babawah & Robers (110) stated that the AC joint sits between part of the shoulder blade and collar bone. Damage is usually to one or both of the ligaments. Several techniques for treating an AC joint separation with surgery exist. Most of them involve reconstructing the ligaments. Pins or plates may be used to improve stability. After surgery, the patient will need to wear a sling for about four weeks. Six to eight weeks of physical therapy may also be needed to regain full motion. People who enjoy activities that involve shoulder strength or speed may not be able to do these things for up to six months.... [tags: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Humerus]
1936 words (5.5 pages)
- ... Type 3: A Type 3 tear is a 'bucket-handle ' tear of the labrum, where the torn labrum hangs into the joint and causes symptoms of 'locking ' and 'popping ' or 'clunking '. Treatment usually involves removal of the 'bucket-handle ' segment and then repair of any remaining detached, unstable labrum. This is done arthroscopically using suture anchors. Type 4: The Type 4 SLAP tear is one where the tear of the labrum extends into the long head of biceps tendon. Treatment is reattachment of the labrum and repair of the biceps tear, or a biceps tenodesis.... [tags: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament]
1061 words (3 pages)
- Torn PCL Repair We live in a world that is not one hundred percent safe. People come into contact with struggles that really test their body limits. Then the reality is they become injured. Some injuries are worse than others. The most common injuries come from athletes. When you come across the recovery phase you must hit the road of rehabilitation. There are many types of therapy to help heal our bodies. We will focus on the use of Kinesiotherapy and the specific treatments used to heal a torn PCL.... [tags: kinesiotherapy, knees, athlete]
829 words (2.4 pages)
- How And Why Are ACL Injuries More Common in Females Than Males. The most common knee injury in sports is damage to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) through tears or sprains. “They occur in high demand sports that involve planting and cutting, jumping with a poor landing, and stopping immediately or changing directions” (University of Colorado Hospital). The ACL is a ligament that runs diagonally in the middle of the knee and found at the front of the patellar bone. Its function involves controlling the back and forth motion of the knee, preventing the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur, and providing rational stability to the knee.... [tags: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Joint]
1024 words (2.9 pages)
- ... It has been demonstrated that wearing ankle braces is effective in reducing ankle sprains. It was found that 73% of athletes who had previously sprained their ankle had a recurrence and that 59% of them had significant residual symptoms and functional disability which is often referred to as chronic ankle instability (CAI). There was a study done to examine the effects of ankle braces during dynamic movements such as drop landing activities between subjects with CAI compared to healthy subjects.... [tags: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Joint, Injuries]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- Hip Rotation Range of Motion in People with and Without Low Back Pain Who Participate in Rotation-Related Sports
- Schizophrenia and Disorder of Lifespan Development
- How is the extinguishing of the Jewish and Native American races similar?
- Health of the Female Population Endangered by Media
- Ambiguity in J. D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, Sylvia Plath’s The Ball Jar, and Richard Heller’s Catch 22
- The Nameless Governess in The Turn of the Screw: Hero or Villain?