The Difference Between Physician Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Essay

The Difference Between Physician Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Essay

Length: 877 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

British philosopher Stephen Toulmin adds six terms to Aristotle’s shaping of an
argument. The six terms are the claim, grounds, warrants, backing, qualifiers and the
rebuttals. Toulmin proclaims that these six terms can be used to analyze arguments and
can also be applied within any argument. Emanuel LL, CF von Gunten, and FD Farris
are all authors of “EPEC Participant’s Handbook” they make use of all six of Toulmin’s
terms in this controversial article.
The authors define the difference between physician assisted suicide and
euthanasia. This source contains different viewpoints, written by various
authors that contain information about both sides of the issue. They explain the certain
factors to why patients may ask for assistance in their suicide. Their goal in the
article, is to explain to the physician’s about the certain steps and protocols that are
needed when responding to patient suicide requests or assisting in their suicide.
Claim or thesis is what you are seeking to prove and what the argument is about.
There are three types of different claims, which are fact, value and policy. The claim of
fact argues about history or the future. Claims of value, argues about judgments, such
as, good or bad, wrong or right. The policy claim, argues about what should or should
not have happened. This article is a claim of value, because we are dealing with a right
or wrong issue. The authors claim is physician assisted suicide should be legalized.
Data is the second component in Toulmin’s argument model. Data includes the
evidence, facts and is often the reasons and logic that support the claim. There are a lot
of facts used in this article to support the claim for legalization of assisted su...


... middle of paper ...


...s do have an obligation to help suffering patients. The

backing stands behind the warrant, the US government agrees that the American

people deserve to have the rights to quality palliative care. The rebuttal or challenges

the article faces is depressed patients are more likely to ask for assistance in their

death, even though they might not have life threatening medical problems. The qualifier in

this article, has precise limitations on what is similar and what is different about

physician assisted suicide and euthanasia.




Works Cited

Emanuel,LL, CF von Gunten, and FD Farris. "EPEC assisted suicide." Department
end of life. Northwestern University. Institute for Ethics at the American Medical
Association, 1999. Web. 02 June 2011.
http://endoflife.northwestern.edu/physician_assisted_suicide_debate/module5.pdf

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

- Assisted Suicide is a very controversial subject among all over the world. Euthanasia and physician assisted suicide are mostly described interchangeably, however there is a distinct difference among the two (Ho 2013). In euthanasia, a patient asks for aid in dying and the physician physically inserts the prescribed barbiturate him or herself. In physician assisted suicide, the patient asks for aid in dying and the physician prescribes a fatal barbiturate, which the patient takes him or herself with consent and control over their own life....   [tags: Death, Suicide, Euthanasia, Physician]

Better Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Euthanasia and Doctor-Assisted Suicide

- Understanding Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide   This paper will address some of the more popular points of interest involved with the euthanasia-assisted suicide discussion. There are less than a dozen questions which would come to mind in the case of the average individual who has a mild interest in this debate, and the following essay presents information which would satisfy that individual's curiosity on these points of common interest.   Euthanasia and assisted suicide are legal in the state of Oregon and in the country of the Netherlands; these are the only two jurisdictions in the world where laws specifically permit euthanasia or assisted suicide....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Better Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about It's Time to Regulate and Reform Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

- It's Time to Regulate and Reform Euthanasia One of the landmark cases that involve euthanasia is that of Karen Ann Quinlan. Quinlan, a twenty-one year old New Jersey resident, overdosed on pills and alcohol in 1975. She was rushed to the hospital where her physical condition gradually deteriorated to a vegetative state. The doctors determined she had no chance of recovery. Before the coma Karen said that if anything ever happened that would leave her physically and mentally incompetent, without any chance of recovery, she would not want to be kept alive by "extraordinary medical procedures," notes Derek Humphry....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Free Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

- Euthanasia and Assisted Physician Suicide The option of euthanasia and physician assisted suicide (PAS) for terminally ill patients has risen since many stories of people all around the world have been shown in the media. Countries like Belgium and Colombia have legalized euthanasia but the United States has not. The only states in the US that have legalized physician assisted suicide are, Vermont, Oregon, Washington and Montana. This paper will discuss what euthanasia and physician assisted suicide is, the pros and cons on the topic, how nurses feel about the top and how they can educate and advocate for their patient during this important decision....   [tags: Death, Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Homicide]

Better Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

- ... According to CNN, “ the care of a single individual at the end of their life costing an estimated $39,000. For 40 percent of households, the bill exceeds their financial assets” (Morris). When looking at end of life care from a realistic standpoint it is outrageously expensive. Objectively, end of life care tends to make no economic sense as a person’s life is only extended for a month or two more. Yet, they are subject to excruciating pain and at some point they begin to question if it is even worth it....   [tags: Death, Euthanasia, Suffering, Terminal illness]

Better Essays
2211 words (6.3 pages)

Essay about Euthanasia, Passive And Assisted Suicide

- ... Within the debate of whether or not the act of euthanasia should be legal there are arguments that are put into play, one of the biggest being that individuals have the right to make their own choices. No one knows what you are feeling or what you are going through better than yourself and people need to take that concept into consideration. The debate of euthanasia is not only talked about among society but is also seen in the medical field with euthanasia being illegal it presents many conflicts within this field....   [tags: Death, Euthanasia, Suicide, Illness]

Better Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

Physician Assisted Suicide Is Justified Essay

- Physician assisted suicide (PAS) is defined as the voluntary decision to end one’s life by administering lethal substances with the assistance of a physician (http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=32841). It is frequently confused with euthanasia, however these terms are not equal. Euthanasia, contrastingly, is the deliberate act undertaken by one person with the intention of ending the life of another person in order to relieve their suffering (Boudreau & Somerville, 2014). This can be active, such as the administration of a substance in order to achieve the goal, or it can be passive, which is achieved by withholding or withdrawing from treatment....   [tags: Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Suicide, Death]

Better Essays
2299 words (6.6 pages)

Essay on Physician-Assisted Suicide is Morally and Ethically Acceptable

-     The long time debate over medically assisted suicide, the presence of a doctor at a patient’s suicide, resurfaced again with the conviction of doctor Jack Kevorkian.  Kevorkian was convicted of second degree murder when he euthanized, or administered the injection himself, Thomas Youk on September 17, 1998.  Dr. Kevorkian, an advocate and practitioner of medically assisted suicides, has many opponents on the issue. Opponents say that it is unethical and even with the consent of the patient that the procedure is still a homicide and not suicide.  I plan to show that physician-assisted suicide is morally and ethically acceptable, that court cases and laws have proven it to be acceptable,...   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Better Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Euthanasia Essay: Assisted Suicide

- Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide     In her paper entitled "Euthanasia," Phillipa Foot notes that euthanasia should be thought of as "inducing or otherwise opting for death for the sake of the one who is to die" (MI, 8). In Moral Matters, Jan Narveson argues, successfully I think, that given moral grounds for suicide, voluntary euthanasia is morally acceptable (at least, in principle). Daniel Callahan, on the other hand, in his "When Self-Determination Runs Amok," counters that the traditional pro-(active) euthanasia arguments concerning self-determination, the distinction between killing and allowing to die, and the skepticism about harmful consequences for society, are flawed....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Better Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

Free Essay on Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia - Playing God

- Playing God: A Role That Shouldn't Be Cast All humans will die. Approximately 2,155,000 people from the United States will die in one year. In the United States, during the year of 1989, 34% of all deaths were caused by heart disease, 23% caused by cancer, 6% by strokes, and 2.2% by accidents involving motor vehicles. In that same year, 5.5% of the deaths were caused by medical negligence and suicide (Leading causes). This does not take into consideration the number of people who were killed by assisted suicide and euthanasia....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]

Free Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)