Most Americans desire a colorblind society. A society where individuals are judged upon merit, as opposed to the color of their skin. That is the reason Affirmative Action was birthed by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. That is also the reason that Proposition 209 was voted for in 1996. These two historical events are driven by the desire of equality.
What is Affirmative Action? According to Geraldine Leshin, it is "Taking positive or active steps to accomplish the public policy goal of equal employment opportunity." What is Proposition 209? Its a new law that has been passed that "prohibits the state of California and local governments from discriminating against or granting preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity or national origin in public employment, public education or public contracting (San Jose Mercury News)."
Affirmative action was implemented for important reasons. "Broadly defined, affirmative action refers to efforts to increase educational and employment opportunities for minorities and women. More specifically, it applies to various programs and policies designed to increase the number of minorities and women hired by government and industry and admitted into colleges and universities."(Faundez, 213)
Affirmative action is important especially in the work force. Before affirmative action, minorities and women felt, and seemed to be, discriminated against being chosen for the job. Affirmative action was to help with the "increasing of opportunities for those that were previously discriminated against"(Lemann, 145). Affirmative action was created to not only help Black-Amer...
... middle of paper ...
Leshin, Geraldine (1979). Equal Employment Opportunity an Affirmative
Action in Labor-Management Relations A PRIMER. Institute of Industrial
Relations: Los Angeles, Tab H.
Mendoza, Ryan (1996). Affirmative Action remains the American compromise.
The Yale Daily News, Internet. Available:
http://www.townhall.com/columnists.duplantier/dul112195.html (1996, October
Mills, Nicolaus, ed. Debating Affirmative Action: Race, Gender, Ethnicity,
and the Politics of Inclusion. New York: Delta trade Paper-backs, 1994.
Proposition 209 and Affirmative Action (1996). San Jose Mercury News.
Rockwell, Paul (1996). Angry White Guys For Affirmative Action.
Available: http://www.dnai.com/~awgfaa/html/angry.html (1996, October 4).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- This American society confronts many controversial ideas from gun control to abortion. Citizens live in an era during which opposing groups argue at tremendous length to defend their viewpoints. These arguments create intense discussions over the years. One of the most controversial issues today is whether colleges should use affirmative action. Affirmative action refers to admission policies that provide superior access for underrepresented groups such as minorities and women. Supporters for affirmative action argue that it creates a diverse campus environment that benefits all students.... [tags: Affirmative action, Discrimination, Minority group]
1380 words (3.9 pages)
- ... Contrary to the glass ceiling that inhibits women’s progress, the glass escalator describes the idea that men are favored for higher paying positions with more responsibility and are granted them over their qualified female colleagues. In her analysis, Wingfield suggested that the escalator is a racial concept as well, for white men are often favored over black men, who are stereotypically seen to be more violent. Additionally, women notice the differential treatment they receive that stems from the idea that they are incapable of a high level of work.... [tags: Racism, Black people, Race, Race]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- The Affirmative Action Debate Most Americans desire a colorblind society. A society where individuals are judged upon merit, as opposed to the color of their skin. That is the reason Affirmative Action was birthed by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. That is also the reason that Proposition 209 was voted for in 1996. These two historical events are driven by the desire of equality. What is Affirmative Action? According to Geraldine Leshin, it is "Taking positive or active steps to accomplish the public policy goal of equal employment opportunity." What is Proposition 209? Its a new law that has been passed that "prohibits the state of California and local governments from dis... [tags: affirmative action argumentative persuasive]
1760 words (5 pages)
- Affirmative Action Debate "A policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities." At first glance this definition seems to explain fairly well what affirmative action is and convinces the reader that it is done in good faith to help make up for past discrimination, yet affirmative action is accompanied by many different opinions. This paper will discuss the different viewpoints regarding affirmative action.... [tags: Affirmative Action ]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- For the sake of this essay, affirmative action in education is defined as: “policies and programs designed to advance equality of educationalopportunity for individuals from groups that have suffered systematic historical discrimination” (Mickelson 29). What is being referred to here is race-based affirmative action, or the act of taking into consideration an applicant’s race in the college admissions process. This is a hot topic all over the United States and has been for quite a while, the debate raging between two sides: those in support of affirmative action and those opposed.... [tags: argumentative persuasive 2014]
1650 words (4.7 pages)
- Affirmative action is an everlasting topic that still is on debate in today’s society. In the reference issue, two scholars debate on if affirmative action is essential in today’s world to achieve racial equality. The first scholar named Robert Staples had started the debate stating that the affirmative action programs was started to provide economic opportunities to minorities and women. He also became critical to the fact that politicians that said the program was geared toward blacks and only benefited them.... [tags: Affirmative action, Discrimination, Black people]
1170 words (3.3 pages)
- Affirmative action programs take into consideration the race and sex of an individual for schools and jobs. Race and sex need to be accounted for because it is an effort to correct any imbalances in any workplace or institution. The Supreme Court upholds these policy programs to ensure that people of minority groups are getting an equal chance at opportunities that they otherwise might not have been able to attain due to discrimination. The standing debate is whether affirmative action programs are morally justifiable.... [tags: Affirmative action, Discrimination, Minority group]
1233 words (3.5 pages)
- Affirmative action: Should it be mended or ended. Affirmative action is an attempt to correct unequal distribution of benefits (status, income and wealth, power and authority), and burdens associated with ethnic and gender differences. Affirmative action has been promoted by the Federal government since the mid 1960's, when president Lyndon B. Johnson ordered federal contractors to adopt affirmative action plans. (Congress and the Nation, 748). This paper will focus on the relevance of affirmative action in the American society.... [tags: Affirmative Action]
1336 words (3.8 pages)
- In 1997, three students were denied admission into the University of Michigan. Each of them, in turn, sued the school, charging them with discrimination. In one of the cases, a student was denied admission into Michigan’s law school. Chicago Sun-Times writers Dave Newbart and Kate Grossman reported that last Monday, June 23, 2003, in a 5-4 majority ruling, swing vote Justice Sandra Day O’Connor judged for the school maintaining their right to consider the race of their applicants. In a second decision, the court ruled that they supported the University’s use of race in their admissions policy, but use of a point system was unconstitutional under the fourteenth amendment (Equal Protection Cl... [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
1066 words (3 pages)
- Affirmative Action Affirmative Action efforts were started in 1964 to end the long history of overlooking qualified people of color and women from higher education. Affirmative Action sets standards for a business or office of admissions, so that a white man does not have the upper-hand over an equally or greater educated minority. The initial way the government tried to justify Affirmative Action was to develop a human resource approach: first identifying the problem, which is racism then establishing the solution (Phillips 67).... [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
1273 words (3.6 pages)
- We Do NOT Need Affirmative Action
- Free Affirmative Action Essays - Affirmative Action is Reverse Discrimination
- Free Affirmative Action Essays - Black Americans Need Affirmative Action
- Free Affirmative Action Essays - Affirmative Action is Against the Bible
- Free Affirmative Action Essays - Affirmative Action is Discrimination
- Free Affirmative Action Essays - Quotas are Outdated