Informative Speech: Spinal Cord Injuries Essay

Informative Speech: Spinal Cord Injuries Essay

Length: 980 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

PURPOSE: To inform my audience about people in the United States living with spinal cord injuries
There are about a quarter of a million people in the United States living with spinal cord injuries. In addition, between 7,600 and 10,000 new injuries occur each year. Nearly half of these new injuries will occur in young people between the ages of 16 and 30. I have become very interested in the research to find a cure for spinal cord injuries and hope to share some of the information I found with you today. In order for you to fully understand the details I will be sharing with you, I’d like to begin with a general overview of the spinal cord before moving on to the three stages of research I will cover: past research which has lead to present treatments, recent research, and the present and future research.

The spinal cord is basically a bundle of nerves which runs from the base of the brain to the middle of the waist. It is the core of the spinal column and carries nerve impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body. When this soft, jelly-like cord is injured, severe effects are felt on the body. The spinal cord can be bruised, damaged, or severed, each resulting in different degrees of injury. In this illustration we see an example of a slipped disk. A slipped disk most often results in severe and sometimes disabling pain and can be treated by painkillers, bed rest, or surgery. While definitely not a minor ailment, the severity of a slipped disk is not very high since the spinal cord is left intact and therefor there is no nerve damage. However, more serious consequences occur when the spinal cord is damaged or severed. This can happen from traumas or diseases, and since we have a limited time, I will focus only on the traumatic causes. The largest contributor to traumatic spinal cord injuries is vehicular accidents, accounting for nearly 48%. Next is falls at almost 21%, followed by violence, sports, and ‘other’. As you can see from this graph, 66% of sports injuries occur in the form of diving accidents, while I am part of the 3.8% of snow skiing accidents.
Now that I have shared a brief overview of the spinal cord and some statistics about spinal cord injuries, we will look at the past research that h...

... middle of paper ...

...e sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimer’s, Lou Gehrig’s disease, and spinal cord injuries, and have already been used against certain types of cancer.

The controversy behind the stem cell research has been raging since the first experiments. The United States Congress banned federally supported human-embryo research in 1996, forcing scientists to solicit funding from private sponsors. Since stem cells are harvested from aborted fetuses, the ethical issues surrounding abortion act as a stigma in the public’s view. However, in September of last year, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission concluded that harvesting stem cells from discarded embryos is morally akin to removing organs from dead people for transplant. Stem cell research continues to be very controversial, yet prevalent in the scientific community.
Research in the field of spinal cord injuries has already come very far in only the past decade, and now seems to be on the fast track to finding a cure. Many of the facts and statistics I found while researching this topic were entirely new to me, and I am glad that I had the opportunity to research such an important and relevant subject.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Spinal Cord Injury Causes Disturbance Of Descent Ways From Central Control Centers

- Cardiovascular Changes Spinal Cord Injury causes disturbance of descent ways from central control centers to spinal sympathetic neurons (McKinnely, 2006). The cardiovascular system decreases the ability to uphold vessel tone. It loses its capacity to pump blood through decreasing stroke volume (Karishblum, 2015). Aging is related with a gradual increase progressing in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. A greater incidence of syncope syndromes associated with micturition, as well as orthostatic hypotension (Clark & Siebens, 1998)....   [tags: Blood pressure, Orthostatic hypotension]

Good Essays
1471 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Brain Studies on Traumatic Brain Injuries

- Phineas Gage, a 25 year old construction worker is known as one of the most famous patients that suffered from a traumatic brain injury. While working at a railroad site, an iron tamping rod (43 inches long, 1.25 diameter) went through his left cheek, through his brain, and out the skull. He surprisingly ended up surviving this traumatic injury. After a month in the hospital, he was back out on the street. Once a nice, caring person, Phineas turned into an aggressive man who could not even keep a job....   [tags: Phineas Gage, neurology]

Good Essays
1942 words (5.5 pages)

Essay The Long Term Effects Of Traumatic Brain Injuries

- The Long Term Effects of Traumatic Brain Injuries Kevin Robinson (Insert School Here Loser) (Insert Date Here Asshole) Abstract Traumatic brain injuries are the most serious cases in modern medicine. In sports, aspiring athletes and professional players are in constant danger due to the lack of precaution and excessive force used on the field. Through research, the effects of traumatic brain injuries is explained and precautions to take in day to day life when playing sports or extracurricular outdoor activities....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion, Brain]

Good Essays
10213 words (29.2 pages)

Brainstem Injuries and the Neuropsychologist Essay

- Brainstem Injuries and the Neuropsychologist The Neuropsychologist plays an essential function in assessment and rehabilitation after an injury to the head. Neuropsychologists essentially bear responsibility for testing and tracking the patients thinking ability. Below are key functions provided by clinical neuropsychologists: - Carrying out detailed assessments of cognition, emotion, behavior, and social competence; - Devising and implementing training programs; - Liaising with educational agencies/ employers to advise on the resumption of educational/ vocational life; - Advising on the management cognitive deficits/ disabilities; - Advising and providing long term ca...   [tags: Neuropsychology Medical Essays]

Good Essays
1292 words (3.7 pages)

Spinal Cord Injury As A Disconnection Syndrome Essay

- ... These alternatives leave significant gaps in the needs for functional gain for select individuals. [10] In conventional rehabilitation compensatory strategies are there for achieving mobility and strengthening above the level of lesion. [1] However, these alternatives leave significant gaps in the needs for functional restoration. Restoration is nearly always far from complete and leaves the individual with considerable functional loss. [10] Today the cure of paralysis does not exist....   [tags: Spinal cord, Muscle, Motor neuron]

Good Essays
1689 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Spinal Cord And Its Effects On The Body

- ... Reflexes oblige incitement they are not unconstrained activities but rather reactions to tactile info. They are fast and for the most part include few interneurons, or none and least synaptic deferral. Reflexes are automatic and happen without plan frequently without mindfulness, and they are hard to smother. At the point when a muscle is abruptly extended, it battle back it contracts, expands tone, and feels stiffer than an upstretched muscles. This methodology is called stretch reflex serves to keep up harmony and carriage....   [tags: Spinal cord, Muscle, Reflexes, Reflex]

Good Essays
1083 words (3.1 pages)

Sports and Spinal Cord Injuries Essay

- Wherever you heard T.J Ford, you would always hear of his astounding and flashy plays. However, due to severe injuries, it resulted in the superstar’s retirement. Ford was a great player during his tenure in the NCAA and was already breaking records in his freshman year. Some of his accolades include the wooden player of the year at Texas when took his team the Texas Longhorns to the final four. Ford did achieve many accomplishments in the NBA, but not to his full potential has he had expected in college....   [tags: NCAA, t.j ford, retirement]

Good Essays
654 words (1.9 pages)

Repairing Spinal Cord Injuries Essay

- Injuries can happen to anyone, anywhere. Injuries affect people’s lives as they limit their choices, temporarily or permanently. Most injuries are not preventable, because most happen unexpectedly. For example, spinal cord injuries can occur if a person falls abruptly on his/her back and shatters their spinal cord. Although injuries cannot be prevented, they can be healed. New technologies are under development to solve major injuries, which do not yet have a cure. One of these major injuries is a spinal cord injury....   [tags: Health]

Good Essays
985 words (2.8 pages)

Spinal Cord Injuries Essay

- The key function of the cervical spine is to support the weight of the head which is approximately 10-12 pounds. The spinal cord is the key path for information between the brain and the peripheral nervous system. It transmits signals back and forth between the body and brain. The length of the spinal cord is about 45 cm in men and 43 cm in women. Within this spinal link, there are thirty one pairs of spinal. Each spinal nerve splits into two roots before connecting to the spinal cord. The human body is a weight-bearing exterior and an addition for the disc....   [tags: anatomy, cervical spine]

Good Essays
1232 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Understanding Spinal Cord Injuries

- Understanding Spinal Cord Injuries Spinal cord injuries can be very devastating. First we will discuss the spinal cord's structure and function. Then we will tell you how the spinal cord is most commonly injured, along with some statistics involved and some signs of spinal cord injury. We will explain some changes to the body after spinal injuries. Finally we will talk about some of the research in helping spinal cord injury victims. The spinal cord is the final common pathway from the brain to the muscles....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)