--> Free Descartes Essays and Papers


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Descartes"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

Descartes View on the Senses

- Descartes first meditation included a few arguments that Descartes studied and analyze. The one I choose to analyze was his argument of sense deception. The actually argument is the following: (1) My senses sometimes deceive me. (2) If my senses sometimes deceive me, then they might always deceive me. (3) If my senses might always deceive me, then I cannot be certain about any beliefs acquired through my senses. (4) If I cannot be certain about any beliefs acquired through my senses, then I must suspend judgment on those beliefs....   [tags: Descartes]

Better Essays
661 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Natural Light By Rene Descartes

- Descartes’ Natural Light Rene Descartes’ natural light is his saving grace, and not Achilles’ heel. Descartes incorporates the concept of natural light within his epistemology in order to establish the possibility of knowing things completely without doubt. In fact whatever is revealed to the meditator via the natural light is considered to be indefeasible. The warrant for the truth of these ideas does not rely on experience or the senses. Rather the truth of the idea depends on viewing the concept through clear and distinct perception....   [tags: Mind, Epistemology, Perception, René Descartes]

Strong Essays
1695 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' The Coffee House By Rene Descartes

- It was a warm morning in an Austrian Coffee-house. The building was bustling with conversation and brimming with activity. However all I could focus on was a pale, bearded man sitting across from me, writing in a dishevelled notebook. I took a glance and found this mysterious man’s name on the cover: John Macmurray. Suddenly, there was a crash as the shops’ doors opened, and a well-kept man with flowing hair made his way down to the counter. As he passed a hush fell on the coffee-house. It was then that I recognised this mysterious customer from my philosophy class- it was Rene Descartes....   [tags: Mind, Thought, René Descartes, Soul]

Strong Essays
1379 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects

- Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects In his sixth meditation Descartes must return to the doubts he raised in his first one. Here he deals mainly with the mind-body problem and tries to prove whether material things exist with certainty. In this meditation he develops his dualist argument; by making a distinction between mind and body; although he also reveals that the are significantly related. He considers existence of the external world and whether its perception holds any knowledge of this world....   [tags: Descartes]

Better Essays
669 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Review of Descartes: An Intellectual Biography and Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain

- Review of Descartes: An Intellectual Biography and Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain Descartes' error, Antonio Damasio tells us, was his belief in "the abyssal separation between body and mind . . . " (250). As Damasio notes, there are certainly many specific "errors" in Descartes' writings--that heat causes the circulation of the blood, for example, or that movement is translated instantaneously through the plenum from one object to another--but all these notions have been "corrected" by subsequent theory in ways that we can imagine Descartes himself might easily accept....   [tags: Descartes ]

Free Essays
733 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Dream Argument by Rene Descartes

- One of Rene Descartes’s most famous arguments, from his not only from his first meditation but all of the meditations, is his Dream Argument. Descartes believes that there is no way to be able to distinguish being in awake from being in a state of dreaming. In fact you could actually be in a dream right now. Rene Descartes’s theory that one is unable distinguish being awake from dreaming, as interesting as it is, can be at times a little farfetched, along with a few contradictions to himself, Descartes’s dream argument does not entitle himself to any sort of claim....   [tags: Descartes Theory, Dreaming, Awake]

Strong Essays
1011 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes

- During the sixteen hundreds, the French philosopher René Descartes laid the foundations for the beginnings of Cartesian Dualism. In contrast, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes argued against dualism in favor of materialism. Recently, Cartesian Dualism, and dualism in general has fallen out of favor as materialism arose as a more plausible and explanatory theory regarding the interrelationships between body and mind. The translation Descartes’ writing in the Meditations is far more cryptic than Hobbes’ writing in the Leviathan....   [tags: Descartes vs Hobbes]

Powerful Essays
1496 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

The Meditations by Rene Descartes

- In Descartes’ Meditations, his goal to prove the existence of things could only be accomplished if he was logical, clear, and correct in his thoughts and writings. The most important issues he noted were the threat of being deceived and the potential of being incorrect in his judgments, both of which would lead him into error. Error exists as a problem that individuals encounter on a regular basis, and it also exists as a focal point in Descartes’ Meditations. Descartes defines error as “a privation or lack of some knowledge which somehow should be in me.” As a “thinking thing”, which he defines as “a thing that doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling, and also imagine...   [tags: Rene Descartes, 2015]

Strong Essays
996 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Blade Runner and Descartes’ Theory

- In the film “Blade Runner”, replicants are made perfectly like human beings through a well-done ‘skin jobs’ and genetic engineered. They can demonstrate the abilities to perform and work like human: they can talk and they can also have feelings and emotions. These replicants are stronger, faster, and smarter than humans; however, they are only genetically programmed for a designated life span of four years. Replicants are created to use as a slave labor, which is used in “off-world colonization”....   [tags: Blade Runner, movies, Descartes,]

Good Essays
537 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Descartes´ Mental and Physical Substances

- When Descartes published his ideas in his Meditations on First Philosophy, his ideas were not new, but nonetheless groundbreaking. He proposed there were two separate types of matter or stuff that can exist independent of each other. These are physical substances and mental substances. The physical can only occupy space in the real world, and cannot do any of the things we attribute to mental faculties, such as thinking and reasoning. Though the mental cannot be present in the material world, it can surely have an effect on what the physical body does....   [tags: Descartes, epiphenomenalism, functionalism ]

Strong Essays
1292 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Descartes, The Great Philosopher

- ... From here, Descartes decided to set out to prove God’s existence. I assume some of this verbiage is to meet the 1000 word requirement. Next assignment would have such a requirement. Descartes began to reason that if anything is to be believed, and there cannot be ais no hypothetical demon deceiving him or anyone else, there must be a benevolent god for anything to be trusted as true and thus he decided that he had to prove that there existed a benevolent god. He came up with the fact idea that God is an infinite being but none of us are, God is perfect but no other being is, or in other words, god was infinite and perfect, he has infinite ‘formal reality’ and infinite ‘objective reality...   [tags: Philosophy, Epistemology, René Descartes]

Better Essays
1167 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Descartes And The Mind And Body

- Descartes states that the mind and body are two separate substances. I will argue against this claim for there are three reasons to not believe Descartes. The first reason is that we generally come to know things through our senses. Second, there is no empirical evidence to support other minds. Third, there is a close connection between the mind and the body. Descartes theory of substance dualism states that there is a difference between the mind and the body; your mental state is not affected by your physical state....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, René Descartes]

Strong Essays
1288 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Dream Argument By Rene Descartes

- “I know for certain that I am standing up; it is absolutely certain that I am; there is not the smallest chance that I am not.”-G.E Moore. Rene Descartes, introduced the Dream Argument, where he believed that we cannot trust our senses because at some point in an individual’s life they might be dreaming and believe that what was occurring during that dream was reality. This argument, was opposed to by G.E Moore where used evidence and knowledge to flip over the dream argument. He finds that Descartes, argument was very inconsistent....   [tags: Mind, Epistemology, Metaphysics, René Descartes]

Better Essays
992 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Meditations on First Philosophy, by Rene Descartes

- In Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, he talks about the distinction between God and existence. This paper is going to argue that in Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, both are contrasting how we know that God really exists and how we know what we perceive in this world actually exists as well. This essay will start by talking all about Rene Descartes and his ideas around the existence of God and life itself with everything living in it. Rene Descartes is putting forward an argument that everything we perceive in life is true when he says; “And thus I now seem able to posit as a general rule that everything I very clearly and distinctly p...   [tags: literary analysis, rene descartes]

Strong Essays
1125 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes 's Theory Of Philosophy

- ... One example could be within the realms of science. Our bodies are made up of cells, and to those who realize this, know that it can’t be any other way. Humans must be made of cells and nothing else. Descartes came up with, and believed in these beliefs because he argued that if one was capable of finding the necessary contingents, than one can discover a true philosophy. Although these two existents were fundamental to Descartes contribution to philosophy, his largest contribution was something called The Methodic Doubt....   [tags: Epistemology, Mind, Rationalism, René Descartes]

Better Essays
1242 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Descartes 's Meditations On First Philosophy

- Cogito ergo sum, I think therefore I am, these words said by famous philosopher Rene Descartes, entail an interesting idea, that the mind is a separate entity from the body. Those who believe in this theory are known as dualists, dualists believe that mind and body are two separate entities that interact to create a person. The materialists stand opposite to the dualists, believing that all things including the mental phenomenon of consciousness are the result of physical interactions Descartes in his “Meditations on First Philosophy” is determined to wipe away all his conceived notions of truth, and to build his knowledge base from nothing, in order to have a more perfect and true knowled...   [tags: Perception, Mind, Epistemology, René Descartes]

Better Essays
837 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of Rene Descartes 's Meditations On First Philosophy

- ... However, he can still understand the properties of a thousand-sided figure even if he cannot imagine it. After going over imagination and understanding Descartes begins to establish that the imagination isn 't an essential component of the mind since he could still exist without being able to imagine. He uses this as a reasoning for imagination relying on something other than the mind itself for existence. He then implies that the body and imagination are connected, which allows the mind to picture physical objects....   [tags: Mind, Ontology, René Descartes, Consciousness]

Better Essays
1055 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Wax Argument

- The purpose of the wax argument is designed to provide a clear and distinct knowledge of “I”, which is the mind, while corporeal things, “whose images are framed by thought, and which the senses themselves imagine are much more distinctly known than this mysterious ‘I’ which does not fall within the imagination” (66). Through the wax argument, Descartes’ demonstrates that corporeal things are perceived neither through our senses nor imagination, but through our intellect alone. In this argument, you will see that there is cause to doubt Descartes’ analysis of the wax and his method of philosophical reasoning....   [tags: Descartes Meditations]

Powerful Essays
1444 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Existence of God: According to Descartes

- Once Descartes has "proved" his existence by way of the Cogito argument, and has determined what it is that belongs to his essence of being a thinking thing, he must move to examining questions about the world around him. However, before doing this, he thinks it better to examine the question of the existence of God. If he can prove that he was created by a perfectly benevolent creator, then his innate ideas must carry some semblance of truth, as God is not a deceiver and has placed these ideas in Descartes....   [tags: Religion God Descartes Philosophy Essays]

Powerful Essays
1751 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Analyzing Individuation and Identity In Descartes´ Philosophical View of the Mind-Body Dualism

- Every since Plato introduced the idea of dualism thousands of years ago meta-physicians have been faced with the mind-body problem. Even so Plato idea of dualism did not become a major issue of debate in the philosophical world until the seventeenth century when French philosopher Rene Descartes publicized his ideas concerning the mental and physical world. During this paper, I will analyze the issue of individuation and identity in Descartes’ philosophical view of the mind-body dualism. I will first start by explaining the structure of Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Plato, Cartesian dualism]

Strong Essays
1098 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

How did Descartes Explain the Relationship between Mind and Body?

- Across the years, many scientists and philosophers believed that a human being is made up by mind and body (Radner, 1971). Some of them believed that the mind-soul is something different from the body and each of them works by themselves without any interaction between them (Radner, 1971). The other point of view said that body and mind works together as a unity and mutually influences each other and the result is the human being. This view had been held by great figures like the Greek philosopher Aristotle and Aquinas (Radner, 1971)....   [tags: rene descartes, mind and body, aristotle]

Strong Essays
1105 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

A Humean Critique of Descartes

- A Humean Critique of Descartes Montreal has big potholes. Lots of them. If one is to truly understand the philosophy of Hume and Descartes, one must understand what they would do with crummy roads as civil engineers in Montreal. Hume would probably repave the roads based on the success of past designs and the results of empirical data. Descartes, on the other hand, would probably leave nothing unscathed after attacking the problem with reason, scrapping the existing roadmap and re-building roads with new foundations and new directions....   [tags: Descartes Critique Philosophy Philosopher Essays]

Research Papers
2570 words | (7.3 pages) | Preview

The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes

- The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes I In Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes takes the reader through a methodological exercise in philosophical enquiry. After stripping the intellect of all doubtful and false beliefs, he re-examines the nature and structure of being in an attempt to secure a universally valid epistemology free from skepticism. Hoping for the successful reconciliation of science and theology, Descartes works to reconstruct a new foundation of absolute and certain truth to act as a catalyst for future scientific research by “showing that a mathematical [rational-objective] physics of the world is attainable by creatures with our intellectua...   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Descartes Essays]

Research Papers
3757 words | (10.7 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Descartes’ Mind/Body Distinction

- In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes states “I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in as far as I am only a thinking and unextended thing, and as, on the other hand, I possess a distinct idea of body, in as far as it is only an extended and unthinking thing”. [1] The concept that the mind is an intangible, thinking entity while the body is a tangible entity not capable of thought is known as Cartesian Dualism. The purpose of this essay is to examine how Descartes tries to prove that the mind or soul is, in its essential nature, entirely distinct from the body and whether or not he is successful....   [tags: Descartes Meditation One 2014]

Strong Essays
1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy

- Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes’ third meditation from his book Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes’ reasoning and proofs of God’s existence. In the third meditation, Descartes states two arguments attempting to prove God’s existence, the Trademark argument and the traditional Cosmological argument. Although his arguments are strong and relatively truthful, they do no prove the existence of God....   [tags: Existence God Religion Descartes Essays]

Powerful Essays
1961 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Beliefs Beyond Doubt, What All Other Respond To: Rene Descartes' "Meditations on First Philosophy"

- Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy is considered to be one of the most important works in modern philosophy. John Locke, Immanuel Kant, and countless other philosophers wrote largely in response to Descartes. Yet there are serious doubts related to the treatise's major argument. In the Objections and Replies, a collection of objections to the work along with Descartes personal and often very detailed replies to said objections, the philosopher Antoine Arnauld raises the question of whether or not Descartes was guilty of circular reasoning....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy,]

Powerful Essays
2010 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Meditations, Bouwsma, And Daniel C. Dennett 's Article On Who Am I?

- Scepticism is the philosophical idea that with everything you experience, you don’t know anything, even though you may disagree with this claim and use natural truths, like mathematics for example, as backup. As said by Francks (2008, pg. 27), ‘a ‘Sceptical’ position is any theory which holds that people don’t know stuff. The most extreme form of Scepticism is the suggestion that human beings don’t actually know anything at all – we think we do, but we don’t.’ Within this essay, I am going to go into detail about Scepticism and argue my line of thought as to what I believe, while also bringing in the work of Descartes’ Meditations, Bouwsma’s response to his work, Descartes’ Evil Genius and D...   [tags: Skepticism, Mind, René Descartes, Epistemology]

Strong Essays
1499 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes: The Science of Man

- In this paper I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man. The theories of Hobbes and the contemporary socio- biologists attempt to recognize how man works and on that basis build a society. "Hobbes wished to be seen as the inventor of the science of politics" (Sorell, p45) He went about this by looking at the psychology of man and discovering that man is a mechanism....   [tags: Descartes vs Hobbes]

Strong Essays
1407 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Meditations

- Descartes' Meditations In Descartes’ meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of ‘pure enquiry’ to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundationalism, where a philosopher basis all epistemological knowledge on an indubitable premise. Within meditation one Descartes subjects all of his beliefs regarding sensory data and even existence to the strongest and most hyperbolic of doubts....   [tags: Philosophy Doubt Meditations Descartes Essays]

Powerful Essays
2133 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of Descartes 's ' Descartes '

-   Descartes believes God exists and plays a key role in his belief that he is a thinking thing residing in a material world. God’s existence is an innate idea we are born with. This idea explains how our clear and distinct reasoning leads us towards knowledge. Descartes believes God to be a perfect being, so he cannot deceive us. Since he has a perfect knowledge and supplies us with truth in this world, we must believe we reside in a material world. Descartes sets apart ideas into three distinct categories: Innate, Factitious (self-evident), or Adventitious....   [tags: Mind, Ontology, Existence, Epistemology]

Strong Essays
1062 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Descartes Vs. Descartes Argument

- ... As he furthers his thoughts, he makes the claim that there are indicators of being awake or asleep. He says that everything like our body parts, the movement of our limps, has all had to come from somewhere however, somewhere that these things are true and real. That even painters cannot self create, when they are making up pieces of art it comes from parts of other animals or things. He says the only certain while being awake or asleep is mathematics. But he believes that regardless of this, there is an external world, where he goes into the God argument....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Critical thinking, Psychology]

Better Essays
1215 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

How Descartes Tries to Extricate Himself from the Skeptical Doubts He Has Raised

- How Descartes Tries to Extricate Himself from the Skeptical Doubts He Has Raised [All page references and quotations from the Meditations are taken from the 1995 Everyman edition] In the Meditations, Descartes embarks upon what Bernard Williams has called the project of 'Pure Enquiry' to discover certain, indubitable foundations for knowledge. By subjecting everything to doubt Descartes hoped to discover whatever was immune to it. In order to best understand how and why Descartes builds his epistemological system up from his foundations in the way that he does, it is helpful to gain an understanding of the intellectual background of the 17th century that provided the motivation fo...   [tags: Descartes Philosophy Meditations Essays]

Powerful Essays
4641 words | (13.3 pages) | Preview

Descartes Vs. Descartes 's Meditation

- ... However, with this all that Descartes shows is what he can do is think and not who he is as a person. The objection is that the Cogito is very obvious and does not help to approach the true problem of what a person actually is. One of the main objections is that what is the thinking thing. A thing is a rather arduous word to describe due to the nature that almost every substance in the universe is a thing. When Descartes dialogues about the thing he just refers to the mind, but there is more to a human being than just the mind, such as the body....   [tags: Thought, Mind, Human, Perception]

Better Essays
1405 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Descartes and the Mind

- The topic of the mind and how do we know has been around since the beginning of time. It is one of those questions that will most likely never be answered. I mean, the mind itself is so perplexing that we are still learning stuff about it daily. One question that Descartes proposed was “how do we know?” we still are pondering this one today. We ask it almost every day, maybe not in that way but in some form or another. So honestly, how do we know. Whenever Descartes started studying about the mind he denounced all of his previous opinions and started fresh....   [tags: Methodological Doubt, Perfection]

Strong Essays
1688 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Nelson on Descartes's Theory of Perception and Judgment

- Nelson on Descartes?s Theory of Perception and Judgment ABSTRACT: One tension in Descartes?s account of human error stems from the idea that we may be faulted for our acts of will, despite the fact that God is our omnipotent and omniscient creator. In the present essay, I describe a second tension in Descartes?s account of human error. After describing the tension, I consider Alan Nelson?s characterization of the means by which Descartes?s intended to relieve it. Although Nelson's interpretation is almost correct, I think that it obscures some of the interesting details of Descartes?s theory of perception and judgment....   [tags: Descarte Philosophy]

Better Essays
3050 words | (8.7 pages) | Preview

Descartes and Aristotle

- People live life one day at time with the same guidance from their ancestors, and they often question their existence in the universe and try to understand the world around them. People often question their existence in the universe. Philosophers try to answer questions that most people will not think of in their daily lives. Most philosophers try to get to the truth of logical questions through epistemology. Epistemology is a “branch of philosophy that studies the nature and possibility of knowledge” (Soccio)....   [tags: Rationalism, Priori, Posteriori, Philosophers]

Strong Essays
1353 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of Descartes 's Meditations, By Rene Descartes

- In “Meditations,” Rene Descartes presents the idea on whether we can be certain we know what we think we know. To demonstrate this, Descartes presents three stages of doubt. The first stage of doubt he presents is the senses argument, followed by the dream argument and finally the voluntarist argument. Each stage of doubt is compelling since it shows that many of the information can easily be dubitable. After Descartes is finished analyzing what is dubitable and indubitable he begins to construct the proof of God’s existence....   [tags: Mind, Epistemology, Ontology, Existence]

Strong Essays
1272 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Rationalist Camp By Rene Descartes

- n Stuart Dr. Dadlez Modern Philosophy (Date) Uncertainty In the rationalist camp, philosopher Rene Descartes sought to refute skepticism by doubting all of which he had formerly believed to be true. While this methodology might strike some as counterintuitive it appears to work for Descartes. Descartes’ six meditations provide a compelling account of what lengths a person can go to in questioning everything, including one’s existence. In his quest for knowledge Descartes begins in a secluded place, presumably to contemplate and begin writing....   [tags: Ontology, Metaphysics, Mind, Epistemology]

Strong Essays
1575 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Argument For The Existence Of God

- Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God In Descartes’ second meditation, he offers up an argument for Defective Nature Doubt that brings forth the idea that we can’t be certain of anything we perceive being actual and real (153). Descartes thinks that there is a possibility that we are constantly being deceived due to the fact that we don’t know, with perfect certainty, know where our ideas originate from (154). He tries to describe a method in order to dispel this Defective Nature Doubt by giving an argument for the existence of God....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Human, Existence]

Better Essays
1088 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Meditations On First Philosophy

- ... He proposes the existence of dreams as reason to question perception. “As I consider matters more carefully,” Descartes states, “I see so plainly that there are no definitive signs by which to distinguish being awake from being asleep.” Descartes thus concludes that it is possible that he exists fully in a dream-state, proving possible that what he perceives is false. However, it is also proposed that this idea may be false. “Nevertheless”, Descartes claims, “it surely must be admitted that the things seen during slumber are, as it were, like painted images, which could only have been produced in the likeness of true things, and that therefore at least these general things—eyes, head,...   [tags: Perception, Mind, Sense, Cognition]

Better Essays
1000 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Evil Deceiver By Descartes

- In his quest for absolute, firm knowledge, Descartes eventually reaches a standstill that could prevent him from moving forward on his journey. This obstacle manifests itself in the form of an evil deceiver, a malicious entity with the ability to distort Descartes’ perceptions and trick him into believing a false claim to be truthful. The evil deceiver would endlessly mislead Descartes into thinking that an aspect of life were true. Given the power of this evil deceiver, Descartes would never know if the truths that he is reaching are in fact truthful....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Metaphysics, Existence of God]

Strong Essays
1373 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Theory Of The Mind And Body

- The foundation of Descartes’ theory of the mind and body rests upon his famous notion: ‘I think therefore I am’. As a prime advocate of modern philosophy, Descartes was both a rationalist and a substance dualist. He proposed the mind and body dualism theory in an attempt to explain everything physical. For Descartes, in order for material things to exist, the mind and body have to be separate entities. This essay will explore Descartes’ account on the relationship between the mind and body, through his accounts in his series, Meditations and go onto analyse Descartes’ arguments for the separation of the mind and body as two clear and distinct entities....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Dualism, Thought]

Strong Essays
1398 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Descartes Argument for the Existence of God

- Descartes employs what is known as an ontological argument to prove the existence of God. Saint Anselm who lived during the 11th century first formulated this type of argument. Since then it has proved popular with many philosophers including Rene` Descartes. Even though ontological arguments have lost popularity with modern philosophers there has been some recent attempts to revive them. Descartes formulation is regarded as being one of the best because it is straight forward and relatively easy to follow....   [tags: philosophy, theology]

Strong Essays
1171 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

A Summary of Descartes and His Thoughts

- Descartes claim of ‘Cogito ergo sum’ marked a sharp departure from what philosophy was in his time. He started from the basic principle of rationalism and he concluded that ‘I think, therefore I exist’. In his Meditation II, Descartes hits an epistemological ground zero. Here it is that Descartes begins his startling point, “And thus, having reflected well, and carefully examined all things, we have finally to conclude that this declaration, Ego sum, ego existo, is necessarily true every time I propound of mentally apprehend it.” In this statement he affirms his existence and later concludes that he was a res cogitans -- a thinking thing, “that is to say a mind, an understanding or reason-t...   [tags: philosophical analysis]

Better Essays
874 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Third Meditation, by Rene Descartes

- In the Third Meditation, Descartes forms a proof for the existence of God. He begins by laying down a foundation for what he claims to know and then offers an explanation for why he previously accepted various ideas but is no longer certain of them. Before he arrives at the concept of God, Descartes categorizes ideas and the possible sources that they originate from. He then distinguishes between the varying degrees of reality that an idea can possess, as well as the cause of an idea. Descartes proceeds to investigate the idea of an infinite being, or God, and how he came to acquire such an idea with more objective reality than he himself has....   [tags: God, Exploring Notions]

Better Essays
869 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Mind and the World: Descartes Meditations

- C. Santos Professor R. Boeker The Mind and the World Due: October 18, 2013 Descartes presents three skeptical arguments in his meditations which shows he has reason to doubt all of his sensory beliefs. Descartes ultimately aims to free himself from all bad beliefs. His quest for certainty is driven from his belief that our belief system is built on a foundation of basic beliefs, that are not justified, in turn, causing him to believe that all his other beliefs are uncertain, as well. His method for achieving a system immune from errors is described in three steps from Meditation One....   [tags: dream, reality, evil genius, beliefs]

Better Essays
995 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Descartes and the Real Distinction

- Descartes' formulation of what he calls the “Real Distinction” has proved foundational to our modern concepts of being and consciousness. His contention has irreversibly influenced the fields of psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and others while cementing into the popular consciousness the notion of a definite dichotomy between the mind and the body. In this paper, I will flesh out what Descartes' meant by the term “real distinction,” discuss the arguments he uses in its' defense, and then argue myself that this distinction between mind and body (at least as Descartes frames it) goes much too far, and that it is a much more viable probability to believe that mind and body are actually i...   [tags: Philosophy]

Powerful Essays
1803 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

A Brief Look at the Philosophy of Descartes

- ... The Method of Doubt ultimately contains the idea of getting rid of all uncertain beliefs, confirming that only beliefs that are entirely true remain in one’s viewpoint. Descartes even goes on to use examples like even conscious or asleep, two plus three is always five. Still, the evil genius puzzles us, we perhaps think two plus three is four but in fact it will always be five and it is continuously true. Another example can be while an individual is within a silent deep sleep we are unsure whether there is any thinking going on whatsoever....   [tags: method of doubt]

Better Essays
817 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Ideas on the Existence of God

- Through out history there have been questions of where we come from and how we got here. It all comes down to the question of God’s existence. God’s existence has never been questioned during the times of when Christianity, Judaism and Islam were born. The question of God’s existence comes from our new way of thinking after these religions. Science has made us think of how things work in our world and brings Gods existence into question. There were no scientific studies done during the days of Jesus to prove that God exists, so where did the people in history get this idea of God from....   [tags: philosophy, religion]

Powerful Essays
1468 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Theory Of Knowledge

- The question that has plagued philosophers for centuries has been “how do we come to know what we know?” The renowned philosopher Rene Descartes discusses this phenomenon, lending forth his own solutions to this perennial predicament. In the First Meditation, Descartes’ examines truth and fallacy through the methodical picking-apart of candidates of truth. Descartes’ idea of knowledge revolves around the philosophical staple, “I think therefore I am” and believing we should come upon truth and knowledge by questioning what is presently known, looking towards God as a viable solution, and ultimately coming to conclusions by relying on the mind and intellectual thought....   [tags: Epistemology, Truth, Reality, Rationalism]

Strong Essays
1671 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Second and Sixth and Meditations

- Throughout Descartes second and sixth meditations there seems to be a tension rising between the fact of whether or not the mind and body are distinct. By analyzing both meditations it appears that Descartes’ perspectives are contradictory of each other and need to be further evaluated in order to reveal his true meaning. By saying, in the second meditation, that we perceive things by means of our intellect alone, and in the sixth meditation, that we do not perceive pain by means of the intellect alone but rather by an intermingling of our intellect and our senses, Descartes brings forth the questionable tension....   [tags: philosophy]

Strong Essays
967 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The Life of René Descartes

- Born March, 31st 1569 in La Haye en Touraine France, René Descartes was a very significant philosopher, mathematician, scientist and writer. He attended a Jesuit college at La Flèche. Later named “The Father of Modern Philosophy”, much of western philosophies are a reaction to his books which have been studied meticulously for centuries. Many elements of René’s philosophy have many similarities to that of Aristotle. Descartes was a very influential figure during the 17th century continental rationalist....   [tags: Biographical Essay, science, biography]

Good Essays
572 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Ideas on The Existence of God

- Descartes begins his Meditations by doubting everyone, “beating the Pyrrhic skeptics at their own game”. He begins his journey by declaring that we can only have knowledge if we are completely certain of that knowledge. Further, that the only way to have certain knowledge of something is if we can know it using something completely reliable. So he begins with what most of us assume – the senses reliably tell us reality. I see the rain because rain exists; I can sit on this chair because the chair exists; my coffee is hot because there is hot coffee in front of me, and so on....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1116 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Existence Of God By Rene Descartes

- The existence of God has been in question and argued amongst people for who knows how long. It has troubled mankind for thousands of years. Many philosophers have tried their best to prove that there may or may not be a God. Rene Descartes and Saint Anselm are two philosophers that each had their own proofs for the existence of God. I will be looking at the similarities, differences, and the persuasion of their proofs. Often known as the father of modern philosophy or modern thought, Rene Descartes came up with proofs to prove the existence of God in his Meditations on First Philosophy....   [tags: Metaphysics, Ontology, Ontological argument, Plato]

Better Essays
777 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Descartes vs. Spinoza on Substance

- Throughout the history of metaphysics the question, What is. has always been answered in an incomplete,unsatisfactory or complicated manner, but Spinoza tried to answer this question in an exceptional way simply by describing God and His essence. Based on Spinoza’s views, God’s qualities can be referred to as attributes and modes are merely affections of a substance. This paper will provide a detailed view of Spinoza’s key ontological definition of God as the only substance, his attributes, and their co-relations....   [tags: ontological definition of God ]

Research Papers
2323 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

Descartes And The Apostle Paul

- DESCARTES AND THE APOSTLE PAUL The great battle between our minds and our fleshly desires. I think we all know or feel this huge battle going on in our minds. We know what is right and what we should be doing but we still do it any way. Maybe it is the need for feeling in control or being impatient so we just react without really analyzing the right choice. Maybe we do it because we instantly justify the wrong doing in our mind to make us feel better which then leads to a vicious cycle of wrong doings and justifications....   [tags: Mind, Christianity, Free will, Metaphysics]

Better Essays
1056 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Descartes ' Theory Of Substance Dualism

- In this essay, I plan to defend Descartes ' theory of Substance Dualism against the objection made by Princess Elizabeth. Substance Dualism is theory which states that there are two fundamental substances, mind and body. Princess Elizabeth 's objection against Substance Dualism is based off of her idea of how the mind and body interact in order for mental causation to occur. I defend Descartes 's theory by offering my own objection against Princess Elizabeth 's idea of what causation is. Descartes ' theory of Substance Dualism states that there are two fundamental substances, mind, and body....   [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Ontology, Soul]

Better Essays
1096 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Problem Of Dualism : Descartes

- Liang Zhou Student No.200314592 Philosophy 100 Due date: 3/30/2015 The problem of dualism Descartes proposed that the mind which represents thinking, and the body which represents mechanism are totally distinct-a thesis is called mind-body dualism. He believes the nature of thinking substance which cannot not be extended is completely different from the body which can be extended, and therefore it is possible for one to exist without the other. Some examples can prove that the mind could exist without body such as persistent vegetative state, zombie and some nature physiological response....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Consciousness, Thought]

Strong Essays
1303 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Descartes' Proof of God's Existence

- The existence of God has always been an arguable topic. Descartes’ however, believed that he had proof of God’s existence through an intense analysis of the mind. Throughout this paper I will discuss what he has provided as proof and some of the complications that arise throughout his argument. You can find Descartes’ proof of the existence of God in the Third Meditation. Although to understand this argument you have to look at his previous meditation where he begins to build his argument with the notion that in order for him to think, he must exist....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1246 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Descartes 's Theory Of Knowledge

- Descartes had a desire to achieve true truth, in this it became apparent for him to set up a system that would allow him to achieve such an aspiration. One of Descartes most ambitious undertakings was to prove that there was a God and a soul; here his system was utilized. In following this system he would gradually come to conclusions that were not only true and increased his knowledge, but also were easily understood so others were able to follow his methods as well. These rules were, to never except anything that was not true as a truth, to take a problem and divide it into as many parts as possible, then from least difficult to most, slowly answer each problem in turn, and finally to revi...   [tags: Truth, Mind, Perception, Sense]

Better Essays
1383 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Descartes 's Idea Of Certainty

- 1. Page 70, first new paragraph. What conclusion does Descartes tentatively reach in this paragraph. What premises does he provide in support of this conclusion. Descartes says that he has the ability to think—that if he has the ability to think, then he must have other abilities that he 's unaware of as well. However, he really questions the idea of certainty and how an individual can really be certain of something. Since you really can 't be certain because it 's really up to your own interpretation and your own understanding, then it 's really up to you to decide what 's considered to be certain....   [tags: Perception, Sense, Mind, Cognition]

Strong Essays
1634 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Philosophy And Physiology

- Philosophy and Physiology joined in an entangled romance of the mind to breed and nurture a new science called Psychology. Of the many pursuits and endeavors or Philosophers and Physiologists they probably did not intend to influence a new science in the way that they did. The beginning of psychology started with the debates of mind and body. Psychology was forming from the work of philosophers like Rene Descartes, and Physiologists like Hermann Helmholtz, and was developing its own prevalence in the world....   [tags: Mind, Psychology, Consciousness]

Better Essays
904 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Aristotle, Rousseau and Descartes on Technology

- While it is relatively easy to confuse the ideas of Aristotle, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and René Descartes, ancient philosophy, eighteenth century politics, and mathematics all appear to be considerably disconnected subjects. Associated with these divisions are three different opinions on a common subject matter: technology. It appears that Rousseau directly opposes technology, Aristotle’s opinion rests in the middle but also shares similarities with Rousseau, and Descartes favors technology. After reading Rousseau’s Discourse On the Origin of Inequality, Aristotle’s The Nicomachean Ethics and Descartes’s The Discourse on Method, one can draw these conclusions....   [tags: phylosophical ideas]

Strong Essays
1337 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of Descartes ' Dream Argument

- ... How are we to say our ordinary day is not one of those ordinary dreams. There are possible signs that some, but not all, may be able to experience in what we believe to be the dream state. Dream states may seem hazier, or have jumps in time, or just might not even make logical sense. Some may use these ideas as justification to say that they are not asleep at a given moment, however, the human mind is not perfect, and can be prone to doing any of the listed examples while awake, and more, which may also be experienced during dreams....   [tags: Epistemology, Mind, Dream, Truth]

Better Essays
1001 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Descartes 's Theory Of Geocentrism

- ... Using his newly acquired knowledge he shows us that space consists of three dimensions. The three dimensions help us grasp a hold of how the Cartesian coordinate system is designed. As an engineering student I have learned plenty of math, physics, and have seen Earth’s orbit plotted in a book. From Descartes I know that the Earth revolves around the sun and that the orbit can be mathematically explained with the help of gravity and data. Francis Bacon begins with what we know today as the inductive method....   [tags: Universe, Solar System, Gravitation]

Better Essays
1444 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Descartes: Knowledge is Truth

- Descartes: Knowledge is Truth With the emergence of the scientific revolution in the 17th century, views of society and nature were transformed throughout Europe. There were great developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, and chemistry. The world and its views were changing, and with that change, came a new change in thought, a new change in philosophy. Apart from ancient Greek philosophy, which was centered on finding order in a vast variety of things by searching for a fundamental amalgamating principle, Descartes sought to establish order via some fundamental division....   [tags: scientific revolution, astronomy, perception]

Strong Essays
1199 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Descartes ' Most Popular Theory

- One of Descartes’ most popular theory. is the distinction between mind and body. This is known as substance dualism. Substance dualism is a human being consists of two kinds of things that interact. Using this theory of substance dualism, we can explain why some people can experience excruciating pains and urges like the phantom limb syndrome. The article, The Itch, by Atul Gawande follows a woman who has a constant itching feeling in her scalp. Her life started out normal but after a few unfortunate events she now has “the itch”....   [tags: Mind, Perception, Cognition, Thought]

Better Essays
796 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes: Cartesian Dualism

- Descartian dualism is one of the most long lasting legacies of Rene Descartes’ philosophy. He argues that the mind and body operate as separate entities able to exist without one another. That is, the mind is a thinking, non-extended entity and the body is non-thinking and extended. His belief elicited a debate over the nature of the mind and body that has spanned centuries, a debate that is still vociferously argued today. In this essay, I will try and tackle Descartes claim and come to some conclusion as to whether Descartes is correct to say that the mind and body are distinct....   [tags: Cartesian Dualism, Mind-Body Problem]

Powerful Essays
1632 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Biography f Rene Descartes

- ... In 1628, Rene moved to the Dutch Republic where he lived for over 20 years. During this time period, he learned more about mathematics, utilizing his spare time. Rene Descartes published many works on philosophy and mathematics at this time. He also came in contact with the school of Dordrecht's principal, Isaac Beeckman. However, in 1630, the two parted ways as Rene Descartes charged Beeckham with plagiarizing his original ideas. Descartes decided not to publish his work “Treatise On The World” because he had heard of the censorship of Galileo's writings in 1633 by the Catholic Church....   [tags: cartesian philosophy, meditation]

Better Essays
866 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Weaknesses of Descartes' Arguments

- Descartes was incorrect and made mistakes in his philosophical analysis concerning understanding the Soul and the foundation of knowledge.  Yes, he coined the famous phrase, “I think therefore I am,” but the rest of his philosophical conclusions fail to be as solid (Meditation 4; 32). Descartes knew that if he has a mind and is thinking thoughts then he must be something that has the ability to think. While he did prove that he is a thinking thing that thinks (Meditation 3; 28), he was unable to formulate correct and true philosophical arguments and claims.  For instance, his argument for faith that a non-deceiving God exists and allows us to clearly reason and perceive was a circular argume...   [tags: Philosophy]

Powerful Essays
1636 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Objections to Descartes’ Interactionism

- In the following essay I will be offering some objections to Descartes’ interactionism as is primarily represented in his works The Passions of the Soul, Part I and Correspondence with Princess Elisabeth, Concerning the Union of Mind and Body. I will start by describing the basic features of how Descartes’ notion of interactionism works. Namely, that the pineal gland is the “principle seat” of the mind because it is the only singular part of the brain. The pineal gland also has a range of movements, which correspond to the body and to the soul to the capacity that it can be ‘thrusted’ by either the soul or the animal spirits....   [tags: the pasion of the soul]

Strong Essays
1423 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Appraisal of René Descartes

- In his works, Meditations on First Philosophy and The Passions of the Soul, René Descartes lays out his views on the mind. Descartes is a dualist, specifically an interactionalist, which is someone who believes that mental states and physical states are distinct from one another, yet still affect each other. This view, however, faces significant obstacles, to which Descartes believes he has an answer for. In this paper I will outline Descartes’ argument for the distinctness between the mind and body, explicate the problems his theory faces, and conclude that his dualist account cannot survive the objections....   [tags: Dualism, Argumentative Essay]

Better Essays
1201 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Who is Rene Descartes?

- Born in La Haye, France, which was later renamed Descartes in honour of his irrefutable ground-breaking work, René Descartes (see Figure 1) was an innovative thinker, often dubbed the father of modern philosophy. Having lived to the age of 53 (1596-1650), comparatively short to current times, Descartes certainly made the best of his five decades on this earth. He was educated at the propitious Jesuit college of La Flèche, where he studied traditional Aristotelian philosophy among other various subjects....   [tags: Biogrpahy, France, Innvative Thinker]

Strong Essays
1195 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Descartes Perception about God

- From Descartes' perception, nature is a depiction of God; therefore, God must fundamentally exist, to the extent that as he, too, is an outcome of His own creation. Descartes was one of many thinkers who fully braced this argument in support of God's actuality, challenging that the external world is the dominant force behind the existence of all persons. Descartes' claims, as depicted inside the scholarly borders of Meditations on First Philosophy, were created not in astrophysical or ontological quarrels but rather in teleological debate, to the extent that the philosopher thought that there has to be an all-powerful entity accountable for all the drive and command that is found within phys...   [tags: philospher, life, world, exist]

Better Essays
993 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes: Trouble Kid

- If we go back to school days and think about the “trouble kid”, the pal who make us get into troubles, the one who complicates everything, we could think about Rene Descartes in that way. Until his works, the world of philosophy was driven for a natural thought: we can think about things that we see and trust in our thoughts. The philosophy went from object that appeared to subject that thought it. After Descartes, there is a big turn, because after him, we cannot trust naturally in our mind, we have to put everything parenthesis, doubt about everything and we are the constructors of the reality, philosophy goes from subject who think to object thought, and this is a big problem....   [tags: subject, think, modern, problem]

Better Essays
755 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Descartes's Views on Skepticism

- To be a skeptic means that one disbelieves what others consider truth. For example, skepticism could apply to an atheist. Atheism is the non-belief in God, therefore and atheist would be a skeptic. Skepticism is a healthy attitude as one should question the ideas they are given, but they should not take it so far that they do not believe in anything. Descartes, says, “Several years have now passed since I first realized how numerous were the false opinions that in my youth I had taken to be true, and thus how doubtful were all those that I had subsequently built upon them.” (Ariew, pg 104)....   [tags: trust, conflict, unhappiness]

Better Essays
608 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes' True Intelligence

- The names “stupid”, “idiotic”, “dumb”, and “foolish” will all be heard eventually in a lifetime. When people misinterpret or not understand a topic, they are labeled with these names. Though, the truly “stupid” and “idiotic” people are those who possess brilliant minds, but do not apply their knowledge into their lives. On the other hand, the people who are certainly ingenious are the people who attempt to use their minds to solve dilemmas in the world, even if “the dilemma” was forgetting your lunch money....   [tags: knowledge, decision, wisdom]

Better Essays
855 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes

- René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye, France, which has been renamed after him, Descartes. He was the baby out of his three siblings. His mom named Jeanne Brochard had died before he turned one year old. His father, Joachim Brochard, a council member in the provincial parliament, sent his kids to live with their grandmother. The father left them with the grandmother while he himself remarried and enjoyed the bliss of not having children under his feet. He still was a stickler for a good education and having a legacy so he sent 8 year old Rene to the Jesuit college of Henri IV where he stayed until he was 15....   [tags: coordinate plane, skepticism, math]

Better Essays
908 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes: French Mathematician and Philosopher

- ... 9). Faced with the fact that he is capable of doubt, Descartes hypothesized that he is imperfect and since there is an order to the world and perfection outside of human existence, this is proof of an all-powerful perfect being, God. This six part essay, translated from French to English many times in its time since the 17th century, serves to preface many of the more scientific based works of Descartes (Kraus & Hunt, 2007). Descartes asks the hard questions in the reality of human existence in this most vital portion of the Discourse....   [tags: father of modern philosophy]

Term Papers
1852 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Descartes: A Paradigm Shift in Philosophical Thinking

- Descartes, often referred to as the “father of modern philosophy,” solidified his foundational role in abstract thinking with his work “Meditations on First Philosophy.” This piece sought to prove the existence of God, as well as provide a criticism of our epistemic standards and values. By undergoing a thought experiment that involved a form of methodological skepticism, Descartes attempted to analyze his beliefs from a clean surface, to see how many of his typical thoughts and beliefs he would be able to keep....   [tags: Meditations on First Philosophy]

Powerful Essays
1567 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Descartes"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>