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The Incarceration Of The United States

- The United States has the highest prison rate in the world at 724 per 100,000 people are incarcerated.(Borowski) With the immense number of criminals incarcerated, one would assume that the countries crime rate is extremely low. But, because a majority of these inmates are incarcerated for non-violent crimes, it is still embarrassingly high. On the other hand, there is no evidence or valid argument that the crime rate would be lowered if there was a mass release of incarcerated criminals. In fact, it is reasonable to suggest that the United States crime rate would rise if these criminals were released....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Incarceration, Recidivism]

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Parental Incarceration

- “Parental incarceration affects a large number of children” (La Vigne, Davies & Brazzell, 2008, p.i). “Most of {which} are young, low income, black or Hispanic” (La Vigne et al 2008). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S. prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as a criminal penalty (Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children whose parents are incarcerated, constitute one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S....   [tags: Parental incarceration, incarceration, parenting, ]

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The Effects Of Parental Incarceration On The Adolescent Population

- ... Various scenarios presented real issues that may directly affect the children’s schooling or create a shift in their school dynamics or settings; in addition to changes in the home. Additionally, the contributing authors offer suggestions to educators for fostering a supportive classroom environment for these children and their caregivers, including but not limited to; becoming educated about the issue, becoming self-aware of personal beliefs, accepting of children and caregivers, as well as including stories in the classroom setting....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Parent]

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Racism: Incarceration of a Household Member and Hispanic Health Disparities

- Many Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nation’s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarcerated are adversely affected due to the discrimination as well as the discrimination against African American students and their likelihood of going to prison compared to the white student....   [tags: discrimination, african americans, incarceration]

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Mass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- Mass Incarceration “Six million people are under correctional supervision in the U.S.—more than were in Stalin’s gulags.” To the editor: When Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his “I have a dream speech”, there was no way that he could have imagined that a new system would be born. Born from the ashes of slavery and Jim Crow, a new system of racial and social control; that would trap millions as second class citizens. A system known as Mass Incarceration. America 's current population accounts for approximately four percent of the world 's population....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Incarceration]

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America Needs Alternatives to Incarceration

- Clyde is your average American; he is a hardworking family man who tries to do everything in his power to make his family live happily. Due to the recent economic plunge he has lost his job and his wife is not making enough to feed their family. Feeling worthless and desperate to help his suffering family, Clyde decided to rob his neighbor. It was an unarmed theft of under $250; unfortunately Clyde was caught and sentenced to serve 1 year in the County Prison. Clyde never wanted to do it and was very uncomfortable doing it, but he thought it would help his family and allow them to go one more month with food on the table....   [tags: Time To End Mass Incarceration]

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The Incarceration Of High Incarceration Rates

- ... The War on Drugs implemented by President Nixon in 1972 set the tone for the National policy on illegal drugs and since it was set into motion, it increases the number of drug offenders in jails by more than 1000%. It is a good thing to incarcerate individuals that break the law however non-violent drug charges are not the types of offenders that need to be locked up behind bars when prisons are at maximum capacity as shown in California. What are the social and individual implications of the current drug laws....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Crime]

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Incarceration Of The Incarceration Nation

- ... The correctional population has grown by 700 percent since the 1700s, creating the epidemic of mass incarceration. This increase is believed to be the result of the required sentences correlated with the increase of crime associated with drugs (Shigekawa). About one-third of the 1.5 million Americans arrested for drugs spend time in prison. It is also believed that the increase of prisoners is caused by the new sentencing guidelines. These guidelines decrease the judge’s influence on if someone should be convicted or not and increased the length of sentences....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Mental disorder]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Incarceration

- Over the last few years, Nebraska’s prisons have become overcrowded by 150 percent (Mastre). The lack of housing for the state’s criminals has forced legislators to pass a bill that will lower several felonies to misdemeanors and shorten the maximum prison sentences. (Nebraska Legislature) This leniency could backfire and lead to higher crime rates, among many other issues. Overcrowding in the Nebraska system has become a major problem, but rather than “cure” the problem with clemency, there are other options to alleviate this problem, such as temporary prisons or better yet, stronger rehabilitation programs....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison

- ... Parent imprisonment also leads to their child in risk of a serious mental illness and can affect them in their child becoming school failures, underemployment and illegal drug use (Clear 1). 33% of black kids fathers did not finish school, which causes the number of black father that did not finish school to raise as their child follows in their footsteps. (Clear 2). Marriages are also affected by their significant other being incarcerated, not only the child of not having his/her mom or dad in their life....   [tags: Crime, Black people, White people, Prison]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison

- The cycle of unfair treatment also continues outside the prison walls as well. The rights of the released prisoners are few and the released are not even treated as citizens of their own country. After convicted, the incarcerated are stripped of their rights as citizens and in seven states 1/4 of the black male population is not even eligible to vote.In areas across the country, some ex convicts are not allowed welfare, student loans, public housing, or even something as simple as food stamps. The denial of basic rights contribute to very high rates of homelessness and suicide among released convicts....   [tags: Prison, Torture, Recidivism, Penology]

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Cost of Incarceration

- What is incarceration. Incarceration is the act of placing someone in prison. Incarceration serves as a punishment for criminals due to their actions against the law. It is a solution for keeping the public safe. Prisoners follow a strict rules and schedules while following the culture within the walls among other prisoners. As a result of their crimes, convicts lose their freedom and are place among others who suffer the same fate. Crime is the cause of this establishment, but what are the effects of incarceration on convicts, their relations, and society....   [tags: prison, punishment, law]

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Treatment or Incarceration?

- There is an epidemic of almost epic proportions in this wonderful nation called the United States. However, this epidemic is not only national; it is worldwide. And because of this epidemic there are other problems in society such as an increase in crime and prison overcrowding. The epidemic is that of Substance Abuse and Addiction. The penal systems of each state house more prisoners due to drug related crimes than any other. The statistics do not lie; they only tell the truth. Treatment instead of incarceration would be beneficial to the addict himself and to society as a whole....   [tags: Drugs]

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Alternatives to Incarceration

- ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION Valerie Hinton It is undeniable that mass incarceration devastates families, and disproportionately affects those which are poor. When examining the crimes that bring individuals into the prison system, it is clear that there is often a pre-existing pattern of hardship, addiction, or mental illness in offenders’ lives. The children of the incarcerated are then victimized by the removal of those who care for them and a system which plants more obstacles than imaginable on the path to responsible rehabilitation....   [tags: influence on families, effectiveness]

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The Criminal Justice Is The Incarceration Of Juveniles

- ... In 2010, only 1 out of 4 incarcerated youth were based on a violent offense (The Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2014). Incarceration should only be used to protect the public. Juvenile incarceration does not protect the community and substantially increases the risk of recidivism. When predicting recidivism rates, youth who have a prior detention are at the greatest risk; more than having a poor parental relationship, a gang affiliation, or carrying a weapon (Holman & Ziedenberg, 2006). Incarceration leads to poor mental health for adolescents and it decreases the ability for youth to complete school and get a job....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Youth detention center, Ethics]

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The Mass Incarceration Of Black Men

- ... Many of these individuals that are incarcerated will eventually return to society in worse shape than when they went in. Initiatives should be put into play for prevention. Studies have shown that an individual that is incarcerated for something minor has a greater chance of becoming an actual criminal or a repeat offender, than before they went in. In layman’s term, prison is a school for criminals. Both Jim Crow and mass incarceration have deep political ties. Both caste systems were born, in part, due to a desire among white elites to exploit resentments, vulnerabilities, and racial biases of poor and working class whites for political and economic gain....   [tags: Black people, African American, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of The War On Drugs

- Mass incarceration has put a large eye-sore of a target on the United States’ back. It is hurting our economy and putting us into more debt. It has considerable social consequences on children and ex-felons. Many of these incarcerations can be due to the “War on Drugs”. We should contract the use of incarceration. The past two decades have engendered a very serious and historic shift in the utilization of confinement within the United States. In 1980, there were less than five hundred thousand people confined in the nation’s prisons and jails....   [tags: Crime, Prison, United States, Violent crime]

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Incarceration Is The State Of Being Prison

- Incarceration is the state of being confined in prison. The United States incarcerates more citizens than any other nation on earth. As of 2015 the United States makes up 4 percent of the world population, yet houses 22 percent of the worlds convicted. Historically Americans have been accused of establishing an ascriptive hierarchy, but is that all it is. History. Incarceration brings to light the ascriptive hierarchy that still lives and breathes in our current society. The America we live in was built upon three guiding principles, liberty, democracy, and political equality....   [tags: United States, Political philosophy, Democracy]

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The Effects of Incarceration on the Family

- Introduction According to Bowen’s (2013) family systems theory, individuals in a family unit are all interconnected and the system is comprised of interlocking connections (Bowen, 2013). Consequently, whenever an individual in a family system is experiencing a stressor or problem the other individuals in the system will be affected by the stressor and will experience a change in the family system (Bowen, 2013). Bowen (2013) suggests that this family system can be used to understand the dynamics of the family unit and explains that an individual’s behavior has a specific function in his or her own family system (Bowen, 2013)....   [tags: Social Issues, Bowen Theory, Gun Control]

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The Effects Of Incarceration On Mental Health

- ... Many of the problems with inmates wanting treatment and medicine to help combat their mental illnesses, is many will over use what they are prescribed. Participating in daily activities is probably one of the biggest helps that inmates can have, but many refuse to do many of the activities that are planned during their sessions, or through the day. This can cause their condition to only get worse. Many of the issues can be solved, but inmates do not help their own case most of the time by causing trouble to get attention, not following instructions, or just laying in their cell being depressed....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Mental disorder]

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Impact Of Mass Incarceration On The Community

- Impact Of Mass Incarceration On The Community Mass incarceration can be defined as the incarceration or imprisonment of a large number of people. According to the Prison Policy Initiative blog (March 2014), the current rates of mass incarceration in the U.S are as follows: Local Jails has 721,654 inmates, Federal prisons 216, 362 prisoners and state prisons have 1,362,028 of prisoners. To have a better understanding, those in local jails are awaiting for trial while federal prisoners are in there because of drugs, weapons and immigration offenses, etc.; However, those in state prisons being the number of prisoners alarming are there because of murder, robbery, assault, public order, etc....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Prison, Sociology]

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The Good And Bad Effects Of Incarceration

- ... Most criminals usually pick the easiest way to succeed without law enforcement getting involved, for a lower chance of getting caught. So this being said, if we simply higher the rates of incarceration, maybe just maybe, there would be less inmates sitting in cells right now. The idea of incarcerating inmates for extremely long periods of time isn’t good for their mental health. The process is incredibly frustrating and can create a habit of thinking and acting dysfunctional outside of prison....   [tags: Criminal law, Crime, Prison, Criminology]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- In 1790, in the United States, was established the first prison, influenced by the religious principles of the Pennsylvania Quakers. This prison was an alternative to capital punishment. Other prisons followed the Pennsylvania system model, and incarceration became the center of the country’s criminal justice system. However, it was not until the 1960s when criminal justice systems started to experience a problem with overcrowded prisons throughout the nation. Overcrowding became a problem since of a “get tough” approach to crime....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- In recent decades, violent crimes in the United States of America have been on a steady decline, however, the number of people in the United States under some form of correctional control is reaching towering heights and reaching record proportions. In the last thirty years, the incarceration rates in the United States has skyrocketed; the numbers roughly quadrupled from around five hundred thousand to more than 2 million people. (NAACP)In a speech on criminal justice at Columbia University, Hillary Clinton notes that, “It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than five percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Drug addiction, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- “The United States is home to nearly a quarter of the world’s prisoners, despite accounting for just 5% of the overall global population” (Wyler). The mass incarceration of US residents is a stain upon our country 's reputation of freedom and liberty. For a supposedly free country with a democratic government it is a great concern that more than one and a half million people are locked up without any rights, only to be released after an extended period of time with a permanent black mark, stripped of all respect or any future potential....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Mental disorder]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Prisoners

- ... Building up the number of people incarcerated between prisons is what private prisons feels help makes a competitive marketplace efficient as well makes them a bigger profit (Aviram, p. 425). Private prison are motivated to lobby for more incarceration. This means overcrowding prisons because when privatization breaks down the market private prisons start to have less power. Because of privatization, which led to overcrowding, there has been many negative effects on prisons such as medical negligence....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Corrections]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison Boom

- I would define the prison boom as what it sounds like, the sudden incarceration of many people into our penal system in a period of time. It is like the baby boom, which is defined as a period marked by a great increase in birth rates. In the book, Punishment and Inequality in America by Western, Western brings to light many reasons to which the prison boom can be attributed to. Which would be the “mass imprisonment in comparative and historical perspective”, the growth of crime, increased incarceration of young minority men, and racial/class inequality (Western, 7)....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Criminal justice]

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Rehabilitation : A Secondary Goal Of Incarceration

- ... Imprisonment as a form of capacitation is widely recognized but lawmakers and the public. The concept of incapacitation has been a factor in the increasing prison populations across the United States. Mandatory sentences and three-strikes legislation have been responses to the public demands that offenders need to be kept separately from model, respectable citizens. It is important to acknowledge, however, that although it can be argued that incapacitation is supposed to benefit society, is it also being used to benefit the State economically....   [tags: Recidivism, Prison, Penology, Punishment]

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The Controversial Issue Of Juvenile Incarceration

- In every society, there are controversial issues that influence or are opposed by a significant number of people. They are controversial because they go beyond some individuals expectations, or they receive various opinions for different persons. Sociologists define the social issue as a condition of a society that is believed to affect a considerable number of individuals (Alessio 2). Good examples of social issues are body art, racial discrimination, hacking, juvenile life sentencing and anti-Muslim discrimination....   [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Penology, Murder]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- The High Incarceration Rates in United States Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation: The High Incarceration Rates In United States Introduction The United States of America Department of Criminal Justice has become under sharp criticism in the recent times. America takes pride in its global position of being the remaining superpower and having a strong influence in the world affairs. While this position makes America seem unique, accomplished and fully settled its internal affairs, internal affairs in the country seem to be getting out of hand....   [tags: United States, Crime, Prison, Criminal law]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- ... These cells however do not face out but rather face into corridors. This means that inmates in solitary confinement cannot see each other but can talk to each other. These cells are relatively small; measuring 6 by 8 feet and contain only the basics. There are metal toilets and sinks. The toilets are however on timers and this seeks to ensure that an inmate only flushes it when necessary. This also prevents instances where inmates will protest by flushing things down a toilet. The Secure Housing Units also have an exercise yard where the inmates get a chance of going there once a day(www.scpr.org/news/2011/08/18/28304/inside-pelican-bay-state-prisons-secure-housing-un) Being held under...   [tags: Crime, Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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On the Entrapment and Incarceration of the Victorian Woman

- Thomas Blackburn describes the two Victorian poets, Robert Browning and Alfred, Lord Tennyson as being great contemporaries (47). As such it is apt that their works should muse upon and explore similar topics and themes. Their connection is especially evident in Browning’s “My Last Duchess” and Tennyson’s “The Lady of Shalott”. The themes of entrapment and incarceration feature heavily in both of these works. Specifically, it is the entrapment and incarceration of women which pervade their respective compositions....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

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Incarceration as a Form of Punishment

- Incarceration is thought of as a positive form of punishment, and negative form of punishment. The opinion varies with the type of person, and their experience from jail if they have gone. Most inmates while in prison will tell you it is a horrible place that should be gone. That would allow criminals to be free and that would let them cause harm to others or other illegal activities. Incarceration was not designed to be a paradise, it is a detention center for the bad, and meant for them to be punished....   [tags: Inmantes, Prison, Criminals, Illegal Activities]

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The Incarceration Of The Correctional System

- ... Prisoners live in constant fear of gangs. Rival gangs often are sent to serve their prison sentence in the same prison. Some inmates have even reported that they are fearful to be in their jail cell with their cellmate due to the fear of being harmed or abused. Education is often lacking so many people choose life in gangs in and outside of prison.. The police are cracking down on gang activity outside of prison which has caused the gang rate in jail to rise 40% since 2009 ("11 Facts About Gangs")....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Crime, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration And War On Drugs

- ... Due to the fact they are label criminal, they now fall into this system or loop that hard to get out of. This causing them to sell drugs and start this process all over again How has the Drug War disenfranchised a large segment of the American population. Majority of minority have been place in this group or system that treated them unfairly and expect them to find their way out of a hole they didn’t dig. Telling them that because of the action and choice you made you know are label as something that has nothing to do with you....   [tags: Crime, African American, Black people]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison System

- In the U.S, five percent of the population is behind bars (Collier). State spending on corrections is estimated at $52 billion a year with most spent on prisons (“The Potential of Community…”). The reason for the U.S. prison population increase is because the courts are sending people to prison for more time and also because of the focus on drugs and mandatory sentencing for drug dealing and drug possession (Neyfakh). The U.S. Justice System imprisons a lot of people who could have been held accountable in the community like people with addictions or mental illnesses who do not have access to treatment in their community (“For Immediate Release: How to…”)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Mental disorder, Heroin]

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Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Incarceration

- Abstract The United States incarcerates more juvenile delinquents than any other country in the world. Sending the youth to time behind bars can have either negative or positive impacts on the adolescences life after spending years behind bars. Juveniles as young as 13 years old have been tried as adults. Many of them sentenced to spend life in an adult prison without the possibility of parole. Although the number of juveniles in adult correctional facilities is declining there are still a number of issues juveniles are facing within the system today....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Prison, Criminology]

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The Flaws of Incarceration in America

- The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for a number of reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime....   [tags: inmates, prisoners, drug crimes]

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Effects of Parent's Incarceration on Children

- Being the child of an incarcerated parent has substantial amounts of negative influences on youth today. As young children, many consider their parents as role models. Someone who they can confide in, someone who will preserve them, and someone who will guide them through life. For most youngsters having an incarcerated parent, means that their admirable example in life is absent. Not having a parent present in one's childhood leads to innumerable negative outcomes and impacts. Statistics have shown that one in every five children has seen their parent’s arrest....   [tags: re entry on childre, incarcerated parents]

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The Incarceration Of Prison And Prison

- ... Extensive research has been done on prisons and reducing recidivism. First I researched the use of indeterminate sentencing versus determinate sentencing and its effect on recidivism. The study I found most intriguing was on prisoners in 1994. It discussed how indeterminate sentencing was once the dominant method and how parole boards had leeway to free a prisoner based on his rehab. It then discussed how determinate sentencing began to become dominant. The study took several states that used both indeterminate and determinate sentencing and then compared it to the recidivism rate based on whether the parole release or mandatory release recidivated....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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Racialized Mass Incarceration in America

- In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities....   [tags: African American and the legal system]

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The System Of Mass Incarceration

- In today’s world the majority of people when asked would consider themselves racially accepting and certainly would not consider themselves racist, some might even use the term colorblind when describing their beliefs and behavior. This ideology stems from the subliminal messaging that government officials and white supremacists employ to coerce society into thinking that America is a ‘colorblind’ entity, where all racial barriers are dismantled (Study guide 16). This system keeps society segregated and traps African Americas and Hispanics in a second class citizenship (The New Jim Crow)....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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Incarceration Practices in the United States

- ... Males are questioned about their sexuality whether they’re gay or not and classified within the SNY. SNY stands for Sensitive Needs Yard, not only does it contain gays, but it contains men with sex changes, gang dropouts and child molesters. Race plays a role in segregation also because officer’s feel by placing inmates with their own race, instead of having prisoners go against each other; the prisoners can protect each other because they will have an understanding about each other’s race. Believe it or not, every prison has a set schedule that has to be followed by inmates....   [tags: prison life]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Crime happens to many people, many good people too. Over the years, incarceration has been becoming worse and worse, it’s a social problem that needs to be fixed. “Criminals” are sent to prison to be punished and to be prohibited from committing crimes again. And those who have gone to prison before may discourage others from breaking the law in order to avoid prison. Currently, almost two million people are in prisons and/or in jails and the majority of the people who are put into federal prisons are because of drugs....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Sociology, Crime]

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The Incarceration Of The United States

- Kristen Robinson 12/7/15 093 Ms.Golden Since the 1970s the incarceration rate in the United States has quadrupled; “1 in every 100 people end up in the prison system. Most of these people are men under 40, most of these men were african american.” “Taxpayers spend about 60 billion a year on prisons but commissary for inmates continues to inflate at twelve percent. While the federal minimum wage is seven dollars and forty five cents an hour prisoners make seven dollars and forty cents a day.” 52.3% of prisoners are incarcerated for nonviolent crimes, but these prisoners don 't get any benefits like medicaid because their dollars are not taxed....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Supermax]

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Incarceration of The Mentally Ill

- The United States criminal justice system has been continuously increasing incarceration among individuals who suffer from a sever mental illness. As of 2007 individuals with severe mental illness were over twice as likely to be found in prisons than in society (National Commission of Correctional Health Care, 2002, as cited in Litschge &Vaughn, 2009). The offenses that lead to their commitment in a criminal facility, in the majority of cases, derive from symptoms of their mental illness instead of deviant behavior....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Mass Incarceration in the U.S.

- The United States, a powerhouse in the race for evolution, a country that is an expertise in all known subjects and more. Though, America has participated in heinous behaviors that have been unknown to the general public, one including, mass incarceration. People in the U.S. confined in prisons or jails at a startling rate. [9]With America owning 5% of the world’s population, we also house 25% of the world’s prison population. That is approximately 1.8 billion people that we have imprisoned with us each and everyday....   [tags: government funding, penitenciary reform]

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Incarceration For The Young Offenders

- ... There have been so many concerns on whether it is a good idea on charging minors as adults. There are so many offenders in the prisons that began their time before they were eighteen. This is a big concern because even if they committed a crime they are young they really don’t know, so why charge them as adults. When they go in as young offenders is so much easier for them to stay in the system, so let’s help our society by helping these offenders and make them work for what they want. If we incarcerate them we are giving them everything that they need so why not make them work for what they want....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminology]

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Incarceration : Terms And Conditions

- ... In the 1970’s a rapid influx of prisoners into outdated facilities created policies of doubling up cells. This resulted in an increase in violence in the system which resulted in a need for more healthcare providers. Overcrowding violent offenders in unsanitary conditions with limited amenities led to a series of riots across the country that resulted to an increased need for prison reformation that came in small increments. Now with an influx of incarcerated individuals in an outdated system history is bound to repeat itself without redevelopment of the current system....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, United Kingdom]

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Mass Incarceration of African Americans

- “Until justice is blind to color, until education is unaware of race, until opportunity is unconcerned with the color of men's skins, emancipation will be a proclamation but not a fact.”(Lyndon Johnson). For generations in the United Stated, ethnic minorities have been discriminated against and denied fair opportunity and equal rights. In the beginning there was slavery, and thereafter came an era of racism which directly impacted millions of minorities lives. This period called Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system up in till mid 1960s....   [tags: Race and the Drug War]

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Alternative to Incarceration Intermediate Sanctions

- Introduction Alternatives to incarceration have been explored in recent years due to the overcrowding in the correctional system. Intermediate sanctions is one of those alternatives. Intermediate sanctions have long way been used in the United States due to the benefits and options that it offers from saving money to reducing overcrowding but it does, however, have its unfortunate faults. There are many programs within intermediate sanctions that work and some that fall behind. Intermediate sanctions is an alternative to the costly prison system but to what end....   [tags: overcrowding in the correctional system]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Imprisonment

- ... They are believed to be so successful because of how they treat the inmates. Instead of locking them away for a certain amount of time the prison and the guards work with the inmates to help show them why what they did was wrong. This teaches the person that it was wrong of them cause the harm that they did. This is proven when Vidor, a prisoner at Bastoy says, “They helped me to understand why I did what I did and helped me to live again”. (James) This type of teaching has allowed the prison to have a lower amount of only 16% return to prison in their lifetime....   [tags: Prison, Corrections, Penology, Criminal justice]

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Long Sentencing And Mass Incarceration

- In addition to long sentencing and mass incarceration, overcrowding is caused by the Truth in Sentencing Act. Although it is similar to long prison sentences, the Truth in Sentencing Act of 1984 makes it more difficult for prisoners to get out of prison early, thus creating overcrowding. This law demanded that prisoners must serve at least 85% of their initial prison sentence. Although not all states follow this, most do require that a prisoner spends a mandatory percentage of time in prisons (Mauer)....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Crime, Recidivism]

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Mass Incarceration Of African Americans

- Essay 1 Many people claim that racism no longer exists; however, the minorities’ struggle with injustice is ubiquitous. Since there is a mass incarceration of African Americans, it is believed that African Americans are the cause of the severe increase of crimes. This belief has been sent out implicitly by the ruling class through the media. The media send out coded messages that are framed in abstract neutral language that play on white resentment that targets minorities. Disproportionate arrest is the result of racial disparities in the criminal justice system rather than disproportion in offenders....   [tags: Race, Racism, Race, United States]

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The Incarceration Of Prison Programs

- ... Blecker (2013) explains that in prison; guards and officers are not responsible for the punishment of murderers or criminals because it is contrary to human rights and dignity. Despite the concerns expressed by opponents of rehabilitation programs in prisons are serious, they fail to discuss that many prisoners benefited from prisons that have rehab programs and becomes better than before. Seno (2008) shows that two inmates finished a rehabilitation program in the prison, and now they are Internet superstars....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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Incarceration Vs. Alternative Sanctions

- Incarceration Versus Alternative Sanctions Incarceration and alternative sanctions are both methods of reducing crime and recidivism. They are meant to be punishments for the offender and deterrents for other possible offenders. Incarceration is when an offender is placed in a jail or prison with time to think and repent on their crime. With incarceration the offender will suffer several consequences after their time is served, as Skye 's defines as deprivation of liberty, heterosexual relationships, security, services, and autonomy (Thistlethwaite 2014)....   [tags: Prison, Punishment, Penology, Sentence]

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Children and Maternal Incarceration

- Over 150,000 children in the United States have been separated from their mothers because of incarceration. These children face an extremely difficult situation. As the population of female inmates in jails and prisons continues to increase, protections will need to be put in place to preserve the mother-child bond during their sentence and in the process of release. Contact and visitation between mother and child can decrease the negative emotional, social and developmental effects that are caused by maternal incarceration....   [tags: female inmates, jail, prison]

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Prisoners' Lives after Incarceration

- According to N.C Aizenman of The Washington Post, “More than one in 100 adults in the United States is in jail or prison, an all-time high that is costing state governments nearly $50 billion a year and the federal government $5 billion more.” (Aizenman). But do we, as American citizens, ever consider how incarceration affects those who are released back into society. Many former prisoners face dire circumstances once released, such as finding gainful employment, housing, or reconnecting with friends and family members....   [tags: Criminal Justice System]

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America Home of Incarceration

- America Home of Incarceration The United States of America, the land of the free and the home of the caged. In 2008, it was reported that one out of every one hundred adults living in America are incarcerated in a jail or a prison (Pew). The City and County Jails and the Federal and State Prisons overcrowding problems are getting wildly close to crisis conditions. Statics show that by 2011 the inmate population in the United States will increase by a whopping thirteen percent, which are more than one million seven hundred thousand inmates that will be incarcerated in the United States (Statistics)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Drug Courts Vs. Incarceration

- Drug Courts vs. Incarceration Maybe Locking Up Drug Addicts Isn’t the Answer Within our society, there is a gleaming stigma against the drug addicted. We have been taught to believe that if someone uses drugs and commits a crime they should be locked away and shunned for their lifetime. Their past continues to haunt them, even if they have changed their old addictive ways. Everyone deserves a second chance at life, so why do we outcast someone who struggles with this horrible disease. Drug addiction and crime can destroy lives and rip apart families....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Addiction, Drug addiction]

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Immigartion, Incarceration and Deportation

- ... Human trafficking is one of the most heinous crimes that ICE investigates. In its worst manifestation, human trafficking is akin to modern-day slavery. Victims pay to be illegally transported into the United States only to find themselves in the thrall of traffickers. They are forced into prostitution, involuntary labor and other forms of servitude to repay debts often entry in the United States. In certain cases, the victims are mere children. They find themselves surrounded by an unfamiliar culture and language without identification documents, fearing for their lives and the lives of their families....   [tags: illegal immigration into the United States]

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Intellectual Incarceration

- Intellectual Incarceration As the landscape of education in America is constantly changing so too should the schools. Innovative and flexible school designs are paramount in the American educational reform conversation. School buildings are the tangible realizations of such reform concerns. Initially concerned with the quality of the learning environment, access to daylight and fresh air were the catalyst in a movement to improve the overall quality of education. While the reform movement has evolved to focus primarily on the student and their varied ways of learning, our schools are required to reflect such theories....   [tags: Education ]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- ... Mass incarceration outcome where racial ideology meets structural disadvantage, by embedding African American in a web of social and economic disadvantage, which are not experienced by other racial groups, regardless of their level of criminal involvement. Research shows that racial stereotypes play an important role in public perceptions of African Americans and crime. The interesting demonstration links between perceptions of race and support for punitive crime policies that result in incarceration....   [tags: Racism, African American, Race]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On College Campuses

- Introduction The nightly news of the last two years has been filled with stories of racism on college campuses, police shootings of black men, prison sentence reform, and the possibility of early release for nonviolent criminals. President Obama became the first president in history to visit a federal penitentiary when he went to the El Reno Federal Correctional Institution in Oklahoma in July of 2015. He spoke at Rutgers University in Newark on November 2, 2015, arguing for the elimination of the question on job applications on whether someone has a felony record....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism, Sentence]

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The Incarceration Rate Of The United States Of America

- ... Currie also pointed out that the war on drugs had a huge influence on the incarceration rate of African American inmates, “ between 1985 and 1995, the number of black state prison inmates sentenced for drug offences rose by more than 700 percent” (Currie 13). Some of these offenders were sentenced more than ten years without parole, which releases prisoners before the completion of their sentences. The government should reconsider the current sentencing laws and reform the correctional system to solve our current mass incarceration problem....   [tags: Prison, United States, Criminal justice, Crime]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- ... At the end of 2007, more than seven million people were behind bars, on probation, or on parole. Racial profiling is the use of race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed an offense. Racism plays a major role in the criminal justice system and the texts explains and describes how African Americans are the main targets in racial profiling and the mass incarceration rate. Chapter three starts off explaining the stories of Emma Faye Stewart and Clifford Runoalds who were victims of racial profiling....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Criminal law]

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Maternal Incarceration And The Criminalization Of Female Poverty

- 3) In Throwaway Moms: Maternal Incarceration and the Criminalization of Female Poverty, authors Suzanne Allen, Chris Flaherty, and Gretchen Ely specifically focus on mothers incarcerated for drug offenses. Furthermore, they discuss the negative effects incarceration has had on the relationships between mothers and their children. The article involves the interviews of 26 mothers incarcerated in a Kentucky prison in 2007. According to the authors, maternal incarceration is surrounded by a large number of issues and policies....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, African American]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- In recent decades, violent crimes have been on a steady decline however, the number of americans dealing with the americans justice system keeps getting higher. The incarceration rates in the united states has skyrocketed in the last thirty years. In a speech on criminal justice at Columbia University, Hillary Clinton says that, “It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than five percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population. The numbers today are much higher than they were 30, 40 years ago despite the fact that crime is at historic lows.” (washington post) How could this be....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, United States]

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The Argument Regarding Incarceration For Pregnant Women

- Introduction The argument regarding incarceration for pregnant women who are addicted to illegal drugs is closer to home than some may realize. Several states have already enacted legislation that can detain a mother for activities that may harm their developing fetus. There will come a time when this debate is brought to the Maine voters. The fight over this topic will be a difficult one because the people will find themselves balancing on a fine line over ethics and morals. This paper talks about health concerns for the mother and fetus, and the legal aspects of such legislation....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Drug addiction, Abortion]

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Japanese American Incarceration

- The Incarceration of Japanese Americans is widely regarded as one of the biggest breaches of civil rights in American History. Incarceration evolved from deep-seated anti-Japanese sentiment in the West Coast of the United States. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, pressure from the military leadership, politicians, media and nativist groups in the West Coast eventually convinced the President Franklin Roosevelt that action had to be taken to deal with the national security “threat” that Japanese Americans posed....   [tags: American History]

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Prison System Is The High Rate Of Incarceration

- There are many issues within the United States Prison System today. Two leading examples of what is wrong with the prison system is the high rate of incarceration and the unjust laws that help land people in our prisons. Unfortunately, over the years, there have been few attempts to repair these problems. Fortunately, there are several ways that we can address these issues. A major problem within the prison system is the high rate of incarceration. According to “Facts about the Prison System in the U.S”, sixty-six percent of released convicts will end up back in jail at some point in their life....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- In today’s society we would like to think that racism is a thing of the past, but how far have we really come as a country to completely end racism altogether. It has been 150 years since Congress voted and ratified the 13th Amendment to abolish slavery, yet there has been several systems put into place since, to establish and continue a racial caste system in the United States. Even though African Americans made progress in their crusade to have equal rights as their white counterparts, these systems that were put into place were designed to counter act any breakthroughs that were made....   [tags: Black people, African American, Racism, Race]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- ... 22). However, criminals are the one societal group that Americans continue to have “permission to hate” (Alexander, p. 112). In his essay, Jim Crow’s Drug War, Michael M. Cohen supports this argument when he writes that “At the root of the drug-prohibition movement in the United States is race, the driving force behind the first laws criminalizing drug use” (p 56). Cohen explains how Southern Progressives’ used image and narration to target African Americans as criminal public menaces. White employers in 1880’s New Orleans provided cocaine as a stimulant to African American dock laborers in order to help them endure the extreme exertion and long hours of loading and unloading ships (p....   [tags: African American, Racism, Racial segregation]

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The High Incarceration Rates Of African Americans

- ... Which is very similar today in which if a convict is even able to get a job up to 100% of their wages could be garnished.(Alexander,2010). Some from studying the course of African-American history what we see is that the high incarceration of poor African-Americans is essentially the new jim crow, we never ended racial caste we just redesigned it(Alexander,2010). It is evident that the prison system is the new jim crow by way of policy. Today it is legal to discriminate against criminals in nearly all the ways that it was once legal to discriminate African-Americans under the old jim crow (Alexander,2010)....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Black people]

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Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

- Under the auspices of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the permanent shut down of the infamous Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on March 21, 1963. An island located approximately 2.5 kilometers off the coast of San Francisco, California; the federal prison was home to the most notorious criminals for over three decades. The island also revealed to the world the unsettling state of circumstance the United States Justice and prison system suffers under in modern times....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System]

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Mass Incarceration : A Great Source Of Labor

- ... Even if a driver pass a red light by accident, they will stop that person and search for drugs, when they were only suppose to stop the person because he violated the rule. It is very critical and scary to be stop by a policeman, they are suppose to be the one protecting us, but they are putting us at risk at the same time. The fact that some people do not realize that, hurts. It is not normal, for people to be stop just because of the way they look. The police were train to target Black males, and put them behind bars, for things as little as carrying a cocaine....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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How Incarceration Affects Individual Level

- There are many different social problem that causes stress in the family, such as, divorce, same sex marriage, and abuse/suicide. One such problem is incarcerated parents and the effects it has on children. In fact, as per the National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated, at Rutgers University in Camden, no less than 2.7 million American kids and young people have no less than one parent in government or state jail (with all the more having parents and other relatives in nearby correctional facilities), and 33% of them will achieve age 18 while a parent is in the in prison (“Parents ' Incarceration”, n.d.)....   [tags: Mother, Family, Sociology, Father]

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America 's Highest Incarceration Rates

- ... The Huffington Post article “The Drug War and Mass Incarceration” by Matt Sledge focuses on the actual facts backed by statistics on the current state of prisons in the United States. This article also provides a video and image in order to give information about the aftermath of the drug war and what it meant for certain demographics and the United States of America’s prison system as a whole. “The Malign Effects of Drug and Crime Control Policies on Black Americans” by Michael Tonry and Matthew Melewski focused specifically on African Americans in the United States of America, the race most affected by the new policies of the drug war....   [tags: United States, Race, Black people, White American]

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Substance Abuse Treatment Instead of Incarceration?

- Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]

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The Benefits of Community-Based Alternatives to Incarceration

- As crime and arrest rates continue to climb, prisons across the nation, and even the world are beginning to experience immense overcrowding, placing a burden on both the prison personnel and inmate population. Nevertheless, this scenario is nothing unusual for anyone who has either worked some time for served some time in almost any prison. With most prison staff members suffering from high levels of stress from the unbearable workloads placed upon them, work conditions are starting to be considered near impossible, which is completely unacceptable....   [tags: Community service programs]

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2186 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

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