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Plato And The Ideas Of Plato

- ... In fact, it is mentioned that education can be key to the problems that plague society. However, education is beyond the idea of what schools and high level education can teach. One of the best ways that education can be used is for the guardians, to curve the natural tendencies of taking complete control over the citizens. Education can be used to shape the characters of not only the guardians, or those in charge, or others in the community in a better way. “The Idea of the Good—in light of which the soul’s good may be discerned, and by which all things become useful and beneficial—is thus not only the “greatest study” but also the one most indispensable to the welfare of human beings....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Cardinal virtues]

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Analysis Of Plato 's The Republic Of Plato

- ... This poses the debate on how societies are mandated, regulated, and governed. Who is there to maintain order within the general public, and what characteristics do they have that make them reliable overseers. This is where the virtues of character come into play for Plato’s defense. Plato introduces a new branch of people, the guardians. This diversion is created to divide society into the common people and those that protect and govern the common people. Plato later goes on to divide the group of guardians even further by dividing them into the soldiers, who protect the state and enforce laws, and the rulers who resolve conflict and decide on public policy....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Reason, Philosophy]

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The Republic By Plato

- The purpose of The Republic by Plato is to explain, define and seek the true definition of justice and highlight the flaws of the democratic political system. Plato constructs the argument that leaders of a nation (kings) should become philosophers, or philosophers should become kings. Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. The cave is depicted as a allegory that explains the path one has to take when it comes to education in order to achieve the ultimate source of good, knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- ... He was put on trial by Meletus, who he’s never talked to prior to this trial, and that Socrates believes has no true interest in Socrates or if he really has corrupted the youth or not. Socrates believed that Meletus was “vexed on behalf of the poets” (23e, The Apology). There were a few others accusing Socrates of corrupting the youth and impiety. Anytus was another one who, as Socrates says was “vexed on behalf of the craftsmen and politicians” (23e, Meno). And the last one was Lycon, who Socrates says he was “vexed on behalf of the rhetoricians” (24a, The apology)....   [tags: Socrates, Plato]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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Confusion And Plato

- Confusion Confusion plagues everyone in the world. Daily people are subject to struggles that involve them being confused and allow them to not fully take in what the world has to offer. Confusion simply put is the "impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state." With that said it is evident that many things a susceptible to confusion, and being confused. When reading Plato one cannot help to be confused, some confused on the general meaning others confused on the actual wording....   [tags: Plato]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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The Soul Stays the Same in Plato

- “I think, Socrates, he said, that on this line of argument any man, even the dullest, would agree that the soul is altogether more like that which always exists in the same state rather than like that which does not” (Plato, Phaedo 79e) In this paper I will argue that the soul is not necessarily unchanging and eternal, as many of Plato’s arguments would suggest otherwise. The main reasons in support of this claim are that there are questionable conclusions that Plato had reached that challenge the validity of his theory on immortal souls....   [tags: plato, death, eternal]

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Plato 's Version Of The Speech

- Plato, being an admirer and student of Socrates, wrote his version of Socrates’ speech as he defended himself in court against his charges of corrupting the youth, and impiety called The Apology. In comparison, Xenophon also wrote his version of the speech. Seeing as though each author has many supporting details that support their view as far as the outcome of the trial, Plato’s version of his apology may have been somewhat biased. Xenophon, on the other hand, was more at peace with the outcome of the trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Apology, Xenophon]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Plato’s Apology gives insight to the thoughts and workings of the brilliant mind of Socrates. Everything we know about the philosopher is through the writings and works of his students and followers (Dean, 2014). The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech Socrates gave when he was put on trial. This important piece of literature demonstrates the skill that Socrates possessed in rhetoric, examination, and improvised speech which aided him in disproving the accusations made against him. The Oracle of Delphi, a god, who by nature could not lie, proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest of men (Plato, trans....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy, Wisdom]

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The Philosophy Of Plato And Mill

- ... This means that a person is not compel to act on the opinions of others and he is in control of himself. Plato and Mill agree that a city ruled by the tyranny of majority is dangerous and often corrupt. Plato believes that democracy has many problems attached to it. He points this out by using the simile of the the ship to describe corruption in Athens. The ship represents the city. The captain is the athenian people who are big and strong but deaf and short sighted. This shows that the masses of the city are more concern about their short term future rather than looking at the big picture....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Belief, Epistemology]

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Plato 's Philosophy Of Education

- ... Where Power and Plato difference is, Plato believes that some literature should be censored absolutely and Power does not. Power says that literature should not be absolutely censored, but young children should be exposed to certain material with the right timing. Power compares censorship in education to young children being able to drive. Power says that no one disagrees that young children should not be able to drive until they are mature enough and this is the key to Power 's argument. He does not want education to be completely censored, but certain subjects should be taught when the child is mature enough to handle it....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Virtue, Education]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- Plato defines wisdom as the constant pursuit of knowledge in his dialogue The Republic Plato illustrates his idea of forms through an analogy, the allegory of the cave. In this dialogue, Plato exemplifies wisdom and inadvertently creates an analogy that is applicable to modern day Christianity. In Plato 's allegory, there are many examples of individuals who display the characteristics of one he would presume wise. In his allegory, there are two groups of people; those who are in the cave and those who are outside the cave....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato 's Influence On The Philosophy

- Plato has had a lot of influence on the philosophy that we have today. In this modern time we do not really have our own philosophy we are learning our philosophy from a guy that wrote it hundreds of years ago. It is really significant that we are still going with his thoughts on justice and things like that, but the ideas are a little old and not very well applied to the modern ways of life. I found this person who was writing about why Plato was wrong and she made some very good point in which the language and arguments make no sense and there really is no information there....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Ethics, Socrates]

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The Apology Of Socrates And The Republic Of Plato

- ... Even when we get the idea that he is trying to avoid a certain topic, Socrates always knows the right thing to say and the people around him never realize what he is actually doing. I feel like the whole book is proof of this; a conversation between Socrates and these young men about what justice is. He gives us the idea that he knows what justice is, but by the end of the book we never get a clear definition. Socrates clearly tells us what justice is not, but we never get a sense of what he thinks justice is....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Apology, Athens]

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The Allegory Of The Cave By Plato

- ... In his words, “…the power to learn is present in everyone’s soul and that the instrument with which each learns is like an eye that cannot be turned around from the darkness to light without turning the whole body” (Plato 5). He is really saying you have to be willing to break free from what is hindering you and start turning your whole body and not just your head to see new ideas. You will never know if something in the world is better for you, if you are not willing to take in new ideas and be more open-minded....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Learning, Plato]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- Plato who was a Greek philosopher and was the founder of the academy in Athens. Plato was Socrates student, but as education furthered, he began to form his own ideals. Plato’s Republic, translated from the New Standard Greek Text and an introduction by C.D.C. Reeve is the compilation of Plato’s teachings. An incredibly common concept that is discussed throughout the text is the idea of Justice and what it truly means to be just and to live a just life. Plato is asked to argue his definition of justice and explain why his definition is the correct one....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Justice, Platonism]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- In Republic book VII Plato explains his analogy of the cave (an analogy is a simple story that has metaphorical meaning). Plato uses the analogy to help describe his philosophical position on the main difference between the physical world and the World of Forms (WoF). He believes that his analogy could clearly explain to others why the physical or world of sense experience was nothing but an illusion; that true reality must be found in the eternal unchanging World of Forms. Plato’s analogy begins in a cave....   [tags: Mind, Reality, Epistemology, Plato]

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Censorship Of The Republic By Plato

- ... “At any rate, it ought to end where it has ended; for surely training in the musical crafts ought to end in a passion for beauty” (121). Plato believed that the arts should be banned from the society because people fight over beautiful things, art and music can be considered beautiful, and therefore people will fight over art and music. Even if this is true, this new city-state would be cultureless society. In the educational process of the youth, they would only learn the trade or job they will be doing for the rest of their life....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Democracy, Philosophy]

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Plato : Works And Contributions

- ... Even though many have been credited to him, “only thirty-six of his dialogues have been considered genuine by librarians and scholars “. (Taylor 11) Out of these works no other stand out as much as “The Republic”. The Republic, Plato’s most famous dialogue covers a lecture narrated by Socrates on the state of government in Greece. The dialogue covers two main questions, “What is the meaning of justice” and “Does Justice equal Happiness?” (Plato 20-21). These questions are elaborated on throughout the dialogue with several examples....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Greece]

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Plato 's Attainment Of Virtues

- Plato: Attainment of Virtues Attaining virtue is something that most philosophers did during their time. Philosophers employed a variety of definitions in order to define many of the issues their students and associates faced at different times. Philosophers like Plato and Socrates employed a quality approach that was to develop virtue in the minds and souls of their associates. The attaining virtue is the core subject that was to define the social, economic and political lives of the people. For example, attaining virtue in political democracy lead to the death of Socrates in the dialogue....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Ethics, Socrates]

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Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Socrates Plato, and Aristotle have had a huge influence on Philosophy is still incomparable, up to this day. From what I have learned in this course, I will explain how they have inspired, invented and even have changed many people’s view on life. One of Plato’s theories is his view on the universe, called Theory of Forms. According to Plato, we live in world that is constantly undertaking change. Plato says that nothing is ever permanent; people, animals and crops, and wildlife live and then die eventually....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Aristotle]

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Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

- Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot find happiness even in the best of situations. Candide travels the world in the attempt to become a man of wealth and power and reunite with the love of his life....   [tags: plato, socrates, sophocles]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In The Republic Plato constructs his argument through an analogy between a city and the soul on what justice means to him. The two main questions that drive the dialogue between philosophers are, “What is justice?” and “Is justice preferable to injustice?” Plato’s thesis of The Republic is that justice is about one’s inner harmony with the tripartite of the soul and this is seen through his analogy of the city. Instead of allowing equal value to each virtue, Plato makes the virtue of wisdom the most important, causing people who possess the other virtues seem less valuable....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Plato And The Modern World

- Plato, a philosopher born around 428 B.C.E, is held in high esteem for a few reasons, including being born into wealth and political power (Solomon pg 5). A product of ancient aristocracy, Plato descended from Codrus, a king of Athens, and Solon, a notable improver of the Athenian constitution. In addition to his family’s notoriety in their time, Plato created a famous Academy and produced a remarkable student scholar know as Aristotle. In the modern world, his ideas are credited as the foundation for widely held philosophical beliefs and political theory....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Soul, Socrates]

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Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Odyssey '

- ... While there are some obvious fallacies to those claims, they hold a modicum of truth for both that time period and our own. Anyone who thinks critically about the world and themselves will acquire some knowledge and wisdom upon their moment of reflection and deep thinking. The interesting thing about this is that a person does not have to be a philosopher to do this. All people that are born into this world are capable of deep thinking and in turn should be able to ponder the five questions of the world....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Knowledge, Homer]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Plato Theory of Recollection suggest that the process of learning is just recalling events that happen before we were born. Plato believes all knowledge we have is immortal therefore the knowledge is always there all we have to do is recall that knowledge. This views of Plato could be considerably true due to the vast amounts of knowledge are brains are able to retain. If all those memories pre-existed then our brains could have infinite potential. Since our soul is believe to be non-physical meaning it cannot die then ones our body dies our soul will still continue to live on with all the information we have learned in that life time....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- ... Once Socrates realized this truth, he began to infuriate many men. At his trial Socrates stated,”...I tried to explain to him that he thought himself wise, but was not really wise; and the consequence was that he hated me..I lamented and feared this: but necessity was laid upon me, the word of God, I thought, ought to be considered first” (Plato 5). Socrates clearly showed that he believed that he didn’t mean to make those enemies, it was just something that had happened along the way in his mission for his God....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, God]

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Analysis Of ' The Republic Of Plato '

- ... Polemarchus, Cephalus 's son interjects at Socrates claim. Calling him the “Heir of the argument” (331e) Socrates instigates with Polemarchus for further knowledge of his interpretation of justice while Cephalus is dissolved of the conversation. Socrates does not use a scientific method in his approach to test against such events that lead through his discussions with Polemarchus, Adeiamantus, or Glaucon in Books I-VI of The Republic, but attempts to build confidence within each party member that justice is truly good and should be practised even without conventional goods....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Lie, Justice]

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Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic. This thorough analogy covers many of the images Plato uses as tools throughout The Republic to show why the four virtues, also known as forms, are what create good. The “Allegory of the Cave”, however, is not one of the simplest representations used by Plato. Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....   [tags: Plato's Theories, Human Life]

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The Republic Of Plato : A Life Of Justice

- In this essay, I argue that it is better to lead a life of justice than a life of injustice. In The Republic of Plato, Socrates sets out to determine what justice is. He and a group of his peers discuss justice, its core tenants, and what it means to lead a just life. Socrates is then accosted by three of his peers. Their argument is that the man who leads a life of injustice will be happier, make more profits, and succeed in life more than the man who is just. Socrates argues each of these claims until his peers admit that they have been bested by his logic....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Comparing Plato 's ' Crito '

- ... There are three solutions to this. The first is to state that while Socrates may not advocate for civil disobedience, his actions, specifically the situation with the Thirty, imply that he could be a conscientious objector. This would allow for him to disobey the court’s order, for a higher calling (by this I mean an order from the gods to practice philosophy), while fully accepting the possible consequences of his actions. The second, and arguably the weaker argument, is to claim that Socrates took the order from the imagined court to be a suggestion or warning at best....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Appeal, Philosophy]

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Plato 's Criticisms Of Democracy

- ... As mentioned above, Plato views democracy as the natural progression of oligarchy. Since the rulers of an oligarchy are only interested in guarding and expanding their own wealth, they would be “unwilling to enact laws to prevent young people who [have] had no discipline from spending and wasting their wealth.” The undisciplined would then spend excessively until they are trapped by debts from borrowing from the wealthy rulers. As the rulers recall the loans they have made, “they themselves become even richer and more honoured.” Thus, “oligarchies [purposely and frequently] reduce people of no common stamp to poverty.” The impoverished and the disenfranchised would then resent “those who...   [tags: Democracy, Oligarchy, Plato, Aristocracy]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- In book 4 of the Republic, Plato establishes, through the voice of Socrates, his theory of the soul and how it encourages a person to act in a just manner as a just person will always be better off. Plato contests that there are at least three clearly defined and separate parts of the soul. The three parts consist of desire, reason, and spirit. Each of these aspects of the souls has a function and a virtue, and it is when theses three parts act in harmony that a person behaves in a just manner. This assertion is in response to Glaucon, who claims that acting justly is only to one’s benefit if one is recognized for one’s just actions, and therefore there is no inherent value to the individual...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Ethics, Morality]

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Socrates And The Republic By Plato

- ... For instance, the virtue of hedge trimmers is their sharpness which helps them to perform their function of trimming bushes well. Likewise, an airplane performs its function of flying well by its virtue of wings. Furthermore, glasses perform their function of enhancing vision by their virtue of lenses. Another example would be a flashlight which performs its function of providing light well by its virtue of a working light bulb. So as shown something performs its function well because of the virtue that it obtains....   [tags: Justice, Ethics, Soul, Plato]

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Plato's Criticism of Democracy

- Plato's Criticism of Democracy Do not be angry with me for speaking the truth; no man will survive who genuinely opposes you or any other crowd and prevents the occurrence of many unjust and illegal happenings in the city. A man who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if he is to survive for even a short time. (Apology 31e-32a) These are the words of Socrates, who spoke before the Athenian jury in the trial that would, ultimately, condemn him to his death. Through works such as the Apology and The Republic, we can see Plato’s distaste of the concept of democracy....   [tags: Plato]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art

- Is some art “better” than added art and, if so, by what standard. Is there moral and abandoned art, to the point that some art should be banned. Both Plato and Aristotle affected that art would be either acceptable or bad, depending on whether it led anyone adjoin or abroad from rational truth. In accepted Plato assured that art was bad because it led you abroad from the accuracy and played on your emotions. By adverse Aristotle anticipation art was acceptable because it led you adjoin truth. For Plato, art was bad because it was a archetype of a archetype of a copy....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Truth, Art]

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Socrates And Plato 's Philosophy

- ... As a result of this Meno says that Socrates has made him numb because he can longer think straight about this topic. A similar reaction to what the torpedo fish would create. This relates to what the oracle says about Socrates because Socrates it shows that Socrates really is the wisest person. Although he creates a state of confusion within Meno, it results in educating Meno that he does not know anything about virtue even though he thought he did. This relates to the fact that Socrates is the wisest because it clearly shows that many people claim to know about things in which they do not, while Socrates realizes he knows nothing about these things....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Plato 's Ideas On Democracy

- ... Therefore I agree with Plato because his points are valid in the sense that we live in a reality that we alter everyday with selfish decisions that we make to benefit just ourselves instead of the “good” for everyone. In regards to a transcendent good that we should all follow as a guide for making our ethical decisions both ethically and in politics is a little harder to apply. In society everyones guide for making ethical decisions is different, therefore I believe this is weakness because there will be a forever changing “transcendent good” when leaders change in politics and when people grow as individuals....   [tags: Ethics, Plato, Happiness, Aristotle]

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The Apology Of Socrates By Plato

- ... Socrates is found guilty and sentenced to death. He impassively accepts the verdict, because he believes that no one but the gods know what happens after death, so it would be ridiculous to fear what someone does not know. (The Apology) In a famous quote Socrates states, “the unexamined life is not worth living” (The Apology). What Socrates meant by saying that “the unexamined life is not worth living” is that, life is meant to be lived consciously and quizzically (The Apology). Living consciously in the philosophical sense means that only in attempting to come to know ourselves and to understand ourselves do our lives have any meaning or value....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Delphi, Apology]

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Is The Alcibiades, Written By Plato

- ... What Alcibiades truly desires is for his “reputation and your influence to saturate all mankind.”(105c 3) Socrates proceeds to elaborates that he want to be the philosopher king. He wants to the man behind the shadows exerting his influence on Alcibiades. Socrates asks Alcibiades to do him a favor and respond to the question that he asks. This sets the question answer frame for the dialogue. Socrates asks Alcibiades what he is going to say to the Athenian assembly. This bring upon the question of learning....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Question, Philosophy]

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The Apology Of Socrates By Plato

- ... The Oracle recognizes the wisest man as he who recognizes his own ignorance and does not believe they are the wisest. Socrates interviews a politician who “…appeared to be wise, [but] in fact he was not” (Apology 21d). The same politician claimed he was indeed wise, making him ignorant in the eyes of the gods. Socrates further argues that although both men might not be wise, but unlike the politician, Socrates recognizes that he is “…quite conscious of [his] ignorance” (Apology 21d).The politician along with other men whom Socrates’ interviewed are known as being double ignorant, which means “…not being aware of one’s ignorance while thinking that one knows” (Socrates I....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Fear, Argument]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection a plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. The general topic is Plato’s theory of recollection. Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, “As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the things it knew before…” In many of Plato’s wo...   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Soul, Phaedo]

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Aristophanes And Plato 's Apology

- ... The idea that philosophers challenge the status quo is brought up again when Strepsiades tries to convince his son to learn to challenge what is considered just through learning the weaker speech, so that Pheidippides may be able to weasel his father out of paying his creditors. Strepsiades says, “It is said that they have two speeches, the stronger, whatever it may be, and the weaker. One of these speeches, the weaker, wins, they say, although it speaks the more unjust things” (Aristophanes, 111-115)....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Aristophanes]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Plato’s Theory of Forms Plato’s Phaedo follows the last hours of philosopher Socrates’ life before his impending execution. Socrates’ followers visit him in jail to try and glean a few last pieces of knowledge from their beloved teacher. The crux of their discussion deals with the question: What happens to souls after death. Socrates attempts to answer the age-old question for his pupils before he finds out firsthand. In his answer, Socrates argues that the soul is immortal and to support this assertion, the philosopher presents four arguments to his listeners: the Argument from Opposites, the Argument from Affinity, the Theory of Recollection, and the Theory of Forms....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Soul, Immortality]

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Evaluation Of Plato 's Success

- As promised previously, I will now assess Plato’s success in his responses to the three difficulties. Books III and IV provide a response to the first difficulty: most people believe the origin of justice to be that doing an injustice is naturally good but to suffer injustice is bad, making it a fictional compromise. Foremost, Plato states that they ought to consider justice on a large scale before a smaller one because this will provide a clearer understanding for their “unclever”’ minds. He then states that since there is both justice in a city and in a single man, perhaps there is more justice in the large thing and it will be easier to learn what it is on this larger scale....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Soul, Virtue]

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Plato 's Views On Love

- A feeling that cannot be defined, an emotion that can only be expressed, and a word that is used in everyday life, is what we know as love. Throughout history, there have been many different opinions and interpretations of love. When a person is asked, “what is love?" many people find the answer more difficult to explain than they initially thought. The book Symposium describes love as, "the motivating force in all of us" (Page 11). The book also explains that Plato analyzes many kinds of love and one of those kinds of love may now be considered what one would call "Christian love." Christianity is a large influence on love today, particularly the fact that the Bible says God 's love is un...   [tags: Love, Human, Plato, Romance]

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Socrates, Plato, And The Nature Of Justice

- Socrates, Plato, and the Nature of Justice Justice is generally regarded as an important virtue. It is seen as the hallmark of a truly free and fair society, as well as one with a good sense of morality. The average person might see justice as a state where crime is not prevalent, and where individuals are fair and understanding towards one another. However, in order to reach a working definition for justice, one must consider its value and understand the components that make up a greater virtue....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Cardinal virtues, Justice]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's Meno

- ... A lot of us are like Meno. He is a student who thinks that he understands something, and is asking someone who 's very important in this time for verification and proof. He wants Socrates to believe in his own thinking as well. Socrates shows Meno that he doesn 't really understand what he asking or talking about, but more so just regurgitating something that someone else taught him. It 's much easier to ask for something from an elder or a teacher and copy exactly how they feel or believe. When needed, we can replicate those plagiarized ideas on the test or in an essay, therefore earning an A....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Question, Socratic method]

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Similarities Between Plato And Aristotle

- Keleah Johnson Dr. Greto PY 317 October 10, 2014 Compare and Contrast Many philosophers are well known for their stances or beliefs. One of the most well-known philosophers are Plato and Aristotle. Plato once being a pupil himself of Socrates found himself being a teacher to Aristotle. This is why both Plato and Aristotle cover most of the same issue topics and have direct contrasts on topics as well as similarities. Most of Plato and Aristotle comparisons can be found in their forms of “Problems of the universals” and Realism verse Idealism....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Psychology, Platonic realism]

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The Death Of Plato And Aristotle

- ... These claims were made based on the observation of human behavior, but this has not been backed up with factual evidence. How can one make a correlation between an individual’s own motives, without knowing their heart. One example that a person may use to support this argument is a person that makes a donation to their local Goodwill, and in return gets a tax write off for their charitable act. However, this is an incentive made in order to help those less unfortunate. So, why would this be seen as a motivation just for one’s own personal benefit....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Acts of the Apostles, Plato]

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Plato And The Old Oligarch

- Although democracy was meant for the good of the people, some criticized it as it did not really cover the interests of everyone. Plato and the Old Oligarch were some of the major critics of democracy, both Plato and the Old Oligarch saw democracy as unstable and detrimental to society. Plato goes on to provide his solution to democracy, Plato sought to replace democracy with a philosopher king. Aristotle on the other hand, doesn’t completely dismiss democracy, instead, Aristotle insists that a democracy or oligarchy be put into place with the majority of the body being middle class....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Oligarchy, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In Plato’s Republic, the main argument is dedicated to answering Glaucon and Adeimantus, who question the reason for just behavior. They argue it is against one’s self-interest to be just, but Plato believes the behavior is in fact in one’s self-interest because justice is inherently good. Plato tries to prove this through his depiction of an ideal city, which he builds from the ground up, and ultimately concludes that justice requires the philosopher to perform the task of ruling. Since the overall argument is that justice pays, it follows that it would be in the philosopher’s self-interest to rule – however, Plato also states that whenever people with political power believe they benefit f...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

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The Ring Of Gyges By Plato

- The story of the ring of Gyges comes from a small section in book two of Plato’s The Republic, in which we are shown that most people are just only unwillingly. The “Ring of Gyges” is a story that is written by Plato to enforce the reader to be able to evaluate his or her own sense of morality. It was originally produced to be a response to the dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus, in which he stated that justice is in the interest of the stronger, or might, is right. Glaucon was not satisfied with the explanation given by Socrates, as he believed that no man is so virtuous that he can be able to resist the temptation of being able to do as he pleases due to the power of the invisibili...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ring of Gyges, Law]

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Plato And The Spiritual Realm

- Plato believes in the absolute ideas, of the spiritual realm, and the belief of a higher power. Unlike Plato, Socrates, believes in the ideas on earth rather than the spiritual belief. This forces distance between Plato and the teachings of Socrates. Not only that, but also he believes that the ideal of society is the ideal of perfectionism in the spiritual realm. Plato’s views branch from the teachings he received growing up, and in growing up learning and interpreting on his own became key. Augustine believes in salvation and that is by God’s grace through faith that people are saved....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, God, Augustine of Hippo]

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Similarities Between Aristotle And Plato

- Aristotelian or Platonist Contemplating whether one is born an Aristotelian or a Platonist is no easy task due to the fact that one may seem to relate to both classes to some degree. In order to arrive at a definite assumption of which class I am actually a part of, I pondered the idea of myself in relation to the views of Aristotle and Plato. Since Aristotle was a student of Plato, there are definitely some similarities between the two. Both of them attempted to describe what it means to be virtuous as a human being....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Political philosophy, Socrates]

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Plato 's View Of Justice

- Plato begins to build this conception of the idea of justice in response to the challenge that Glaucon and Adeimatus presents. He takes the idea of constructing justice on the larger scale, in the city and comparing to what it would be like within the individual. In Plato ideology it is not possible for an individual to understand justice unless they fully comprehend their role in the community. He starts his city with division of labours, with craftsman and farmers. A community were everyone specializes in their trade....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Plato 's Life Of Excellence

- ... An individual born into the bronze class, comprised of craftspeople and commoners, is expected to act with the goal of money and commerce in mind. Their soul is characterized by “appetite” or ambition. Thus, a just man from the bronze class will act in an effort to secure money and personal wealth, “the iron and brass [bronze class] fell to acquiring money and land and houses and gold and silver” (The Republic Book VI) In other words, individuals in the bronze class strive to attain tangible items and fulfill material needs....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Knowledge, 21st century]

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Plato 's Demonstration Of Learning

- ... In “Affective Education or None at All,” Arthur W. Combs (1982) argues for affective education in schools by examining modern research that supports his position. One particular element of modern thought that he addresses examines learning and its meaning in relation to personal findings. Combs defines learning to be occurring when not only a discovery of fresh information is present, but when a personal connection to this information has been made. He claims that education is well known, historically, for being well-inundated with the practice of providing more and more information....   [tags: Knowledge, Meaning of life, Plato, Learning]

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Forms of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Love, in classical Greek literature, is commonly considered as a prominent theme. Love, in present days, always appears in the categories of books, movies or music, etc. Interpreted differently by different people, Love turns into a multi-faceted being. In Plato’s work Symposium, Phaedrus, Pausania, Eryximachus, Aristophane and Agathon, each of them presents a speech to either praise or definite Love. Phaedrus first points out that Love is the primordial god; Pausanias brings the theme of “virtue” into the discussion and categorizes Love into “good” one or “bad” one; Eryximachus introduces the thought of “moderation’ and thinks that Love governs such fields as medicine and music; Aristophane...   [tags: Plato, Symposium, nature of love, relationships]

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Plato 's ' The Crito '

- Plato’s work, The Crito, explores one of the last days of Socrates’ life. This work is set in Socrates’ prison cell, where Socrates is visited by his close friend Crito. Crito is overwhelmed with emotion with the impending loss of his friend, and is attempting to passionately convince Socrates to run away and avoid his sentence set upon him by the court. Crito presents many arguments that would be compelling to most men of his time. Socrates lays out the principles that he has chosen to live his life by and challenges Crito to convince him to leave after considering these principles....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Socratic method]

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Plato 's ' The Crito '

- ... The argument that The Laws advocate for are based on three premises. These are that Socrates had made an unspoken, social, contract to submit to the authority of the state, he had seventy years to form contempt for the state, and that if he did feel this way, he could have left when he was at liberty to do so before the crime was committed. Because he had agreed to this contract at birth, Socrates did have seventy years to deliberate over the contract he held with the state, and he chose to stay in the city, the argument that Socrates absconding from Athens after his verdict was announced is unjust is valid....   [tags: Law, Plato, Political philosophy, Justice]

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Plato 's The Apology Of Socrates

- Plato was the author of the Apology of Socrates, which was one of the four major works of ancient Greek literature. Though the title was the Apology of Socrates, the text referred to the defense speeches of Socrates against the Athenian council. At the end, Socrates was found to be guilty and was sentenced to death. However, the Athenian council was not acting justly because Socrates did nothing wrong as he had successfully developed a reasonable logic against the charges. I will address this notion through the analysis of the arguments and the logic that Socrates used to conduct his defense....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Question, Socratic method]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's The Book Republic

- In the book Republic, Plato is on a quest to define Justice as he builds the ideal city. His city is ruled by philosopher kings, the true rulers. Philosophers, in Plato’s opinion, are best fit to rule and judge because of their love of knowledge and wisdom. When arguing philosophers have the experiences of all regimes Plato says, “The philosopher to have tasted the kind of pleasure that comes from the sight of things as they truly are. ‘so far as experiences goes, then,’ I said, ‘he is the one who is in the best position to judge” (325)....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Oligarchy, Government]

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Aristotle And Plato 's Philosophy

- Aristotle and Plato both believe philosophy in their lives is crucial and necessary for a good life. Aristotle in book X of the Nicomachean Ethics had a long discussion of how contemplation is what leads to a good life. Socrates in the Apology says the unexamined life is not worth living. I would have to agree with them on this But why is it that they thought philosophy is part of the good life. In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle first talks of pleasure to lead to how contemplation is crucial and necessary for a good life....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle]

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Plato 's The Apology Essay

- In Plato‘s the Apology, Plato describes that Socrates is sentenced to death of the crime of “corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods the state believes in, but in other new spiritual beings” (24c). In Plato’s the Crito, Crito who is the faithful friend of Socrates is attempting to rescue him. However, Socrates still manifests that he will not leave Athens and he would rather take the death penalty magnanimously. The quotation of the Laws of Athens is the part of the conversation between Socrates and Crito under this situation....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Trial of Socrates]

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Plato's The Republic: Analysis of the Chapter Entitled "Allegory of the Cave"

- One of the world’s most revered philosophers, Plato, was born in 428 BC. As a young man, Plato, became a devout student of Socrates. Plato quickly adopted Socrates’ teachings and turned his studies toward the question of virtue and noble character. After the execution of his beloved mentor, Plato founded the first English university called the Academy. He wanted thinkers to have a place were they could word toward better government for Greek cities. Over the duration of his life Plato wrote many books, and his most influential work is The Republic....   [tags: The Republic, Plato]

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Historical Views of Leadership: Plato and Aristotle

- What is leadership, and how do we attain the best and most effective leaders. These are questions that are as old as civilization itself. Bass (1974) wrote that, “from its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders” (as cited in Wren, 1995, p. 50). Since the study of history in the West is commonly held to begin with Herodotus of ancient Athens, it is not surprising that we should examine the historical views of leadership through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle....   [tags: Leadership, Plato, Aristotle]

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Plato 's Philosophy On The Body And Soul

- ... Philosophers strive for knowledge throughout life, but there is only one time to gain pure knowledge, death, when the soul and body separate. He states “the one aim of those who practice philosophy in the proper manner is to practice for dying and death” (P 64 a). According to Plato death is the moment when the soul and body can finally be separate, he writes “Then and not before, the soul is by itself apart from the body” (P66 e). This idea explains that the body and soul are not one, but separate and that death is when this occurs....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Socrates, Philosophy]

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The Genius of Plato

- Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt....   [tags: Plato Biography]

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Plato 's Theory Of Knowledge And Opinion

- Plato believes there is two types of worlds that are of knowledge and opinion. As he understands, what is an every lasting reality is a true knowledge, which is the heart of what needs to be understood and everything people need to know. As he says for opinion, it will be only successful some times, as knowledge will always be right and successful at all times when implemented. An opinion for him has no base on true knowledge, but pure people’s speculations of their points of views. A true knowledge will never be influenced by any changes and it cannot be affected by anything; it will stand alone without changing....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Socrates, Epistemology]

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Plato 's Apology With A Personal Comparison

- ... This fortification of one’s values and opinions is crucial in any effective apology. I have seen this to be true in my own life as well; when I am trying to sustain a valid reason for why I do the things I do, the worst thing I can do is waver in my own personal beliefs. What we believe is a reflection of who we truly are. If we are unsure about what we believe , then doesn’t that mean that we are also unsure about who we are. If we are unsure about who we are, how can we ever defend ourselves....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Apology]

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1360 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Plato’s Theory of The Soul in The Republic

- Plato’s Republic introduces a multitude of important and interesting concepts, of topics ranging from music, to gender equality, to political regime. For this reason, many philosophers and scholars still look back to The Republic in spite of its age. Yet one part that stands out in particular is Plato’s discussion of the soul in the fourth book of the Republic. Not only is this section interesting, but it was also extremely important for all proceeding moral philosophy, as Plato’s definition has been used ever since as a standard since then....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Plato, Republic]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Nietzsche And Freud

- ... Thus education in The Republic, in following this sort of model, is sort of a process of revelation and discovery of these greater truths beyond the world of mere appearance and assumption (which the prisoners tied to posts inside Plato’s allegorical den believe to be real, when what they see are merely the shadows of the world beyond their cave-prison). In Euthyphro and Apology, we see this basic model of philosophical inquiry being applied in two, related but very different scenarios. In Euthyphro, Socrates engages a young lawyer named Euthyphro on the steps of an Athenian courthouse....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Logic]

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1053 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Dividing Lien of Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s allegory of the cave, located in Book VII of The Republic is one of the most famous allegories in which he has created. This simile touches base on a number of philosophical ideas which Plato developed over the progression of The Republic (Plato, G.M.A Grube, 1993), the most noticeable being the dividing line. The dividing line is the point between the world of ideas where we live and the world of the forms which is in the heavens. This allegory of the cave helps people understand the theory on which philosophy is based....   [tags: Plato, Allegory of the Cave, analysis]

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