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Violence in Prisons

- There are many reasons a person would not want to go to prison. One of the main reasons is the violence, and this violence occurs in every prison around the world. Violence can be attributed to rape, overcrowding, gangs and to the particular justice systems. These justice systems include such countries as Brazil where violent episodes that include beheadings have occurred. Much of the prison crisis has been blamed on delays in the country’s legal system. This is because of how inmates receive extended sentences and poor prison management....   [tags: legal issues, american prisons]

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It's Time to Privatize Colombian’s Prisons

- The involvement of the private sector in the penal system, prima facie, could be seen as a rapid and low cost, high benefit solution to the most serious penal system problems such as lack of prisons spaces, poor condition within the prisons, and the state responsibilities of running prisons services adequately, by the figure of prison privatization. (Cavadino, M. and Dignan, J. 2007) The figure of contracting out has been well described by Cavadino and Dignan in their analysis of the prison privatization....   [tags: Private Prisons]

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2574 words | (7.4 pages) | Preview

The Effectiveness of U.S. and Scandinavian Penal and Prisons Systems

- Joe is a prisoner in a United States penitentiary convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. Johan is a prisoner in a Norwegian Correctional Facility also convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. After eight years of serving their time in custody, they are released back out into society, the world beyond their prison walls. During the following month after their release, Joe has once again been arrested for assault and attempted robbery while Johan has started making a quiet living as a deckhand on the coast for a small fishing company in Kopervik....   [tags: Prisons Systems]

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3052 words | (8.7 pages) | Preview

Prisons Full to the Brink

- American prisons are being filled to the brink. With new prisoners being transferred in daily and few being released back into the world, it is no wonder why the most important issue with today's prison system is the mass overcrowding taking place in our prisons. Prisons in America are being overcrowded with small time criminals. The majority of the incarcerated is due to violent crimes. However, another large group of those imprisoned are the drug offenders that were convicted for either possession or use....   [tags: American Prisons, Prisoners, Crime Rates]

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Private Prisons Negativly Impact State and Local Governments

- Private prisons have a negative effect on states and local governments. Unfortunately, the number of private prisons has been increasing since their inception in 1983 causing further problems. For-profit prisons offer no real benefits and are bad investments for states. Furthermore, private prisons beleaguer communities with high turnover rates that hurt local economies. The demands of these institutions put an excessive burden on the local community’s infrastructure. Similarly, private prisons strain the county and city legal systems....   [tags: For-profit Prisons, Prison Privatization]

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3178 words | (9.1 pages) | Preview

Pop Up Prisons And The Prisons

- ... Ron Hubbard. Among them, Mr. Hubbard found that an element exists common to every criminal which is key to resolving the crime problem.” New research and studies has lead scientists and sociologists to believe that there is some sort of common element found in criminals. Studies and research trials have already shown this new program to be effective which means if we could incorporate this Criminon program into Nebraska’s rehabilitation system, the rate of recidivism would drop and there would be a substantially lower number of repeat offenders....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Penology]

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The Death Of Prisons And Prisons

- If you think back through history some people may think that prisons and jails have just always been there as a way of punishment for criminals but that is false; they have not always been there. In fact, prisons and jails were used just to hold people until their trial concluded and their actual punishment was determined; people were not separated either. It was completely mixed with males, females, murderers, and thieves. In the early coming of prisons and jails they were very poorly maintained causing many to die due to diseases spreading throughout....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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1327 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Prisons And Adult Prisons

- for youngsters who have a long history of convictions for less serious felonies for which the juvenile court disposition has not been effective” (qtd. in Katel). Housing juveniles in adult prisons, not as common but unethical to some and others see as necessary. Is the adult system more effective. “The adult system is overworked, overcrowded, overwhelmed, and there is no evidence that it is more effective.” “Housing children in adult prisons is simply wrong” (Roush and Dunlap, Juveniles in adult prisons: A very bad idea)....   [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Crime, Criminology, Prison]

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Private Prisons Vs. Public Prisons

- ... Inmates are offered better medical care, living conditions,and an effective rehabilitation program in private prisons. A well designed facility, greater operational and administrative flexibility, decentralized authority, higher morale, enthusiasm, and sense of ownership among line staff, greater experience and leadership among top administrators, and stricter “by the book” governance of inmates were factors that predicted a high performance of private prisons (Logan, 1992) Less red tape Since private prisons are not ran by the government, it is a lot easier to get things done....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Private prison, Corrections]

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- Prisons an institution designed to securely house people who have been convicted of crimes. These people are known as prisoners or inmates and are kept in an ongoing custody for a certain amount of time. The type of crime decides the length of the sentence. For some such crimes (i.e. murder) individuals may be sentenced to a lifetime imprisonment. In order for an individual to be incarcerated, they have to be accused of violating criminal law and then tried and found convicted in a jury of their peers....   [tags: History Prisons]

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Mental Illness Within Prisons And Prisons

- Thousands of people statewide are in prisons, all for different reasons. However, the amount of mental illness within prisons seems to go unaddressed and ignored throughout the country. This is a serious problem, and the therapy/rehabilitation that prison systems have do not always help those who are mentally ill. Prison involvement itself can contribute to increased suicide (Hills, Holly). One ‘therapy’ that has increased throughout the years has been the use of solitary confinement, which has many negative effects on the inmates....   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Prison, Mental health]

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1427 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Private Prisons or For -Profit Prisons

- Private Prisons A private prison or for-profit prison, jail, or detention center is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned by a third party that is contracted by a government agency. Private prison companies typically have contractual agreements with the governments that commit prisoners and then pay a per diem or monthly rate for each prisoner confined in that private facility. Private prisons have been part of the system for quite some years now, specifically for involvement in corrections....   [tags: company, pay, private, cost ]

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1203 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Prisons And The United States

- Between 1980 and 2014 the number of people incarcerated in the United States has gone up dramatically. Whether this is because of better policing, better law enforcement, more advanced forensic technology, or a more efficient criminal justice system in general, who knows, but this isn 't necessarily a good thing. This level of overcrowding is causing economic difficulties. On average it cost about $30,000 annually to maintain one offender within a facility, and when the prison population of the United States is considered that number is astounding....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment, Corrections]

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Private Prisons And The United States

- ... Indeed, the business flourished and expanded to what we know today as private prisons. The three leading private facilities in the United States are Corrections Corporation of America, Wackenhut Corrections Corporation of America and Cornell Corrections Inc. The Corrections Corporation of America was the first private facility to develop and their goal was to lease beds to the government because their prisons were over populated. “Nearly ten percent of the United States prison have been privatized, housing almost 200,000 thousand inmates” (Barber, Corrections Project 2013)....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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Should Prisons Be Privatized Or Not?

- Introduction In recent years, prison privatization has emerged as a prime example of the contentious division, or lack thereof, between public duty and private enterprise. Despite this, the practice has seen implementation all around the world, from the United Kingdom and Australia to most obviously in the United States, and even in Canada (Feeley, 2002). Levels of success vary, especially in the case of Canada, where efforts to privatize ended as quickly as they began with a return to government control (Gran & Henry, 2007)....   [tags: Prison, Penology]

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Private Prisons And The United States

- ... However, David Shapiro presents numerous points claiming the exact opposite. He argues that private prisons can impose additional costs to communities by obtaining subsidies, being exempt from property taxes, and receiving local services, like water and sewer services, that cost taxpayer money. In addition to this, Shapiro points out that in counties where there are privately ran prisons garnered limited benefits; a scant two dollars a day. A prime example of a for-profit prison harming a community is the story of Hardin’s empty prison....   [tags: Prison, Corrections, Criminal justice, Penology]

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Supermax Prisons: Harmful or Necessary?

- In the 1970s, prison was a dangerous place. Prison violence and the high numbers of disruptive inmates led prison authorities to seek new ways to control prisoners. At first, prison staff sought to minimize contact with prisoners by keeping them in their cells for a majority of the day. As time went on, the prison authorities began to brainstorm the idea of having entire prisons dedicated to using these kind of procedures to control the most violent and disruptive inmates. By 1984, many states began construction on super-maximum prisons....   [tags: reducing prison violence and danger]

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America Needs Private Prisons

- Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]

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The People Outside Of Prisons

- People outside of prisons may not realize what they have until it is all taken away from them if they commit a crime and get convicted. A lot of the issues they thought they had in society might transfer with them and get worse or they develop more difficult issues once in prison. Examples of these are: supporting oneself or others and the fear of violence is more of an issue, who can one trust, and what will become of them once they get released. In a society most people have jobs so they can support themselves and their love ones if they have any....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Attack!, Punishment]

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Texas Prisons And The United States

- Texas houses the largest prison population in the nation (National News). I am not surprised by this statement. I agree with Tarrant County Sheriff Dee Anderson’s statement, "Texas has always been a law and order state, and the prison system has been known as a tough system”. In my opinion, Texas has high crime statistics because of the high rate of re-offenders. According to the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, “four of ten offenders released from prison will be reincarcerated after three years”....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Capital punishment, Criminal law]

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1170 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Prisons And The United States

- ... An important connection exists between the concept of recidivism and the growing body of research on criminal desistance, considering desistance refers to the process by which a person arrives at a permanent state of non-offending. In effect, offenders released from prison will either recidivate or desist and consequently, to the extent that interventions and sanctions affect the process of desistance, the research overlaps (National Institute of Justice). Michael Sweig, an ex-lawyer, who gave up his law license voluntarily, pleaded guilty to a financial felony and served four years of probation, believes it’s the lack of education not the lack the jobs that fuels recidivism (Kazan)....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Recidivism]

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The Incarceration Of Adult Prisons

- ... He was only imitating what he saw on TV, which is common for kid. In this case, TV programs may be fake, however, some may seem very tempting to imitate or attempt, bringing thrill to a child’s life. In other cases, the juvenile’s actions are caused by traumatic events from their pasts. According to Lori Whitten from the National Institute of Corrections, “an estimated 90 percent of youth in residential juvenile justice systems report experiencing at least one trauma.” As explained by Julian D....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Childhood, Life imprisonment]

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The Drug Free Prisons Act

- ... [they] can [also] be ordered to provide a sample each month until three consecutive negative samples have been provided. [It can also be noted that] administrative sanctions [which can] include transfer to higher security, loss of temporary absences, or referral to a substance abuse program.” (MacPherson, 2001). The understanding of drug use often puts the blame and pressure on the addicts and users while they should be getting rehabilitative help in a relaxed environment, not in a hectic prison....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse, Prison]

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1418 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Substance Abuse and Prisons

- Substance abuse is a national problem. Prisons are overcrowded with these types of offenders. People will do anything to get these drugs ranging from petty theft to murder. People with substance abuse problems know no boundaries. All they think about is how they are going to get that drug for that day. Substance abusers do not care who they hurt or why they hurt them. A lot of people that are addicted hurt the people they love the most like children and parents. People in the prison system that has been convicted of violent crimes most of them say that they were under the influence of some type of drug or alcohol....   [tags: prison, treatment, addiction]

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Prisons Are Becoming Overcrowded

- In today’s world, there seems to be more and more people going to prison and staying in prison for longer periods of time. Many people are asking the question, with all these people going to prison, how can the prisons hold them all. Many people are getting longer sentences, which is one reason for the overcrowding of many state and federal prisons. Another reason that prisons are becoming overcrowded is the introduction of new laws. (Portland State University) When new laws are introduced, it may take some time for people to get used to these laws....   [tags: United States, U.S. state, Prison, Oregon]

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The Overcrowding of Prisons

- According to Mark Early, president of the Prison Fellowship International, the Bureau of Justice Statistics report shows that there are 19 states that have prisons operating at 100 percent capacity and another 20 are falling right behind them. There is no wonder why the overcrowding of prisons is being discussed everywhere. Not to mention how serious this predicament is and how serious it can get. Many of the United States citizens don’t understand why this is such a serious matter due to the fact that some of them believe it’s not their problem....   [tags: Taxpayers, Prisoners]

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1779 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Overcrowding During Prisons : Boon Or A Curse

- Overcrowding In Prisons Boon Or A Curse Introduction I begin by presenting a brief description of the historical circumstances, which gave rise to the overcrowding of prison in and all around the world. Next follows conceptual analysis of the causes of these historical circumstances and than we will be paying close attention to the consequences and solutions of the over population of the prisons. The increasing uncontrolled growth of prisons by the prisoners has received a huge amount of attention by the scholars....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Prison gang, Penology]

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Public Buildings And Prisons : A State Of Despair

- Historically our public buildings and prisons have been in a state of despair. I am not surprised to hear about the current dilemma we are faced with at this time. With the rising cost to maintain and repair the facilities and taxpayers not willing to pay more to house criminals, many states and correction facilities are looking at PPP or the privatization of Prisons to cure the never ending need for repairs, upgrades and expansions. A prime example is California’s prison crisis and the state’s ongoing budget crisis, which also demands immediate attention to reduce the unsustainable costs of existing operations....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Corrections]

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Juvenile Prisons Are A Less Punishable Place Than Adult Prisons

- This isn’t always true, there some horrible consequences because of it like suicide. “Juvenile jails are a less punishable place than adult prisons and are more forgiving” (Bechtold). When you start to treat a kid like how you treat an adult, when they come out they 're not normal because how people have treated them throughout most of their lives. research has shown that “kids develop better criminal skills when they 're incarcerated in adult facilities”(Bechtold). This is a big negative effect because this is why the US department of corrections say “in prison the reconviction of kids is from 14-17 years is 82.1 percent”(Bechtold)....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Assault, Capital punishment]

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Prisons Serve The Same Reason For Women

- Prisons serve the same reason for women and men, they are also tools of social control. The imprisonment of women in the U.S. has always been a different experience then what men go through. The proportion of women in prison has always differed from that of men by a large amount. Women have traditionally been sent to prison for different reasons, and once in prison they endure different conditions of incarceration. Women incarcerated tend to need different needs for physical and mental health issues....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Mental disorder]

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2271 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

The Criminal Justice System And Its Prisons

- Throughout Canada’s journalism industry, there have been many criticisms in regards to Canada’s Criminal Justice System and its Prisons. One of these criticisms is whether or not there is secret racial discrimination behind the imprisonment of minorities in Canada. In a National Post article by Jessica Barrett: “Covert Racism behind Increased numbers of Aboriginals and other visible minorities in Prisons, watchdog says”, she incessantly quotes Canada’s former correctional investigator, Howard Sapers (The Watchdog) and his belief on the secret racial prejudices within the Criminal Justice System....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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Prisons During The Us : The Need For Reformation

- Prisons in the US: The Need for Reformation A young male drops out of high school and pursues a life of crime, but he’s not the officer, he’s the criminal. After the man commits a crime that gets him sent to prison, perhaps for drugs or theft, he sits there for a few years making shelves for pennies an hour. He serves his time and leaves the prison behind only to wind up back in it, sentencing him to a life cycle behind bars. Many would question the man’s judgement, considering him merely an “idiot”....   [tags: Prison, Crime, High school, Criminal justice]

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Overcrowding Of Prisons During The United States

- ... most men who are released from prison, go back to that street life so that they can survive , they become homeless or the commit suicide .the Government also implement programs such as probation , in which most offenders violate and are sent back to prison." Incarceration has been the dominant form of punishment in American society for serious crime"( qtd James pitts). in order for the for this problem to be solve , the government have to first decrease the number of people they send to prion, because as of now the number are constantly increasing....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Incarceration, Criminal law]

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Prisons for Profit

- Prisons for Profit When the average person thinks of a prison, what is often the thought that comes to mind. Perhaps an environment of reform is envisioned, or maybe a place for punishment. Maybe someone sees them as modern leper colonies, where countries send their undesirables. It could be that prisons are all of these things, or they could be none. With these ambiguities in the general definition of a prison it is easy to say that the everyday person could have no real critical perspective on what they truly are....   [tags: military, complex, profit]

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1464 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Overpopulation of Prisons

- For the past thirty years, the prison population has increased substantially. The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) has documented that its population has increased 60 percent since the year 2000. Increases in inmate population are causing many prisons throughout the United States to operate over maximum capacity. Several jails throughout the United States have experienced protests due to overcrowding conditions. Many theories argue the reason of overcrowding and possible solutions. It is not my intention to prove why the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and jails like Metropolitan Dentation Center (MDC) are overcrowded, but rather how the over populated facilities affect inmates, corrections officers, and the...   [tags: Effects, Inmates, Officers, Taxpayers]

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Are Prisons Effective?

- Are Prisons Effective. Imprisonment; is it beneficial or non-beneficial. This argument is presented from the viewpoint of both sides of this issue. One group, "The Council on Crime in America", is pro-incarceration; while on the other side of this issue, " The National Criminal Justice Commission", is con-incarceration. Both sides have presented their viewpoints clearly and factually. Those who are for incarceration present their opinions in such a way as to sway the reader toward accepting what they say as the only answer to fight back against the growing crime rate....   [tags: Papers Criminal System Jail Prison Crime Essays]

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Deciphering The Federal Bureau of Prisons

- Standing as one the most dominant agencies operating within the criminal justice system, the Federal Bureau of Prisons is a detrimental factor that has proven to materialize the very aspects of which to expand the dynamics of maintaining care, control, and custody of federal inmates. Albeit as it may that the agency’s establishment fails to loom too far into the crevices of history, the Federal Bureau of Prisons has surpassed a multitude of platforms that has propelled its strengths today far beyond what its founders could have imagined....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Establishment of Needle and Syringe in Prisons

- Introduction The purpose of this essay is to indicate how the needle and syringe program in prisons will benefit the Australian government as well as the wider Australian community. As well as the maintenance of NSPs can be maintained while acknowledging concerns of those against it. Needle and syringe programs (NSP) are aimed at intravenous drug users, so as to prevent and limit blood borne diseases like HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. These NSP programs help drug addicts by supplying needles and also through referrals and provide education among other services....   [tags: Australian government policies]

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- Introduction Longitudinal research has been conducted comparing the rate of violence in male and female prisons. It is important to do research on this topic because it does not only lead to the conclusion of where is violence prevalent, but focuses on other aspects as well. It focuses on the psychological, social, and sexual side of the inmate. This topic does not only focus on who has the highest rates of violence, but why does that sex have a higher rate. This topic looks deeper at the differences between male and female inmates and what causes them to have high rates of violence....   [tags: Social Issues, Rates of Violence]

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2474 words | (7.1 pages) | Preview

Analysis of Personality Disorders in Prisons

- The overflowing prisons and the increase in diagnosis in mental illness, specifically personality disorders, relating to criminal activity suggests that our society and criminal justice system need to reanalyze and alter the psychological rehabilitation programs in order to effectively reduce and prevent crime. By analyzing specific aspects of prisons and personality disorders, we can objectively interpret the information for use in improving the criminal justice system. Concepts such as the prevalence of personality disorders in prison communities; the relationships between certain crimes and disorders, the idea of institutionalization, as well as possible treatments withi...   [tags: Borderline Personality and Criminality]

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2988 words | (8.5 pages) | Preview

Prisons : The Terrible Conditions And Poor Medical Supervision

- ... According to “Acquisitive Crime: Imprisonment, Detection and Social Factors", researchers concluded that an increase of just one month in the average sentence length in burglaries – from 15.4 to 16.4 months – would reduce burglaries in the following year by 4,800, out of an annual total of 962,700. One alternative to this issue would be creating job training programs or small camps where inmates could learn techniques they could use in the future. Job training needs to be offered in prisons to help prisoners start a career when they are released....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Penology]

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Should Prisons Be Dominant Over Public Facilities?

- ... An inmate that was interviewed described the fact that in state facilities there are more possibilities for work, and that there are more programs that are offered in a state facility. The inmates look for ways that they can better themselves for when they go back into the community. When the programming is not available the recidivism rates seem to increase because the inmates have nothing to fall back on when they get to the community. This facility is a Geo Group facility, and this particular organization seems to give back to the communities with its profits....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism]

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The Overcrowding of Prisons and Jails

- Prison overcrowding is a serious issue that is rapidly growing in the United States. Since the 19th Century it has been plaguing the criminal justice system and has rolled over to our modern prison system. Overcrowding is more complex than what people see on the outside looking in. There are multiple reasons that contribute to the increase population of inmates. Throughout the years, there has been an ongoing debate on what the causes are and how they can be improved. Since the early years, prison populations have been rising at an enormous rate....   [tags: War on Drugs, Cruel and Unusual Punishment]

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The Creation Of Prisons And Penal System

- The creation of prisons and penal system was meant to be used to create an institution to detere crime and create rehabilitation. The ideas put into this new institution did not try to fight crime but instead use the institution as a way of social control. Blacks and Hispanics have become the target of social control as a way to keep the whites and minorities segregated through legal ways. The book Assata an Autobiography, follows the story of an African American women’s struggle with the racist south as well as the inhumane treatment of the penal system....   [tags: African American, Black people, White people]

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Prisons Affecting Children 's Future IIi And II

- Prisons affecting Children’s Future III and II The United States reformatories have increase their size for over three decades. When you think about it, we live in a country where every person can be discipline for their own actions and can face penalties. The United States holds one of the largest number of inmates to serve in jail facilities. Overcrowding penitentiaries from lack of disciplining, while the governments make prisoners a priority over schools’. The governments are consuming a great amount of money, from taxes, to fund the prisons that are overcrowded....   [tags: Prison, Education, Funding, College]

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1418 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Sexual Abuse During Women 's Prisons

- Buchanan, Kim. 2007. “Impunity: Sexual Abuse in Women 's Prisons.” Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. 42:1, 45-87. Buchanan discusses how rape and sexual assaults has become so normalized as part of the culture within these prisons for women, especially for women of color, that these crimes often go unnoticed, unreported, and unpunished. The author blames these acts as consequences of the war on drugs and the targeting of black bodies as responsible for drug dealing and consumption....   [tags: Prison, Rape, Sexual assault, Recidivism]

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1298 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

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New Styles Of Prisons During The 19th Century

- During the early half of the 19th century, there were two new models of prisons being built in the United States. Along with the new styles of prisons being constructed, two new styles of correctional systems were developed, the Pennsylvania system, and the Auburn, New York system (Mays & Winfree, 2009). Although the designs of the actual prisons were dramatically different, both systems shared similar ideals, with regards to how inmates should spend their days. Ultimately, the Auburn system prevailed as the more popular system of corrections in the United States, with some of the system’s correctional philosophies being used well into the 20th century (Mays & Winfree, 2009)....   [tags: Prison, Eastern State Penitentiary, United States]

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The Most Famous Prisons And Can Be Visited By The Public Today

- ... In 1953, Congress had a bill passed saying Native Americans on reservations had to move to the cities. The Native Americans started to protest, and tried to take control of the island. On November 20, 1969, 78 Native Americans came to the island under the leadership of Richard Oakes, who is from the Mohawk Tribe. Native Americans said that a treaty signed with the Sioux in the 1800’s gave them the right to reclaim Federal Lands. They tried to claim the Rock as their own. Though they never got what they wanted and 20 Federal Marshals removed the remaining activist on June 11, 1971 (Stock)....   [tags: Alcatraz Island, Prison, San Francisco Bay]

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Prisons : A Part Of Society For As Long As It Is Faced With Social Enemies

- Intro: Prisons will be a part of society for as long as it is faced with social enemies. Incarceration is the state of being confined in prison, typically for committing a criminal act. Ideologies, resulting in a positive outcome, either for the individual or society, are what dominate the Canadian criminal justice responses to crime. These beliefs are enshrined in the Principles of Sentencing that are included in the Criminal Code of Canada. Section 718 of the Criminal Code states that: The fundamental purpose of sentencing is to contribute, along with crime prevention initiatives, to respect for the law and the maintenance of a just, peaceful and safe society by imposing just sanctions tha...   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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Privatization of American Prisons

- Introduction: In America today, there is a trend in corrections of taking the duty of running prisons out of the hands of state and federal authorities and contracting it out to private organizations. Along with the drift to privatization is a plethora of research pertaining to the subject taking many different approaches to analyzing the effectiveness. The majority of research focuses on one of three areas. The first questioning whether or not it is cost effective to make the switch. The second being the ethical problems that can and have risen from the privatization of prisons....   [tags: State, Federal Authorities, Private Organizations]

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Jails, Prisons, and Rehabilitation

- Prisons and jails are both referred to as incarcerations. A prison is where people get physically confined and lack personal freedom, and also those awaiting trails and those serving a term exceeding one year are confined here, while a jail is where inmates are housed prior to their trials on local level and those serving a term of one year or less. The society is protected from the offenders by them being confined in prisons, where their behaviors can be monitored, or they can be placed in community-based facilities which are secured and also offer an opportunity for the prisoners to acquire skills and knowledge through work related activities....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Jails and Prisons Comparison

- Prisons and jails hold some similar characteristics but are completely different models in which they serve in the criminal justice system. Some of the types of crimes that America faces today are: violent crimes, property, white collar or organized crime, and public order crimes (Worrall, 2008). The criminal justice system sets the regulations and policies of how an offender will be held accountable for their inappropriate actions. The criminal justice system is a process that takes time and money from society....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Increased Population of Prisons

- Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are enormous social issues for our government. The United States has seen steady growth in its prisons. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher, 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation, and the government had been tough on crime; this approach had resulted in rising prison populations. There are many factors that cause overcrowding prisons in the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Injustices in American Prisons

- America is a melting pot, as I’m sure you have heard a million times before. However, one place in this country where the minority group is comprised not only of one race, but rather multiple ones, lies in the America’s prison system. The majority of people in this country are free. As of 2009, the rate of incarceration in our country was 743 per 100,000 people, or 0.743% (“Incarceration in the United States,” 2014). In a country of over 300 million people, I would say that a group of two million people would constitute a minority....   [tags: minority groups, blacks, hispanics]

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Suicide in Male Prisons

- I chose the article, “An exploratory analysis of the Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale in male prison inmates” (Smith et al., 2013). In this article, a study is presented, in which inmates are given various scales/questionnaires to self-report life events that could cause them to contemplate or attempt suicide. “Worldwide, suicide is the leading cause of death in prison inmates and accounts for half of the deaths in prisons” (Smith et al., 2013). Due to there not being any studies on the theories behind suicide and prison inmates, this study used the Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale on a select number of inmates....   [tags: article analysis, scales, inmates]

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The Purpose of Prisons

- The Purpose of Prisons In prisons today, rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution are all elements that provide a justice to society. Prisons effectively do their part in seeing that one if not more of these elements are met and successfully done. If it were not for these elements, than what would a prison be good for. It is highly debated upon whether or not these elements are done properly. It is a fact that these are and a fact that throughout the remainder of time these will be a successful part of prison life....   [tags: Papers]

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Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit

- Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]

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Supermaximum Security Prisons

- The correctional system has tried to determine what the best method for dealing with criminals is, particularly criminals who are deemed to be the "worst criminal" type. There are two different models that have been suggested, the dispersion model and the consolidation model. To define it simply, the dispersion model "scatters offenders with unusually dangerous histories or disruptive behavioral patterns throughout the correctional system, thus avoiding a concentration of such offenders in any one location" (Hickey, 2010, p....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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America’s Prisons and Their Effects On Society

- Every civilization in history has had rules, and citizens who break them. To this day governments struggle to figure out the best way to deal with their criminals in ways that help both society and those that commit the crimes. Imprisonment has historically been the popular solution. However, there are many instances in which people are sent to prison that would be better served for community service, rehab, or some other form of punishment. Prison affects more than just the prisoner; the families, friends, employers, and communities of the incarcerated also pay a price....   [tags: law, police, goverment]

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American Intervention: Prisons in the United States

- ... In fact, as of right now United States is number one for the most imprisonments in every year. What other countries can do to help the United States is transport prisoners to ally countries so there can be room for more; monitor prison overcrowding, examine best practices, and look how to alleviate jail overcrowding. A major reason for overcrowding is the imperfections of the justice system. Prison overcrowding impacts all criminal justice systems. The Justice system, for all of the Justice it brings, isn’t perfect....   [tags: overcrowding, justice, criminal]

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Similarities And Differences Between The American Prison System And The Prisons System

- ... Thesis & Preview of Main Points: IV. Thesis: Comparing the policies and regulations in the American prison system to prison systems abroad to understand how their similarities and differences may contribute to the successes or failures of each system. A. First, I will describe the prison conditions in both American prisons and prisons abroad. B. Second, I will examine the various opportunities each prison system provides for their prisoners as a method for rehabilitation. C. Third, I will discuss recidivism-the likelihood of a past criminal to commit another crime in American prisons compared to that of international prisons....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminology]

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The Overcrowding, Gangs and Substance Abuse in Prisons

- The overcrowding issues in prisons, the gangs in prisons and the illegal drugs and substances. In this assignment, I will be discussing respectively in order on these three issues and what can be done to correct it. In additions, I will be discussing about what I would do to rectify these issues if I were in charge, I will be using my own ideas along with the researches from credible sources to support my ideas. First, I would like to discuss about the overcrowding issues in prisons. Prison is not a good and enjoyable place to be in a first place however, more people are going to prison....   [tags: correctional systems, criminal justice]

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Prisons May Cause Individuals to Reoffend

- Introduction Currently, statistics indicate that 60 percent of criminals have reoffended at some point in their lifetimes. Many argue that prison causes an individual to reoffend, however many oppose this belief and argue that other factors cause a high rate of reoffending. This controversial topic raises multiple questions regarding prison and its role in reoffending, as well as what other factors can cause an individual to reoffend. The question then raised is: “to what extent does prison cause an individual to reoffend?” This question will help to determine the major factors causing individuals to reoffend, as well as give insight into additional statistics related to the topic....   [tags: criminals, multiple crimes]

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Prisons and the UK Criminal Justice System

- The ongoing role of prison within the UK Criminal Justice System is becoming increasingly unclear. On the one hand in the 21st century, it is considered to be a “state strategy for crime control, a deterrent for those contemplating crime and punitive response for those who have broken laws”McAvinchey (2011 pg.10). On the other hand, it is also supposed to have a rehabilitative purpose, the intended role of a prison is to rehabilitate the offender so that when they have completed their prison sentence, they can be successfully rehabilitated back into the community and live a crime free fulfilled life....   [tags: crime, prisoners, rehabilitation]

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The Survival Game: The Solution for Overcrowed Prisons

- ... The next year when the other tributes are being rounded up the winner from the previous year will join them for another fight and if the same prisoner wins five years in a row he will be granted freedom and pardon of their crimes. One advantage of this bill is it will help get the nation financially. The government will be able to profit from the money that is gained from the yearly shows and off of the selling of the dead tributes bodies to zoo and cannibal tribes. Because the government will need someone to test the bodies for diseases, process and package the bodies, ship the merchandise, and set up the arena for the yearly survival games; this bill will create new jobs for inner citi...   [tags: convicts, body, advantage]

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Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

- Under the auspices of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the permanent shut down of the infamous Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on March 21, 1963. An island located approximately 2.5 kilometers off the coast of San Francisco, California; the federal prison was home to the most notorious criminals for over three decades. The island also revealed to the world the unsettling state of circumstance the United States Justice and prison system suffers under in modern times....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System]

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Recognizing Traumatic Brain Injury in Prisons

- Introduction Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is defined as brain damage resulting from open of closed head trauma where the former refers to a penetrating injury often from gun shots while the latter refers to trauma arising from an injury caused by a blunt object. Some of the general causes of TBI include motor vehicle crashes, blasts such as those experienced by military personnel, concussions suffered during sports and recreational activities and falls. Once a person suffers a TBI, they usually undergo personality changes where one is seen to be aggressive or irritable and these changes are revealed through explosive outbursts, which happen on minimal provocation or without warning....   [tags: open to closed head trauma, brain damage]

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Attica Prison Riot and Prison Reform

- We live in a society today filled with crime and fear. We are told not to go out after a certain hour, always move in groups, and even at times advised to carry a weapon on ourselves. There is only one thing that gives us piece of mind in this new and frightening world we live in: the American penal system. We are taught when growing up to believe that all of the bad people in the world are locked up, far out of sight and that we are out of reach of their dangerous grasp. Furthermore, the murderers and rapists we watch on television, we believe once are caught are to be forgotten and never worried about again....   [tags: Society, Crime, Fear, Prisons]

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Notorious Prisons Known As Abu Ghraib

- ... soldiers are convicted of crimes that were linked to the conditions within the Abu Ghraib prison. Conditions within Abu Ghraib ranged from sexually exploiting detained Iraqis, harassing detainees with dogs that where not muzzled, forcing detainees to masturbate while photographed or videotaped, male guards sexually harassing female detainees, etc. These horrific acts of improper discretion were demonstrated on behalf of the extent that the United States would go to during the exigencies of the difficult war in Iraq....   [tags: Iraq War, United States, Police brutality]

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The Incarceration Of The Prison And Correctional Facility : America 's Penitentiaries And Prisons

- ... While the quantity of ladies imprisoned is moderately low, the racial and ethnic inconsistencies are startling. African American ladies are three times more probable than white ladies to be imprisoned, while Hispanic ladies are 69 percent more probable than white ladies to be detained. ( “In New York, almost 120,000 black men between the ages of 25 and 54 are missing from everyday life. In Chicago, 45,000 are, and more than 30,000 are “missing” in Philadelphia. Across the South — from North Charleston, S.C., through Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi and up into Ferguson, Mo....   [tags: African American, Black people, Prison, Race]

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American Prisons For My Class Institutional And Community Corrections At Belmont Abbey College

- This book was chosen from a list of texts about American prisons for my class Institutional and Community Corrections at Belmont Abbey College. The author of this book has 25 years of journalism experience and now is a National Correspondent for Reuter’s news agency. He has done extensive work on the conditions of jails and prisons by visiting establishments and interviewing wardens, inmates, medical staff, correctional officers, and law enforcement. Gates of Injustice looks at two main problems with prison systems: they are too big and too abusive....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Penology, Corrections]

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The Public-Private Prison Debate

- California is suffering from a crisis in the prison system. Its facilities are operating at double capacity and " grossly deficient medical care" is the cause of at least one inmate death per week (Wood, 2008, para. 2). Because of this need for reform, the federal government is stepping in to direct the state prison’s operating procedure. Although the financial choices of each state should be free from federal control, the federal government is still known to put pressure on states to make decisions, especially when lawsuits arise....   [tags: Private vs. Public Prisons]

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The State Prisons Are Over Populated And How We Can Lower Those Numbers?

- Introduction In 1980 there were around 120 people incarcerated per 100,000 in state prisons now at the end of 2010 there were over 400 people incarcerated per 100,00 according to prisonpolcy.org. While the state prisons are quite literally over crowded I am purposing solution to solve this problem so that we can rehabilitate our prison population and keep people productive members of society. A question that needs to be answered is why so many state prisons are over populated and how we can lower those numbers....   [tags: Prison, United States, Mandatory sentencing]

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California Needs Prison Health Care Reform

- California, the Golden State, a place where people from around the world come to for the consistent sunshine, and fun-filled atmosphere. California is home to the largest prison population in the United States. There are now thirty-three institutions, which house approximately 170,000 inmates. According to the Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO), it costs taxpayers about $51,000 per a year to house, feed, clothe, and provide healthcare for each inmate. The health care costs about $16,000, which includes, dental, medical, speciality care, mental health, and medication for each inmate (LAO, 18 Mar 2010)....   [tags: prisons, healthcare]

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The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons

- The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons Abstract Privatization of prisons is not exactly a novel concept. The Federal Government has been contracting out such things as the building of new prisons, the operating of prisons, and providing goods and services to prisons since 2003. Some of the companies that the government trusts to do all of this are Corrections Corporation of America, and The GEO Service Group, formerly known as Wackenhut. Although the government sees this step as a cost cutting measure, this change has not come without its problems also its detractors....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Quality of Health Care and Services for the Mentally Ill in Prisons

- Only One-third of all mentally ill prisoners are treated for their illness or disorder as other mentally ill prisoners receive little to no treatment or even diagnosis at all. Another big problem with the quality of health care and services in prison for the mentally ill is insufficient supplies that are needed for these prisoners. In 2008, it was estimated that American's prisons cost over $50 billion dollars to run and operate, that is also the of year of the huge financial crisis. Health care has increased in price in prisons because of the increase of mentally ill prisoners that need much assistance in their illness or disorder....   [tags: no treatment, no supplies]

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Prisons in a Truly Christian Society

- Prisons in a Truly Christian Society There could be no such thing as a prison in a truly Christian society. People who would disagree with this statement would argue that there is no better way of punishing a person, and it is the lesser of two evils, we could give them community service, but then they would be liable to roam the streets. Prison is order and protection; it protects society from criminals and reduces crime....   [tags: Papers]

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The Need for Prisons in Britain

- The Need for Prisons in Britain The prison population in England and Wales currently stands at 71,800. According to the Home Office estimate this figure is projected to rise to 83,500 by 2008. Similarly in Scotland, which has a separate legal system and its own private service, there are similar pressures. Prisons can be successful in their four aims: retribution, protection, deterrence and rehabilitation. Reconviction rates are at a substantial low, but is that enough. Whilst compared with the problems facing prisons aquestion arises, 'is it really prisons Britain needs?' There are several other approaches to punishing, deterring and rehabilitating offenders whilst...   [tags: Papers]

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Private Prisons and Interest Groups

- Private Prisons and Interest Groups Privately owned prisons began to emerge in the mid-1980s. These prisons emerged because of the ideological imperatives of the free market, the huge increase in the number of prisoners, and the substantial increase in imprisonment costs. (1) Proponents of privatized prisons put forward a simple case: The private sector can do it cheaper and more efficiently. Corporations such as Correction Corporation of America and Wackenhut promised design and management innovations without reducing costs or sacrificing quality of service....   [tags: Papers]

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