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The Role of The Public Relations Professional

- Public Relations Interview Effective marketing strategies in health care are essential to the success of the organization. Marketing promotes the hospital’s services by endorsing its clinical expertise, its technology, its achievements, and its commitment to the community that it serves. The role of the Public Relations (PR) professional is an essential part of daily hospital operations to establish and maintain relationships within the community as well as deal with challenges and opportunities that face the organization....   [tags: Public Relations]

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1809 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Public Relations in Response to Crisis

- The aim of this report is to discuss an effective PR campaign for the established business Virgo. The report will follow Scott Cutlip’s four-step process as a structure that is important for Virgo in regaining its company’s profile. Defining Cutlip’s four-step process helps in the development of communication for the organisation to its publics. In relation, Virgo will add extension in the rebuilding of reputation through its aims and objectives. Using this process breaks down into situation analysis, planning and programming strategy, implementation, and evaluating the program....   [tags: Public Relations]

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3370 words | (9.6 pages) | Preview

Public Relations and Corporate Reputation

- As recent corporate events have made it clear, an organization’s reputation is of paramount importance to its success as well as survival. This is because the happenings leave the corporate credibility at stake while public mistrust spills over into investment markets. As such, there is a need to restore public faith. Reputation accounts for a large portion of a company’s market capitalization and is one of its most important long term assets. It impacts the organization in several ways including stock price as well as the ability to attract and retain customers and employees (Michael and Judy, 2008)....   [tags: Public Relations]

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Sovereignty is of declining significance in international relations

- Carl Schmitt once stated, “The protego ergo oblige” (n.d); meaning I protect therefore I oblige. This is the basis of a key aspect of International Relations: Sovereignty. Theoretically, it can be defined as the supreme power or authority. Sovereignty as a concept plays a critical role in maintaining international order however has been interpreted in several different ways; its context in theory and in reality. In order to appreciate Sovereignty, defining the term ‘state’ is essential. A state is essentially a structured political society, existing under a government....   [tags: Foreign Relations]

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The Plank Center And Public Relations

- The Plank Center has four major competitors, in which two are a direct competitors, the Arthur W. Page Center for Integrity in Public Communication and the Institute for Public Relations (IPA) at the University of Florida and the other two are indirect competitors, the Public Relations Society of America (PRSA) and the Communication Leadership Exchange. The Arthur W. Page Center is a research center apart of the College of Communications at Penn State University and is dedicated to the study and advancement of ethics and responsibility in corporate communication and other forms of public communication (Arthur W....   [tags: Public relations, Communication, Research]

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The Key Skills Of A Public Relations

- ... This communication could be done through press releases; however, James Brown said that verbal communication is just as important as written communication. At his time at Liverpool Community Trust, a previous PR intern had been nervous when speaking on the phone. He stressed the importance verbal communications can have, in this example he explained to the intern that this type of communication was more effective in that situation than emailing as she would have been able to find out more information that she could have in an email....   [tags: Public relations, Communication, Writing]

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The Role of the State in Employment Relations

- The 21st Century has witnessed Asia’s rapid ascent to economic prosperity. As economic gravity shifts from the Western world to the Asian region, the “tyranny of distance [between states, will be] … replaced by the prospects of proximity” in transnational economic, scientific, political, technological, and social develop relationships (Australian Government, 1). Japan and China are the region’s key business exchange partners. Therefore these countries are under obligation to steer the region through the Asian Century by committing to these relationships and as a result create business networks, boost economic performance, and consequently necessitate the adjustment of business processes and...   [tags: Australia-Asian relations]

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The Definition Of Public Relations

- ... Not only does public relations help communicate to an institution 's external public, but it helps keep their mission in line with their internal workforce. It is important to keep one 's staff up to date on an institution 's long and short term goals that might get clouded or overlooked with the rigors of the daily grind. This is imperative to keep the institution running on track towards their common goal. Fraser P. Seitel Defining Public Relations According to Fraser P. Seitel "public relations is a planned process to influence public opinion, through sound character and proper performance, based on mutually satisfactory two-way communication" (2004)....   [tags: Public relations, Definition]

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Globalization's Influence on Contemporary International Relations

- Globalization is a social process independent of man’s will. It is also a dynamic development process with inner contradictions and a dual nature. Although it provides a rare historic opportunity for many countries to develop, it also creates differences, competition and conflicts of interest. Globalization’s contradictions and dual nature also exert a complicated influence on contemporary international relations. While globalization deepens mutual dependence and further promotes this era’s trend toward peace and development, its nature of imbalance has led to the rise of power politics in the same period, complicating the process of multipolarization....   [tags: International Relations]

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Public Relations : Effective Communication

- PUBLIC RELATIONS 1 WHAT IS PULIC RELATIONS. 1.1 PR = EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION What is public relations. PRIA (2014) defined that it is the process to build, maintain and reinforce mutual understanding between an organization or individual and its publics by the designed, planned and sustained effort. Also, it can be understood as a practice of managing the flow of information between an organization or individual and the public.(Grunig& Hunt 1984) However, these two definitions cannot fully describe the term of “public relations”....   [tags: Public relations, Marketing, Advertising]

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History using in the bilateral relations

- Looking at Russia-Estonia bilateral relations and the political use of history, one cannot start before examining the Soviet occupations in Estonia and how the two parties see that history. Developments such as the end of the Cold War, the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, and the re-emergence there of pre-Communist and pre-Soviet conflicts, as shown by Karlsson (n.d.), have certainly stimulated historical consciousness since 1990. After the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian population faced a comprehensive identity crisis (Bagger, 2007, p....   [tags: International Relations, Russia-Estonia]

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The Career Of Public Relations

- ... Continuing with this topic, I did some research on the different types of PR I wanted to pursue. There is a wide selection of forms of public relations including: Marketing PR, profit PR, nonprofit PR, and campaign PR. I have a strong interest in nonprofit public relations. “Nonprofit organizations face many of the same communications challenges and opportunities as their for-profit counterparts, including competing for a share of voice in a media environment that is cluttered, mercurial, and non-stop” (Garcia)....   [tags: Public relations, Marketing, Public]

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A Research On Public Relations

- ... 36). According to Yin et al. (2012), in addition to managing problems or issues, the role of public relations (PR) employees is to help management to be informed and responsive to public opinion. Cutlip et al. defines PR as researching, conducting and evaluating, on a continuing basis, programs of action and communication to achieve the informed public understanding necessary to the success of an organization’s aims (p. 6). The Public Relations Society of America (PRSA), generally considered to be the largest and foremost organizations of public relations professionals, adopted a definition in 2012 that simply says, “Public relations is a strategic communication process that builds mutua...   [tags: Public relations, Communication]

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Relations Between Iran and US

- In 1979, protests erupted across the nation against the government of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. This was triggered by the domination of foreign policy, the exploitation of Iran’s resources and wealth by foreign firms, corruption and oppressive regime. The Shah’s government’s close ties with the United States and Israel, his oppressive methods and his program of Westernization were unpopular with the Iranian people. They therefore turned to the ‘ulama as an alternative. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in exile in Paris, distributed cassette tapes of his speeches to many of the partakers in the protests....   [tags: International Relations, World Politics]

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International Relations And Global Politics

- Perhaps one of the most frequently discussed topics in international relations today is the diminishing power of the nation state and subsequent growth of a global economy. Traditionally, the state is considered to play a leading role in global affairs; however, due to advances in communications technology and the expansion of international trade following the Cold War, the world has seen the establishment of an increasing number of non-state actors in global politics. The shift away from a state-centric model of international government has produced many positive changes to global politics, but has also highlighted many issues and challenges....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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1605 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Gender in International Relations

- Does A Gendered Approach Give Us A Significantly Different Understanding Of International Relations. By the late 1980s, academic scholars in the field of International Relations began to investigate how gender affected International Relations theory and practice. Gender is significant in International Relations because they are ‘essential to understanding the world ‘we’ live in’ (Young, 2004:75). One must emphasise on the term, ‘we’ (Young, 2004:75) as allusions of a world where men and women live in unison and that they shape the world we live in today together....   [tags: Feminism and International Relations]

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2664 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Media Relations And The Media

- 1. Media Relations (Body) For years media have been known for its intrusive methodology towards informing the general public of the up-to-the-minute news bulletin; conversely enough many would proclaim that the relations that derives from the media has been known to create tension and despondency as well as relief and elation. Media relations has a tendency to be viewed as being double-sided; that is because if used properly, it will openly reveal the importance’s of having a hospitable and plainspoken media relations; whereas the causative effects of negative media relations have been known to create animosity and argumentativeness amongst political viewers....   [tags: Public relations, Mass media, Communication]

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1359 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

India and Pakistan Relations

- India’s relation with Pakistan has definitely seen more low points than the high points. The bitter-sweet relation shared between the two nations has neither made significant progress nor achieved any major breakthroughs since its 65 years of Independence. Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root....   [tags: relations, terrorism, peace]

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877 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Journalism, Advertising, And Public Relations

- The development of journalism, advertising and public relations are in many ways codependent; without the other, these communication techniques wouldn’t thrive. Each empire is vastly different than the other but they all share an abundance of the same characteristics. By developing the fields from building off one another and utilizing technology, journalism, advertising, and public relations have professionalized themselves into successful and powerful areas of work today. Journalism relies on the media....   [tags: Advertising, Public relations, Mass media]

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The Field Of Public Relations

- ... I definitely have the ability to be self motivated, every job I’ve ever had I sought out on my own and I’m not afraid to work independently. My job in NKU Admissions has taught me to prioritize, which is the last required skill. Everyday there are always multiple things to get done and it is up to me to monitor the work of my superiors to know when they will need different tasks completed by me in order to successfully complete their daily tasks. Additionally, I’m more than willing to work the occasional night and or weekend....   [tags: Public relations, Communication, Full-time]

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International Relations And World Politics

- While much of the discussion on shifting world order is framed by debates on the decline of international power held by the West and the rise of developing countries as new players, the conceptualization of ‘world order’ used in this argument will not be concerned with changes to the position or power of individual states. Rather, the concept is used in a broader way in that the analysis instead focuses on general arrangements of power in international relations and world politics in a structural sense....   [tags: International relations, United States, Superpower]

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Role Of Public Relations With Internal Activists

- ... This is relevant to public relations practice because it is important to know how this study contributed to the public relations scholarly body of knowledge, as it will inform the decisions made by public relations practitioners in their work, by defining them as either internal or external activists. Without a thorough understanding of the role of public relations, as well as how it informs the other areas of the profession, a practitioner cannot hope to reach their full potential. Ethics and professionalism Reference 2: Fawkes, J....   [tags: Public relations, Public, Twitter]

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The Rise Of Journalism, Public Relations, And Advertising

- ... The press surrounded Oswald- the suspected shooter- after the assassination, which was the first time America got to witness a see-it-as-it-happens national news event (Rodman 2012, p. 308). Cable television came around in 1980; CNN was the first 24-hour a day news station. CNN was at its highest peak during the 9/11 terrorist attacks as they had nonstop coverage. Fox news was next; critics believe that Fox takes a more conservative route in their broadcasting. With that being said, Fox’s news peak was during the President Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky scandal- leading to Clinton’s impeachment in 1998....   [tags: Public relations, Advertising, Newspaper]

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International Relations Theory: Changes in the Hierarchy of International Politics

- "Should international relations theory be held accountable for explaining fundamental changes in the hierarchy of international politics and the emergence of new actors?" It seems absurd to answer that international relations theory should not be in the business of explaining fundamental changes in international politics. However, this response paper will argue on both edges of the question. First, it actually does make sense to attempt to hold as many things as possible constant, or as "givens" in attempting to craft explanations for events in international politics....   [tags: International Relations]

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Theory Of International Relations And Foreign Policy

- What is theory. Theories are statements that explain facts, events, laws, etc. Theories are invented to provide an explanation for a bounded realm of reality. Its assumptions are neither true nor false, but are judged on the theories explanatory power. Theories of international relations provides an abstract context upon which international relations can be studied. They are a means of answering the big question in international relations and foreign policy: Why do states behave the way they do in the international system....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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1126 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Understanding International Relations Through Level of Analysis

- Level of analysis discloses three different ways of understanding international relations. The System-level analysis considers "top-down" approach to study world politics (Rourke, 2007, p. 91). It emphasises that international actors, countries, operate in a global social-political-economic-geographic environment and the explicit characteristics of the system outlines the mode of interaction among the actors. The State-level analysis stresses the national states and their domestic practices such as national interests, interest groups, government, and domestic economy as the key determinants of the state of world affairs (Mingst, 2008)....   [tags: International Relations]

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Art Of Public Relations : Art

- Art in Public Relations All my life I have been very interested in art. But when I got into college pursuing a career in art was out of the question for my dad. Don’t get me wrong, I know he has/had my best interest at heart because not many people get a career in art even if they have a degree and if they do, they do not get paid a lot, not that I need a lot I just want to be able to support myself and maybe a family in the future. When I got into Ball State I originally was a pre-business major and I knew after my first business class that it was not for me, it also did not help that I would have had to take a few more math classes than I would have liked....   [tags: Public relations, Mass media, Art, Fine art]

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The Past and Future of Cuban Foreign Relations

- Cuban politics has long been defined by foreign relations. One of the charges of the revolutionary leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara against Fulgencio Batista was his support from the United States of America. Batista was part of a military coup in 1933, and became President himself by election in 1940. His party lost the next election in 1944 after which he lived in the U.S., gaining allies. On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing. His government was quickly recognized by the U.S., giving him legitimacy, which he turned into unopposed electoral victory in 1954....   [tags: US Foreign Relations]

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A Brief History Of U.S.-Cuba Relations

- 1810 American settlers in East and West Florida declare independence and rebel against Spain for control of land. April 28, 1823 With newly acquired land the United States has become to within 90 miles of Cuba. Secretary of State John Quincy Adam sends a letter to Minister to Spain Hugh Nelson speculating the likelihood of U.S. “annexation of Cuba” within half a century in spite of deterrents: “But there are laws of political as well as of physical gravitation; and if an apple severed by the tempest from its native tree cannot choose but fall to the ground, Cuba, forcibly disjoined from its own unnatural connection with Spain, and incapable of self-support, can gravitate only towards the...   [tags: Cuba-United States Relations]

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2889 words | (8.3 pages) | Preview

Public Relations Is A Persuasive Communication Tool

- Introduction The purpose of this paper is to define and explain what are public relations. First, this paper will explain how did it come about and what was the need for it. Second, the paper will describe how the public relations’ duties are organized and structured; and the services it provides. Third, it will discuss the relationship between the media and public relations. Finally, it will discuss the issues concerning professionalism and social responsibility. Public Relations “Public relations is a persuasive communication tool that people can use to motivate other people and institutions to help them achieve their goals” (Vivian, 2010, p....   [tags: Public relations, Mass media, Communication]

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Public Relations During The Middle East

- The public relations started in in the United States of America around 1916. According to Olasky, M. (1985). “the two inventors of 20th-century public relations were Ivy Lee and Edward L. Bernays. Lee named the field: by 1916 he was using "public relations" as a general phrase to describe his varied activities”. “Bernays named the job: in 1922, while Lee was still referring to himself as a "publicity advisor," "publicity expert" or "publicity director," Bernays was describing himself as a "public relations counsel”....   [tags: Public relations, Communication, Edward Bernays]

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The Ethical Implications Of Public Relations And Advertising

- ... They provide the information usually in a way to help the company or the client instead of thinking about the consumer. When media hits the topic of privacy it comes along with a debate because it is a controversial topic. For privacy it is something that means to have the right to be alone and in control of the unwanted publicity. The problem is that media works to not leave people alone. Some invasion of privacy is necessarily in the news-gathering process as well as in actors and recognized people....   [tags: Public relations, Advertising, Mass media]

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Media Relations Evolving Media Landscape

- ... This implies practitioners ought to experience broad media preparing, take part in deliberate checking of the different media stages, and enhance their written work abilities. It becomes clear and concise that for a journalist to be successful they have to have time management. Journalists stick to work schedules including due dates, distributed adjusted stories and reasonable and impartial reporting. To do this successfully, writers need quick and prompt data. In this manner, they acknowledge qualities like punctuality, obtainability and straightforwardness....   [tags: Communication, Mass media, Public relations]

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The Relationship Between Public Relations Professionals and Journalism

- Understanding the relationship between public relations professionals and journalists is of imperative vitality to drilling successful media relations. The extent of the relationship will be investigated to gauge discernments of the relationship for both journalists and public relations professionals. There has been little change in the relationship between public relations professionals and journalists in the course of recent years, and the following analysis will offer proposals in the matter of why that is the situation....   [tags: news media relations]

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Social Systems: Marxism Approach and Human Relations Approach

- 1. This Approach was developed by J. P. Dunlop of Harvard University in 1958. This approach, involves individuals who a part of a continuing independent social system. The behavior, actions, and roles of individuals are based on the culture within. There are three elements the systematic approach, they are; input, process and output. Society and institutions within this society creates the system which influences the process, which then determines the outcome or response of the individuals. This theory is based on the idea that individuals are shaped by society and societal factors (Humanresource.com)....   [tags: industrial relations, behaviors, actions]

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526 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

The Nation State Actor : International Relations Theory

- ... However, the nation-state is still prominent today and continues to draw attention. Nationalism, according to Mearsheimer, remains the strongest political ideology. Most of todays and recent past conflicts are clashes of nationalist ideologies: Ukraine, Palestine, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, and Sudan. As Mearsheimer stated, “the state is here to stay for the long term” (Mearsheimer as cited in Kreisler). While the structure of nation-states might be going through significant changes, it nevertheless remains the most visible actor in international affairs....   [tags: International relations, Sovereignty]

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Neo-Realism and Liberalism: Comparing These Two Different Frameworks Used in International Relations

- In order for countries to cohesively overcome international barriers, frameworks of ideal political standards must be established. Two of these frameworks constantly discussed in international relations are the theories of Neo-realism and Liberalism; two theories with their own outlook at the way politicians should govern their country as well as how they should deal with others. Neo-realism lies on the structural level, emphasizing on anarchy and the balance of power as a dominant factor in order to maintain hierarchy in international affairs....   [tags: International Relations]

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Public Relations Professionals Are Strategic Communicators

- ... Miranda Whitworth is the marketing manager for Kern Federal Credit Union. Whitworth manages the marketing department, and coordinates with vendors and staff to develop product promotions, educational events, and community partnerships. Whitworth does a little bit of advertisement, marketing, and public relations like Dillaway. Even though advertisement, marketing, and public relations are the main three pillars of IMC, marketing, and public relations are the two that encompass job. Whitworth promotes the service of Kern Federal Credit Union to a targeted audience as well as managing the relationship between the company and publics....   [tags: Public relations, Marketing, Public, Mass media]

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Early US-Chilean Relations and the War of the Pacific

- American and Chilean authors seem to coincide in their perceptions of US-Chile historical relations. Henry Clay Evans states that “Few countries have had more occasions to regard the United States with unfriendliness and to resent its policies” than Chile. In the same sense, Fredrick Pike has analyzed the historical Chilean Anti-Americanism, and William Sater has depicted the US-Chile relation as a conflict between two imperialistic projects. In a similar way, Heraldo Muñoz and Carlos Portales (Chilean authors) state that US-Chilean relations “have been marked preferably by signs of divergence.” According to them, tension and disputes between both countries have been more common than agreeme...   [tags: politics, international relations]

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1019 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

International Relations: Japan’s Engagement with China, 1990-2010

- Introduction The study of international relations rests on the premise that there is always a sensible way of explaining a nation’s grand strategy, for they would not survive otherwise. From the Classical Period to the Middle Ages, from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century, historians, statesman, and political theorists have attempted to provide reason and understanding behind the decisions made by nation-states. More often than not, whether through realism or liberalism, through social constructivism or even Marxism, the theories of international relations have been able to define the guidelines for decision-making....   [tags: Diplomacy, international relations]

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Trade Relations of the US and China in the Last Four Decades

- The United States and Chinese trade relation dates back in the year 1971 when these two countries re-opened doors to each other (DoS). Though the relationship of these two economies has been seen to be somewhat un-easy especially due to their recurring trade wars, there have been some significant milestones of mutually beneficial relationship. According to USSB, the trading volume from the year 1971 has significantly been on the rise both in terms of Exports and imports; up to to levels of US Dollars 532.2 Billion in 2012 from a low of US Dollars 4.7 in million in 1972....   [tags: globalization, commercial relations]

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The Present-day State of Muslim-Western Relations

- This essay reflects my research and participation towards our collaborative project/presentation, and outlines the focus and arguments of the group presentation. At first, my group members and I chose to do our group presentation on the relationship between the West and the Muslim world, particularly the causes of why it's such an uneasy relationship, and how fantasy plays a part. We were planning on discussing “Park51”, as it's a current event and a good indicator of the present-day state of Muslim-Western relations....   [tags: Muslim-Western Relations]

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1311 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Chinese-Australian Relations

- Analyzing the Chinese-Australian relations through a realist and a liberal perspective provides insight on the underlying tensions and possible future outcomes of the relationship between these two nations. First let us look at the relations through a realist lens. Realists put the emphasis on the state as a main actor. When considering this the realist would perhaps say that the Australia-China relationship is primarily derived from individual state actions as opposed to outside influence. China needed resources and Australia needed capital....   [tags: International Relations]

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Norman Bethune's Impact on Sino-Canadian Relations

- In today’s rapidly growing global society, foreign relations with other countries are imperative to a nation’s prosperity and world-wide harmony. Especially with China, the fastest growing country in the world, it is important for Canada to establish relations that can benefit both countries. The foundation of these Sino-Canadian relations was created by Norman Bethune’s involvement in the Second Sino-Japanese War. China was not always such a flourishing and prosperous society. In 1937, during this war, Japan invaded China with imperialist objectives....   [tags: Global Society, Foreign Relations, Prosperity]

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US-Japan Relations

- “For more than 50 years, the alliance between Japan and the United States has been the cornerstone of security in the Asia Pacific region” (Clinton, 2011). In its fiftieth anniversary, the alliance faced a tumultuous year, but appears to have recovered following North Korea’s shelling of Yeonyeong Island, the arrest of a Chinese captain following a collision with a Japanese Coast Guard ship, and the collective joint effort after the devastating earthquake and tsunami on March 11 dubbed Operation Tomodachi....   [tags: Foreign Relations]

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A Successful Career in Public Relations

- A Successful Career in Public Relations What is Public Relations. Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and the public. PR aims to gain an organization or individual positive exposure to their key stakeholders, while downplaying any negative exposures. Edward Louis Bernays, who is considered the founding father of modern public relations along with Ivy Lee, in the early 1900s defined public relations as a management function which tabulates public attitudes, defines the policies, procedures and in...   [tags: PR Public Relations Career]

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941 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Best Theory of Industrial Relations

- The Best Theory of Industrial Relations There are many different approaches and theories regarding industrial relations nowadays. In order to mount an opinion on which is the ‘best’ or most appropriate theory of industrial relations, each theory will have to be analyzed. The three most prevalent theories of industrial relations which exist are The Unitarist theory, The Pluralist theory and The Marxist theory. Each offers a particular perception of workplace relations and will therefore interpret such events as workplace conflict, the role of trade unions and job regulation very differently....   [tags: Employee Relations Communication ]

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1375 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Moss Kendrix the Public Relations Specialist

- Moss Kendrix This person's name is Moss Kendrix. He was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1917ause he is a public relations pioneer. As you can see he is a black man, and exactly because of this he designed countless public relations campaigns, which were aimed at the African- American population in the United States. He worked for news organizations and corporate clients like Ford Motor Company, Carnation, and Coca-Cola. He explained his corporate clients the importance of the buying power of African- Americans....   [tags: Public Relations]

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1079 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Race Relations Between African Americans and Whites Following Reconstruction

- Following what was arguably the most turbulent time in American history; Reconstruction had far-reaching effects on a number of areas of life in the United States. In the Deep South, one of the clearest impacts could be seen on racial relations, specifically between whites and newly-freed African Americans. Legally, dramatic changes had been made at the federal level, providing African Americans with a host of rights that had never been offered them before. It was no wonder, then, that former slave owners in the South rejected these changes and rights, taking whatever steps necessary to keep African Americans down....   [tags: Racial Relations in the Deep South]

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Critical Review: Bradley A. Thayer, Bring in Darwin: Evolutionary theory, Realism, and International Relations

- In Thayer’s article, he makes an attempt to incorporate Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory into the international security studies. The article tries to answer a central question that what are the implications of Evolutionary theory to realist theory of international security and in what way can peace be achieved if warfare is part of human nature. This paper agrees with Thayer that Evolutionary theory provides a scientific theory foundation for realism and is an ultimate cause for war and ethnic conflicts, as well as the assumption that origin of war is intrinsic in human nature as part of their evolution history....   [tags: International Relations]

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Kantian Peace Theory: Insight Ino the Future Relations Between the United States and China

- The rise of China as a global power is a troubling concept for many Americans. China's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world and China holds a plurality of the US national debt. The two countries are inextricably linked, which is one reason why a change in the status quo is an unsettling idea. Kantian Peace Theory may offer an insight into the future relations between the United States and China. If we look at the first principle of Kantian Peace theory, that “The Civil Constitution of Every State should be Republican,” we become rather vexed with the case of China....   [tags: International Relations]

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Types of Unemployment, Labour Relations, Trade Unions in South Africa and Other Concepts

- ... 1.4) the measures implemented by South Africa was that the government would look at recruiting a large numbers of skilled migrants. Du Plessis and Smit (2006) recognized the most of the positive economic growth to improvements in total factor productivity. The international trade between countries led to improvement in productivity. In 2000 the South Africa Reserve Bank (SARB) introduced inflation targeting as their primary policy goal to stabilise the internal value of the South African currency....   [tags: international economy and relations]

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The Bitter and Unstable Relations between The People's Republic of China and Taiwan

- Cross-Strait Relations The Cross-Strait relations refer to the bitter and unstable relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. The term comes from the relationship that both China and Taiwan has had, physically across the Taiwanese Strait. The relationship between the countries has been filled with war, tension, and little contact. In the earliest of Taiwanese history, both nations fought to seek diplomatic control as the legitimate form of Chinese government (Lee)....   [tags: Cross-Strait Relations]

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Developing a Public Relations Plan for the Susan G. Komen Foundation

- Susan G. Komen Foundation mission is to impact in the battle against breast cancer. With sponsored events Komen Race for the Cure, Susan G. Komen Foundation has invested almost $2 billion to fulfill a Nancy G. Brinker promise to her sister Susan G. Komen. The purpose of Susan G. Komen Foundation is to work towards terminate breast cancer in the United States and globally through innovative research, community health outreach, advocates and programs exceeding fifty countries. The event that generated the negative publicity towards the Susan G....   [tags: Public Relations Essays]

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946 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Scholarship Of Teaching, Public Relations, And Media Research

- I also contribute to the scholarship of teaching by bringing my strengths in journalism, public relations, and media research to my peers in the communication discipline to facilitate course material development, for instance, by designing a grant-awarded course module on the role of media in time of crises. In spring 2013, I applied for and received a Penn State University Page Legacy Grant ($2500) for designing a teaching module “Media relations in crisis communication.” (see http://thepagecenter.comm.psu.edu/index.php/research-resources/teaching-modules) The module aims at encouraging active learning by students as they link to both historical and current information through multiple sou...   [tags: Mass media, Communication, Blog, Public relations]

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New Millennia Power Shift: A Look at the Change in US-Russia Relations

- A man who survived interrogation and detainment by the Nazi Gestapo, as well as, living through both world wars, would have a very different opinion of power than someone who has seen the fall of the Berlin wall, the exponential growth in technology, and the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Centers in New York City.1 Former German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer once said, “Without power, one cannot conduct policy. Without power, our words will not be heeded.” Considering what power meant to the world between 1876-1967, and in the context of his life and Germany’s experiences of victory and defeat during world wars, Konrad’s quote is referencing a nations military strength as the source of...   [tags: post cold war relations]

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1358 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Public Relations And Journalism Go Together Well

- Public relations and journalism go together well, but there is always conflict. The two media work with each other to promote their content. In the journalists’ conversation in the YouTube video, they talk badly about PR professionals. In the article PR and the Media: A collaborative relationship, they are not quite as blunt about their dislike of PR. They mainly just feel that PR people are annoying. PR professionals contact journalists “10 to 15 times a day” according to some reporters. The journalists’ conversation in the video somewhat validates the opinions in the article....   [tags: Public relations, Mass media, Journalism, Spin]

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1216 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Definition Of Public Relations

- Defining Public Relations The ability to adhere to one worldwide definition of public relations is a challenging and one might say impossible task, and has concerned many public relations specials and scholars alike. They seem to agree that while individuals' actual definition of public relations might vary in strategy and technique, the end goal is always the same, to influence public opinion favorably for one's organization. Public Relations in My Own Words Public Relations deals with a broad range of strategies and methods, therefore, it is not easily defined....   [tags: PR Business Public Relations]

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Principles Of The Human Relations Movement

- In today’s successful organisations, the most important focus is managing individual employee satisfaction and motivation, apart from complying with formal rules and operating procedures, to maintain high qualityproductivity. Unlike the classical perspectives of management such as Scientific Management and Bureaucracy, “the importance of informal social factors in the work place such as co-worker relationships and group norms that influence employee motivation and performance is highlighted” (Macky & Johnson, 2003, p.82) under the ‘Human Relations Movement’....   [tags: HR Human Relations New Zealand]

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1464 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Public Relations In Business

- Public Relations Exxon Valdez and J & J Tylenol I. Background Information/ Additional Perspective According to my research with Exxon Valdez it is considered as one of the most devastating man-made environmental disasters ever to occur in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on March 24, 1989 at the sea. The Exxon Valdez spill ranks down on the list of the world's largest oil spills in terms of volume released. However, Prince William Sound's remote location made government and industry response efforts difficult and severely taxed existing plans for response....   [tags: Public Relations PR]

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The State of US-EU Relations

- The State of US-EU Relations Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen, It is my pleasure to speak to you today on the unfortunately precarious state of affairs between the United States and Europe. As you all know, hegemonic power has shifted between European nations for centuries, while the United States did not emerge as such an influential entity until after World War II. Since these post-war reconstructive years, the United States has continued to grow in social, economic, political, and diplomatic strength, thus cementing its role as a major international power....   [tags: International Relations Europe America Essays]

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Germany and United States Relations

- Germany and United States Relations Starting in 1945 with the defeat of Germany in World War Two and ending with the reunification of Germany in 1990, America has played a large role in the lives of the Germans. America was said to be Germany’s "protector, patron, and partner". Because of this, Germany has had a special relationship with America, and their relationship has evolved throughout the years during periods of struggle in Germany. This partnership of countries has dealt with many issues such as the results of World War Two, the Berlin Airlift, the Cold War, the developing West Germany and it’s struggle against "the East", the fall of the Berlin Wall (Die Mauer) in 1989, and the re...   [tags: International Relations Politics Essays Papers]

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School And Community Relations Class Project Written Pr Plan

- ... Media relationships are tenuous, and there is not a clearly identified media communications plan. Additionally, we could improve in the areas of getting news from the central office to staff members prior to it being released in the community, celebrating achievements in a public way, opening lines of communication to the district from local stakeholders, and keeping our community informed about school news consistently instead of only when a levy is being promoted. Needs Assessment Strengths to capitalize on and weaknesses to overcome can’t be determined with confidence unless a well-balanced needs assessment is completed first....   [tags: Public relations, Communication, Mass media]

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1360 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Biography Of Danielle Ryan 's Influence On Public Relations And Integrated Communication

- ... She was an honor roll student and a member of Queen of Peace’s National Honor Society. During her time at Queen of Peace, Ryan was captain of her school’s girls’ varsity basketball team, member of Student Council and an avid member of her school’s community service club. She also was apart of a yearly Leadership Conferences that collaborated with different schools in the area. Ryan was the lead on many fundraisers for different organizations. She helped raise money for Rutgers Football player Eric LeGrand by organizing her school’s “Believe Drive” where bracelets were sold and proceeds would go to the LeGrand family....   [tags: High school, College, Public relations]

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Cuba and United States Relations

- The defining characteristic of the state is the ability to wield power. The use of power, both inside and outside of one’s border, directly speaks to the sovereignty of the nation. If a nation is incapable of disciplining or punishing its citizens it will invariably become a failed state. Moreover if a country isn’t recognized as powerful in the global political arena, that country stands a very good chance of being dominated by a nation who has the capacity to enforce its own will. The use, or at least the perception, of power is so fundamental in nationhood that those who wield the most power can easily dictate world events....   [tags: Foreign Relations]

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Analysis Of Pierpont Communications, A Houston Based Public Relations Firm With Satellite Offices

- Pierpont- Pierpont Communications is a Houston based public relations firm with satellite offices in Dallas and Austin. The company may have offices in several different cities employees still work collectively on different clients and projects. Pierpont is a very versatile company and has clients coming from all different fields. Some of their larger clients are from the energy and transportation sectors. Pierpont’s Austin office initially started the internship program, due to their proximity to the University of Texas in Austin....   [tags: Public relations, Mass media, Newspaper, Blog]

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2165 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

China-Taiwan Relations in Terms of One China and the Taiwan Question

- ... The French court, which is even more unambiguous, dismissed the PRC’s intermediary appeal and held that, as “the Republic of China is a Chinese state,” the absence of recognition does not hinder its legal standing to defend the right of its former embassy property. Moreover, the German, Italian, and US courts have adamantly rejected the claim that the Warsaw Convention, to which the PRC is a party, should bind Taiwan, despite the PRC’s declaration that the convention “shall of course apply to the entire Chinese territory including Taiwan.” The Canadian courts went even further....   [tags: historical background Beijing-Taipei, US relations]

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Public Relations

- Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it, nothing can succeed. - Abraham Lincoln - "Fundamentally, public relation is relations with publics." (Public Relations Writing, 2000, p.10) The publics can be any group of people that shares a common interest. Through communication in different ways organizations want to establish, develop and maintain a positive relationship with different groups. This is just a basic definition of public relation but in fact it is much more challenging to really define and practice public relations....   [tags: Business PR Public Relations]

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1308 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis and her Effect of Race Relations

- Jackie’s Effect On Race Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis has been placed among saints in Stanley Crouch’s eyes. He associates her with some of the most influential people the world has known. He places her among the ranks of Mahalia Jackson, Bessie Smith, and the Virgin Mary, whom have all had significant effects on race relations. Stanley Crouch grew up in the slum area of Los Angeles, California (Lamb 2). Despite the fact that he is an African American, Stanley fought his way out of poverty to become one of the most famed black jazz critics and foremost authors of many influential speeches and papers....   [tags: Racial Relations]

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The United States : Hegemonic Status Under Organski And Kugler 's Theory On International Relations

- The United States qualifies for hegemonic status under Organski and Kugler’s definition when considering the superiority of U.S. military (Thomson et al.). However, America may now need to consider transformative policies that encourage cooperation rather than domination in effort to prevent future concerns of decline as well as increase stability. In encouraging transformation, the U.S. can aid in a system of peaceful interactions and security more similar to the ideas of Ikenberry’s theory on international relations....   [tags: International relations, Policy, United States]

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1183 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Role of Philosophy in American Foreign Relations: John Fousek’s "To Lead the Free World"

- John Fousek’s book To Lead the Free World, offers a remarkable perspective on the role philosophy played in American foreign relations. Indeed, the beginnings of the Cold War helped to shape American global nationalism ideology, which has been rooted in the “White Anglo-Saxon” philosophy, that the U.S. was destined to rule the world. In developing his thesis, Fousek focuses on the cultural context in which policymakers worked, and how the Cold War policy consistency developed through perceptions, relevance and its impact on foreign relations....   [tags: Philosophy, American Foreign Relations, John Fouse]

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International Soccer's Influence on Diplomatic, Social, and Political Relations

- To what extent has international soccer influenced the world politically and socially. This research question will be investigated using different books pertaining to the subject. The investigation will cover the impacts of soccer in the 1930s during the First World War, the 1940s during the Second World War and the 1970s during the Cold War. The effect of soccer on a country’s nationalism will be researched as well. Soccer had a great impact on people’s lives socially; it gave people hope when in a time of need....   [tags: Soccer and International Relations]

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2181 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Relations Between the United States and Japan Before September 1941

- Relations Between the United States and Japan Before September 1941 Japan was no longer able to rely on itself for food and raw materials and, so, for Japan to survive and prosper it would have to modernise and adopt Western technology. Japan was a medieval country but had managed to beat Russia in the war in 1905. They joined Britain in the War against Germany. On the 7th September 1914, they took over Germanys interests in China, but weren’t given any credit for the war. The Japanese demanded the right to send experts as ‘advisors’ to the Chinese Government....   [tags: US-Japanese Relations before WWII]

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581 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Defining Public Relation by Mariana Pires

- The definition of Public Relations practice can be a difficult task for its professionals, in order to outline their functions and what it is as a whole, without having their work commonly confused with Marketing and even with Advertising. Therefore, as an attempt to simplify its parameters and distinct the activities, this piece of work aims to explain the differences and similarities of these professions. Focusing in particular on an overview of the main definitions of Public Relations, such as its origin and practice....   [tags: Public Relations]

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1771 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

A Successful Career in Public Relations

- ... It can be maintained that every organization needs public relations activities. Public relations is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and the public (What is). Public relations aims to gain an organization or individual positive exposure to their key stakeholders, while downplaying any negative exposures. A public relations professional has to take care of both the internal public which is the people connected to the organization or company and external publics, the consumers as both are important for a company and their interests (What Is)....   [tags: professional opportunities, career choices]

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1102 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Significance of Ethics In Public Relations

- Strategy is a concept that relies on various definitions to capture interrelationships between various components that make up a strategy. Henry Mintzberg (1987) outlines five definitions of strategy including strategy as a plan, pattern, position, perspective, and ploy. As a plan, strategy is concerned with setting up guidelines to establish direction for an organization. As a pattern, strategy consists of various actions carried out with consistency by firms. Strategy as a position looks at how organizations interact with the external environment, and how they place themselves in the competitive environment....   [tags: Business Ethics]

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1445 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Increase of Women in Public Relations

- 1.0 Introduction Public relations profession as well as the public relations major in Kenyan universities has experienced an increase of women who have consistently been entering into the field. Females make up the solid majority of most Public Relations and communication programs in Kenyan universities. Focusing on Daystar University, this study aims to find out why women are increasingly entering into the field. This chapter will concentrate on the following areas, background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives of the study, justification and significance of the study....   [tags: feminization, courses, study]

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733 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Civil War in Sudan its Historical Background and its Effects on Comparative Politics and International Relations

- On January 1st, 1959 Sudan finally became its own independent country, and it looked as if it’s history of conflict would soon come to an end. But this was not to be, throughout most of Sudan’s independent status as a country it has been in constant turmoil. For the first thirteen years, 1959-1969, an elected government ran Sudan, but in that year, 1969, the elected government would be toppled by a military coup. Ever since this incident, Sudan has been in a civil war almost indefinitely. This rule would last for about 20 when a leader in that government rose up against them....   [tags: international relations, africa]

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1200 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Globalization on Public Relations

- ... With this, public relations practitioners are commonly identified as “cultural agents” for their need to monitor the societal and cultural progressions in a society, community or country (Banks, 2000, 3). As a result of this shift, public relation practices are more interactive instead of passive. It looks beyond the functional process as they are now engaging with a more diverse audience. With the knowledge of anthropology, it enables practitioners to be more aware and attuned to the different cultural practices and values associated with a specific country....   [tags: culture, society, communication]

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1623 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Function of a Public Relations Manager

- The post of Public Relationship Manager or Public Relations (PR) deals with the activities an entity carries on to enhance its image in the public (Wisegeek, 2011). It encompasses all the communication practices that aim at exposing the company to the public in a good light to captivate the interests of existing and potential customers, investors, lenders, employees, and to promote a good relationship with governmental regulatory bodies. Job description A PR manager undertakes a supervisory role over the public relations staff as they implement programs aimed at publicizing the firm....   [tags: Improving Public Image]

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482 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

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