--> Free Schizophrenia Essays and Papers


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Schizophrenia"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

Schizophreni Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia The medical definition for schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in the combinations of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior. The word schizophrenia has not been around for long, it is actually less than 100 years old. This disease, however, was first discovered by a doctor named Emil Kraepelin in 1887. Before schizophrenia adopted its name, Kraepelin called this disease dementia praecox....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Strong Essays
1621 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The ‘Glutamate Theory’ of the Pathogenesis of Schizophrenia

- Introduction: There is immense study on the role of glutamate in Schizophrenia. Even so to date the current antipsychotics do not control major glutamatergic action albeit a study at the NMDA receptor location such as the glycine transport inhibitors may give new novel evidence for the discovery of future antipsychotics (Olney et al., 1999) The Dopamine hypothesis of Schizophrenia The dopamine (DA) theory of schizophrenia has subjugated the effort to justify the behaviours Schizophrenia is a psychiatric bedlam relating to the messing up of routine thinking, sentiment and every day activities....   [tags: Schizophrenia ]

Term Papers
2341 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

Schizophreni A Person With Schizophrenia

- When thinking of someone with schizophrenia most people probably envision a person experiencing delusions and/or hallucinations. This may often be the case, but there are several diagnostic criteria to consider when assessing for schizophrenia. First, as most people envision a schizophrenic person, a person with schizophrenia will experience either delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. They may in fact experience more than one or all of these criteria. Delusions are the false belief in something that is contraindicated....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion, Catatonia]

Strong Essays
828 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia, The Schizophrenic Mind Is Not So Much Split As Shattered

- ... Paranoid Schizophrenia is the most common form of schizophrenia in many parts of the world, and this form of schizophrenia is more likely to result in violent behavior. Disorganized schizophrenia is another type of schizophrenia, which also has positive symptoms. According to Mental Health America, symptoms of disorganized schizophrenia include disorganized speech and illogical thought process. In this form, the person may not make much sense in their thoughts or words, but they don’t have delusions....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1066 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Schizophreni A Correlation Between Poverty And Schizophrenia

- People with schizophrenia experience unusual perceptions, odd thoughts, disturbed emotions, and motor abnormalities. Also, they experience psychosis, which is a loss of contact with reality. Schizophrenia can make it difficult for people to function at home, with friends, in school, or at work because their ability to perceive and respond to the environment becomes extremely disturbed. They might have hallucinations or delusions, or they might withdraw into a private world. About 1 of every 100 people in the world deal with schizophrenia during his or her lifetime and an estimated 24 million people worldwide are suffering with this disorder, with 2.5 million of these people in the United Sta...   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Catatonia, Delusion]

Better Essays
1055 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On The Development Of Schizophrenia

- What is schizophrenia. “Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterized by major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behaviour: disordered thinking in which ideas are not logically related, faulty perception and attention, flat or inappropriate affect, and bizarre disturbances in motor activity. People with schizophrenia withdraw from other people and reality, often into a fantasy life of delusions and hallucinations” (Davison 327). The term schizophrenia originated from the Greek language; Schizo meaning split and phrenia meaning mind....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion, Hallucination]

Strong Essays
1554 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Enigma of Schizophrenia

- There are many disorders throughout the world that affect people on a daily basis. They are life altering and life changing. They affect how a person can function on a normal level of life. This, in itself, is an interesting way of viewing the disorder, but it truly is the way that schizophrenia is viewed. The term normal is in its self a complex concept, but to understand that for the purpose of schizophrenia; normal is anything that deviates from the socially accepted way of conducting one’s self....   [tags: Schizophrenia Essays]

Powerful Essays
2627 words | (7.5 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Serious Mental Disorder?

- ... Research done on deceased people who had Schizophrenia, shows that their brain developed differently before birth, and because of the changes that go on during puberty, could be the trigger of the disorder (NIMH). Substance abuse leads to many mental disorders, including Schizophrenia. One of these substances being marijuana. Studies show that those who smoke marijuana are at higher risk for developing the disorder (NAmI). Also, the frequency of smoking can be a factor as well (NAMI). When diagnosing Schizophrenia, these are the symptoms that are watched for: hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, movement disorder, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1206 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Mental Condition Of Schizophrenia

- ... Additionally, immigrants in the countries showed higher prevalence of the conditions as compared to the native-born (Saha et al, 2005). Tsuang, Faraone and Glatt argue that schizophrenia is not characteristic to multiple personality (Tsuang et al., 2011). In their book, the authors disapprove utterances and references that schizophrenic patients exhibit the same symptoms and those with split personality disorder. In the past, schizophrenics have been termed as insane people with split personality disorder....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

What is Schizophrenia?

- What is schizophrenia. There are many definitions of schizophrenia, NANDA defines this disorder as a, “mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional responsiveness,” (Hafiyudin, 2012). Schizophrenia is an impairment of the mind, in which there is an abnormality in the reality of everyday life, (Hafiyudin, 2012). This disease, “affects one in every 100 people in the United States,” (Varcarolis & Jordan-Halter, 2010). There are many different types of schizophrenia and different degrees of the disorder....   [tags: mental schizophrenia, paranoia]

Better Essays
600 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

The Reality Of Schizophrenia Is A Frightening Menace

- The Reality of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a frightening menace. The mental illness affects approximately 2.2 million Americans (WebMD - Better...). Schizophrenia works by tainting the mind with hallucinations, delusions, memory loss, and confusion, causing millions of Americans left mentally crippled and unstable (WebMD - Better...). Schizophrenia targets the brain and in doing so, victims are emotionally, mentally, and physically changed. “Schizophrenia is a group of psychotic disorders that interfere with thinking and mental or emotional responsiveness....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Suicide, Hallucination]

Strong Essays
1521 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

The Connection Between Schizophrenia And Violence

- ... A common positive symptom displayed by the movie characters was indeed violent behavior either towards themselves or others and nearly one-third engaged in homicidal behavior. Additionally, a fourth of the characters committed suicide. Owen (2012) concluded that misinformation and damaging depictions of people with schizophrenia are common in movies and how these portrayals help encourage negative opinions in the overall public and people with schizophrenia. However, it is important to note that people who are schizophrenic can be violent....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1644 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- ... Ads for the tests suggest that with a saliva sample, a company can determine if a client is at risk for developing specific diseases, including schizophrenia. However, scientists don 't yet know all of the gene variations that contribute to schizophrenia. Those that are known raise the risk only by very small amounts. Therefore, these "genome scans" are unlikely to provide a complete picture of a person 's risk for developing a mental disorder like schizophrenia. In addition, Overs (21) explains that it probably takes more than genes to cause the disorder....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1676 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- There are barriers to the diagnosis of Schizophrenia. First Schizophrenia can be seen as a series of random behaviors that make up a disorder. Schizophrenia can largely be based on the opinion of the clinician making the diagnosis. Secondly there is not concrete cause or way to diagnose schizophrenia. Causes could be environmental or genetic. Scientists are still working on finding what causes schizophrenia. Lastly some medication management has proven to be a barrier. Side effects can be so severe that patients stop taking the medication....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Antipsychotic]

Strong Essays
1607 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The History and Future of Schizophrenia

- According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, schizophrenia is characterized by the development of two or more symptoms of the following symptoms in a one-month period. The symptoms most characteristic of schizophrenia are delusions, hallucinations, and/or disorganized speech. Schizophrenia has always been a disorder shrouded in mystery. There have been many hypotheses from varying perspectives proposing different sources of causation for schizophrenia. Some of these hypotheses have considerable amounts of research, while some lack support....   [tags: Schizophrenia Research Paper]

Powerful Essays
2638 words | (7.5 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Even though schizophrenia can be one of the most disabling mental disorders, only about one percent of the world 's population has been diagnosed. In the United States, around 2.5 million people have this disease. In most cases, schizophrenia develops in individuals age sixteen to thirty. Children may also develop schizophrenia, but it is very rare for that to occur. Schizophrenia usually develops in males around their mid twenties. While in women, this disorder may occur in their late twenties to early thirties....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1079 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a well-known emotional and mental disorder that causes hallucinations, paranoid and delusional behaviour (Hoffer 2004). In contrary to many other diseases, schizophrenia is mostly affected and caused by external environment (Young 2000). People that are suffering from this disorder usually cannot differentiate from the imaginative world from the real one. Schizophrenia is very often a result of stress and develops gradually (DeLisi 2011). It is therefore, very important to start early treatment of the disorder....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusional disorder]

Better Essays
840 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Description and Analysis of Catatonic Schizophrenia

- About 1.1% of people in the world have schizophrenia, which equals to about 51 million, regardless of the racial, ethnic, or even economic background. In America alone there are about 2.2 million people that are suffering with schizophrenia. To put this into perspective for every 1,000 people about 7.2 people have schizophrenia. Around one-third to one-half of the homeless have schizophrenia. Within a year, about 100,000 people will be diagnosed with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is more common than AIDS, cot death, and melanoma combined....   [tags: schizophrenia, mental disorder, hallucinations]

Strong Essays
1073 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... During the many years of research about the causes of schizophrenia different models have been proposed. In addition to this models we may take a look at the physical and emotional reactions of schizophrenia runs in families and sometimes schizophrenia is been related to violence. It is important to remark that no one really know the causes of schizophrenia, however, recent studies are involving brain anatomy and brain development hoping to provide a more complete answer to the causes of Schizophrenia....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Genetics]

Better Essays
1072 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

A Depth Report On Schizophrenia

- Jason Ouyang Professor Psychology 101 - Online 21 November 2015 An In-Depth report on Schizophrenia Affecting more than 21 million people worldwide and approximately 1.1% of the US population, Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder known for its debilitating cognitive effects on those afflicted (World Health Organization: ‘’Schizophrenia’’). In a literal sense, the word schizophrenia means ‘’split-mind’’, which is a misnomer as it is not the same as Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder]

Strong Essays
1368 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Progression Of Development Of Schizophrenia

- ... There are several different influencing elements linked to the cause of schizophrenia. The main cause of schizophrenia remains unknown. According to Townsend, “Most likely no single factor can be implicated in the etiology; rather, the disease probably results from a combination of influences. That includes biological, psychological, and environmental factors (Townsend 2014)”. Some of these factors broken down more closely suggest that when one has a family member that is diagnosed with schizophrenia, that another family members chance of having the illness is increased (Townsend, 2014)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Antipsychotic]

Better Essays
1695 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- symptom is loss of an individual’s appetite, which can lead to other health issues as well as being a sign of Schizophrenia. The major indicator is withdrawal from society, not wanting to go out with friends, locking themselves in their house or room. “This is followed by increased levels of emotional distress or disturbance, and finally by psychotic symptoms” (Saxton, 2013) (pg.31). An individual may suffer relapses with the onset of Schizophrenia. “Schizophrenia occurs in all societies regardless of class, color, religion, culture - however there are some variations in terms of incidence and outcomes for different groups of people” (Schizophrenia.com, 1996)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Suicide]

Better Essays
1331 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... The negative symptoms are measured by different categories, for example, N1 is based on the patients affective flattening which is a symptom where the patient shows no facial emotion and literally has a plain face. N2 is emotional withdrawal, N3 poor rapport, N4 passive-apathetic social withdrawal, and N5 is difficulty in abstract thinking. There is no measure for cognitive symptoms because according to the article, How specific are negative symptoms and cognitive impairment in schizophrenia....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1302 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Alcohol and drug abuse is actually becoming a growing problem among individuals with schizophrenia. A study once showed that thirty four percent of schizophrenics abused alcohol and twenty six percent abused drugs and all together, forty seven percent abused one or both. Medication noncompliance has been the biggest reason to why people with schizophrenia have relapsed or have been hospitalized. Studies show that seventy percent of schizophrenics are noncompliant with medication by the second year after hospitalization and medication becomes very costly....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Catatonia]

Better Essays
1971 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Treatment Of People With Schizophrenia

- Treatment of People with Schizophrenia The question of mental illness and how to understand it has gone unanswered for decades. Even today, the treatment of people with mental illness is still up for debate. Many believe those who are considered ‘sick in the head’ should be sent away to hospitals and asylums, far from everyone else. Others think a combination of medicine and human-centered therapy will cure whatever disorder affects one who is mentally ill, and that the person in question should be accepted into society....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1092 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Causes and Treatments of Schizophrenia

- A large number of the homeless population consists of the mentally disabled. About one third of people that are homeless have a disease called schizophrenia or they have manic depressive disorder. Schizophrenia is a long term mental disorder that breaks down the connection between thought, emotion, and behavior. This leads to faulty perception, withdrawal from reality, delusions, inappropriate actions and feelings, and the sense of mentally being broken into pieces. Schizophrenia actually means split mind....   [tags: schizophrenia, cognitive behavioral therapy]

Strong Essays
1151 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- ... Schizophrenia typically appears at a younger age, and causes a serious disruption of thought processes known as disorganized or disordered thinking. Schizophrenics are unable to think or speak in a logical fashion, which leads to speech that is incoherent and all but impossible to follow. “Schizophrenics often suffer disturbances in mood and behavior. Some patients seem to feel no emotions, such as laughing at sad situations. Some patients withdraw from their family and friends and talk mainly to themselves or to their “voices” (176)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1602 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Serious Mental Illness?

- Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that generally, though not always, manifests itself sometime between the ages of 15 and 25, during a time when the brain 's frontal lobes are maturing (Wallis and Willerth). When it has fully taken hold, sufferers can experience serious symptoms such as withdrawal from family and friends, visual and auditory hallucinations, and full blown delusions (ibid). The types of these distorted perceptual experiences that most often come to mind are episodes of religious vision or delusions of grandeur....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion, Religion]

Better Essays
1055 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Living With Schizophrenia

- Throughout life there are many challenges that are presented when trying to figure out what type of life is best suited for the individual. Many realise this when moving out from the house of the parents and into the world. However, this task can be made more difficult when living with a mental disability. This paper will examine what it is like to live with schizophrenia. From the obstacles the individual must overcome to who else it affects, such as, the role of the family and friends. There are many moving parts that play a role in the standard of living for an individual with schizophrenia and if they do not all function well together, that can cause a great disadvantage for those affect...   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Anxiety disorder]

Better Essays
1107 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Psychological Or Mental Disorder?

- Schizophrenia Case Study According to (Barlow, 2001), Schizophrenia is a psychological or mental disorder that makes the patient recognize real things and to have abnormal social behavior. Schizophrenia is characterized by symptoms such as confused thinking, hallucinations, false beliefs, demotivation, reduced social interaction and emotional expressions (Linkov, 2008). Diagnosis of this disorder is done through observation of patient’s behavior, and previously reported experiences (Mothersill, 2007)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusional disorder]

Strong Essays
837 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia and Disorder of Lifespan Development

- Different classes and subclasses exist in disorders of lifespan and schizophrenia (Munson, 2001). Categorizing disorders into classes, helps psychologist resolve issues of what type of problem psychologist are dealing with to ensure correct course of help is made (Hansell & Damour, 2005). Psychologist need to define and outline symptoms that are categorized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) ((Hansell & Damour, 2005). Developments of the mind including disorders, continuously happening from birth to death, changes in the body are due to common biology, life trauma, and life choices (Dombeck, 2010)....   [tags: mental health, schizophrenia]

Powerful Essays
1773 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Mental Illness Of Schizophrenia

- Abstract Throughout this paper I hope to interest you in the mental illness schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a not commonly talked about multiple personality disorder. It has many dark misconceptions surrounding it, and the people diagnosed with this illness. You will hear a lot of people say that people with schizophrenia need to be in mental wards. People with schizophrenia commit violent crimes. If you have this disease, you do not belong in our society because it has no room for anyone who is not what we consider normal....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

Strong Essays
1171 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia Of Children And Adolescents

- ... To have the diagnosis, at least two of these features are required for a significant part of time during a 1-month period, and continuous signs of the disorder must persist for at least 6 months. If the onset occurs in childhood or adolescence, there must be failure to reach expected levels of interpersonal, academic, or occupational achievement as well (Wicks-Nelson & Israel, 2013). Positive symptoms, which distort the mind, include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, and disorganized behavior....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Thought disorder]

Better Essays
2201 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Imagine waking up one day, not being able to tell what is real and what it not. What would your initial reaction be. Would you be affected the rest of the day. Psychological disorders can affect more than just thinking; these disorders affect mood and behavior as well. Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder that causes delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and inappropriate emotions. This disorder affects about one percent of the worldwide population (SAMHSA, 2015). Early onset symptoms usually affect less than 1 in 10,000 children but have a significant increase at the age of 13 (Remschmidt, 2005, pg....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychology, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1390 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- “Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history” (“What is Schizophrenia” 2010). Many times people with Schizophrenia are depicted very differently then how and what the disease actually does to them. They are also depicted of having multiple personality disorder when in fact they have schizophrenia. People with this disorder tend to have hallucinations, especially about other people doing things that go against them or can harm them....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion]

Strong Essays
1000 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Diagnosis And Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia

- ... The first DSM implied that there were environmental causes for schizophrenia by using the term “reaction” with the psychiatric diagnosis. The description was vague which led to its use as a label for disorders with unclear etiology. The DSM-II removed the term “reaction” but still lacked specific criteria for diagnosis. The DSM-III focused on the description and course of the disorder rather than the etiology. It also included tests for diagnostic reliability and, specific criteria for diagnoses, and multiaxial diagnosis....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1233 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder which causes the person suffering from to differentiate between imaginary and reality. The characteristic symptoms include disorganized thinking, speech, and perception: a what and lack of curiosity: diminishing emotional contact with others, lethargy; emotional changes such as tension and depression; are more dramatic behavioral disturbances can range from catatonia to violent outbursts and delusions. People with schizophrenia lose, to some degree, their hold on reality, and many seem to withdraw into their own world....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1529 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... This disorder does affect every individual differently, the symptoms in people may come and go over months or can be a year until the symptoms may appear in an individual. The disease can come and go in cause of relapse or a trigger in the brain. There are many types of schizophrenia, there is paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, residual, and schizoaffective. These five types are different in many ways. Paranoid schizophrenic have a combination of emotional symptoms which will have them be aware....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Catatonia]

Better Essays
1321 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Abstract Schizophrenia is a disabling disease in which those affected experience altered thoughts, perceptions, emotions, and behaviors. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that has major consequences for affected individuals, their families, and society. Patients diagnosed with this disease may show a wide range of disruptions in their ability to see, hear, and process information from the world around them. They may also experience disruptions in their normal thought processes, as well as their emotions and their behaviors....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Strong Essays
3391 words | (9.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia as defined in the DSM-V states that it is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behaviour, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. For a diagnosis, symptoms must have been present for six months and include at least one month of active symptoms. (American Psychiatric Publishing, DSM-V, 2013) It is a chronic, severe condition that approximately 1% of the population has. It is important to acknowledge schizophrenia’s prevalence in the field of psychiatrics because of its astounding reputation to be regarded in such negative terminology....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Psychosis]

Strong Essays
1550 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Mental Health Condition Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a biological and a psychological condition. Having Schizophrenia can cause hallucination and delusions. Hallucination can often make people hear and see things that don’t exist. While delusions make someone believe something that is true which in fact isn 't. This chronic mental health condition help cause these psychological symptoms while the biological symptoms of this disease causes change in the brains activity. (By Ash Welch, March 23, 2009, in Bio Blog) B. Thesis Statement Although Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition that can challenge people to learn to live with mental health conditions having support and knowing the conditions can help the disease....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychology]

Better Essays
968 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Each day we encounter many different people some of these that may have the mental illness schizophrenia. Rastad, Cecilia, and Asenlof stated that schizophrenia is a lifelong mental disorder that affects twenty-four million, or about one percent of the world population. It was first referred to as “dementia praecox” (which means early-onset dementia) in the 1900s. The severity of schizophrenia ranks it at the third most disabling health condition (Rastad, Cecilia, and Asenior 2014). Today we’ll discuss causes, symptoms, types, treatment, and complications invovled with schizophrenia....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1196 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia As A Psychotic Disorder

- ... A number of factors play into an individual developing schizophrenia, including genetics, environmental, perinatal experiences, substance use, and brain abnormalities (Os & Kapur, 2009). How these factors interact with one another is somewhat of a mystery however. The focus of this paper will be on individuals who develop schizophrenia during their adolescents. Schizophrenia and Theory Positive, Negative and Disorganized Symptoms Schizophrenia affects all aspects of an individual’s life. There are different types of symptoms of schizophrenia generally characterized as positive, negative, and disorganized (Madaan et al., 2008)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1079 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia Schizophrenia, “a psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior —called also dementia praecox.” (Merrian-Webster). In the early years mental illness was believed to be caused by possession of demons. People with mental disorders were feared, tormented, and on many occasions locked away from society forever....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Delusional disorder, Psychosis]

Strong Essays
1648 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatments Of Schizophrenia

- At times, people feel hopeless in life due to their mental disorder. “The scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavior disorders is known as psychopathology” (Coon & Mitterer, 2010 p.460). In this paper, I’ll be discussing the major symptoms of schizophrenia, areas of the brain impacted, and treatments for schizophrenia. “Schizophrenia is marked by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, thinking abnormalities, and a “split between thought and emotion” (Coon & Mitterer, 2010 p....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Brain, Psychology]

Better Essays
883 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenias is a serious mental illness characterized by incoherent or illogical thoughts, bizarre behavior and speech, and delusions or hallucinations, such as hearing voices (APA,2015). I choose to touch on the topic of schizophrenia because I always been interested the topic itself. The one thing I wondered is if there are different stages of schizophrenia and why it may be hard to diagnose. Schizophrenia is a mental disease that’s very hard to pinpoint in a person, which makes one wonder how it can be diagnosed and categorized....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
745 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Patients with schizophrenia have been shown to frequently use, abuse and become dependent on substances. Previous studies have estimated that the prevalence of schizophrenia with the co-occurance of a substance use disorder is around 60% (Fritz-Wieacker, 2007) Nicotine, alcohol, cannabis and cocaine are the most commonly used substances by patients with psychotic disorders within the US (Hymowitz, Jaffe, Gupta & Feuerman, 1997). It is argued that substance use comorbidity in schizophrenia represents the idea of self-medication (SMH) (Khantzian, 1985)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Antipsychotic]

Better Essays
827 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- What is Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a psychiatric illness meaning a brain disorder. The affects of Schizophrenia are significant as it causes disruption in the ability to see and hear clearly, have smooth thinking processes, emotions, behaviours, perception, attention, motivation, reality and feeling (Ming, et.al, 2011, p.22). It is a prolonged illness in which can mean years of symptoms and disability (Sane, 2014). Schizophrenia has five different types which are: 1. Paranoid schizophrenia: consists of auditory hallucinations and delusions....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Catatonia]

Strong Essays
1420 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Delusions and hallucinations fall under paranoid. Catatonic consists of motor disturbances and echo speech. Incoherent speech, flat or exaggerated emotions, and social withdrawal are in the disorganized category. Undifferential is the category for people that have symptoms, but none of the above symptoms. People that still have some symptoms, but do not meet the standard schizophrenic symptoms. Schizophrenia is now seen as a spectrum disorder. It is a group of related mental disorders that share some symptoms (Goldberg, 2015)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1121 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Laura 's successes were otherwise ignored to prevent upsetting Kristen ("A Family Living With & And Recovering From & Schizophrenia," 2010). Even though Kristen 's life was flipped upside down, she has continued to make progress with the help of her group home, and the medicine Clozapine. She is able to have complete conversations with her family now, which means so much to her family; “The ability to have a logical conversation with her is huge,” Mary Ann said. For years, Kristen talked with jumbled words, lots of mumbling and made references to hallucinations she was having" ("A Family Living With & And Recovering From & Schizophrenia," 2010)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis, Suicide]

Better Essays
1284 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Cognitive Behavioral Aetiology Of Schizophrenia

- ... This model provides a comprehensive list of cognitive biases that characterises schizophrenic symptoms, which are not specifically explained by other theories. However, this model is also flawed because some assumptions remain highly speculative. For instance, the researchers mentioned that disorganisations are linked to the individual’s limited resources to adhere to communication rules and inhibiting inappropriate information – an idea that needs to be examined for its plausibility. Second, this theory does not consider other factors that lead the patients to have aversive life events besides cognitive insufficiency....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychology, Cognition]

Better Essays
1101 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a serious psychosis with a huge impact on all aspects of a patient’s life, not simply his or her mental health. It has been found that patients with schizophrenia experience poorer health and life expectancies than the general population. There are a number of reasons for this: they range from symptoms related to the disease to the affects of antipsychotic medications. Studies have also shown that a range of physical activities can be beneficial to a patient’s physical and mental health....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Strong Essays
1035 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Now some of the changes in behavior that is associated with schizophrenia would be dropping out of activities and life in general, inability to form or keep relationships, social isolation, neglect in self care, inability to cope with minor problems, and so on. Some examples of cognitive problems would be ruminating thoughts, making up new words, becoming incoherent or stringing unrelated words together, lack of insight, racing thoughts. Some examples of delusions and hallucinations would be overpowering or intense feeling that people are talking about you, thinking someone is trying to poison you, thinking your thoughts are being broadcasted over the radio or TV....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1719 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a very complex and often misunderstood mental illness that’s treatments and symptoms can be equally debilitating. Between the crippling hallucinations, delusions, and the possibly permanent side effects of antipsychotics, it seems that those diagnosed with schizophrenia have quite a “catch 22”. Many times, those with schizophrenia were first diagnosed with depression. The diagnosis can be attributed to what is referred to as the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. There are mainly three categories for the different symptoms associated with this illness: negative, positive, and disorganized behavior....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychiatry]

Strong Essays
1524 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- ... Hallucinations are very common, they might hear voices telling them what to do, this is a serious situation because they might feel disoriented and frightened by the voices they are hearing. Another type of hallucination could be that a person sees and smells things that do not exist. Delusions affects them too, they might think that someone else is been watching them and that they might want to hurt them. They might also believe that a simple television commercial is directing a special message to them....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Medicine, Mind]

Better Essays
1000 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a rare psychotic disorder that affects 1 Percent of the population and is characterized by patients who lose touch from reality. The term Schizophrenia originated from the Greek words meaning “split” and “brain”. Due to the definition, many individuals would assume schizophrenic patients had multiple personalities. When in-fact, all individuals with this mental disorder have become distant from reality in some form or fashion, meaning they are not able to tell the difference from what is real and what is not....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Strong Essays
1137 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- ... He thought that dementia wasn 't what it is, so he made up schizophrenia from Greek roots. Schizo meaning "split" and phrene meaning "mind". He then came up with 5 different subtypes for schizophrenia being disorganized, catonic, paranoid, residual, and undifferentiated. They separated all the different types they thought there were. Though, in a recent study, it was said that there is no different types of schizophrenia, it is all the same. Secondly, the symptoms of schizophrenia are very harsh....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Antipsychotic]

Better Essays
1108 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Vicious Cycle Of Schizophrenia

- Module 3 Essay Questions 1. In your own words, fully describe and discuss the vicious cycle of schizophrenia (6 pts.). The vicious cycle of schizophrenia has a lot of parallels to normal people except for the actual biological diathesis and selective attention dysfunction. If a person is already pre disposed to the schizophrenia genes, then it can happen at any point in time, they could spiral down into a psychosis. The selective attention dysfunction is how the person cannot tune out, in a sense, surrounding things or apply different contexts to words that shouldn’t mean what they think....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Alzheimer's disease]

Strong Essays
1220 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Psychotherapy as a Treatment for Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a deep-rooted and mutilating mental illness. This disease can cause you to withdraw from the people and activities in the world around you. Which causes a person to retreat into a world of delusions and fantasies. Since no one knows the cause of this disease its hard to know what type of treatment is right. As of now there are two types of known treatments medication, and Psychotherapy. Only one of these two treatments is more endorsed by Doctors who treat this illness. Medication is the more favored of the two but Psychotherapy has a higher commitment rate....   [tags: Schizophrenia, mental illness, psychology, ]

Free Essays
399 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Mental Disorder?

- ... They also come off as detached and distant in conversation, so they usually have little to say. Speech is a major effect of having this disorder. Hallucinations are a common effects of schizophrenia (Melinda Smith and Jeanne Segal). Hallucinations are a sound or other sensations that exist only in the person’s mind and not in real life. Hallucinations include sight, sound, taste, smell or touch. Hearing things is the most common type of hallucinations is those with schizophrenia. These voices are random but some of them can be meaningful to the patient because they can be the voice of somebody they know....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1664 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- ... Currently the client also meets criteria E because there is no reports of physiological effects due to substance use nor concurrent medical conditions. Again, if substance use is later discovered the provisional diagnosis will have to be altered. Finally, criteria F is also met due to no reported history of autism spectrum disorder or communication disorder. 2. Score the WHODAS and report the results. In one paragraph, interpret the results of the WHODAS. How can this information benefit you as a clinician....   [tags: Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
1304 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- The DSM IV describes schizophrenia as a mental illness and specifically classifies it as a psychotic disorder, or a disorder where contact with reality is severely impaired. Schizophrenia can develop at any stage in one’s life however it is most commonly developed in the early twenties for males and late twenties for females. Many symptoms include delusions (firmly held beliefs that are not based in reality), hallucinations, disorganized thinking or speech, severely disorganized or catatonic behavior, significant or complete lack of emotional expressiveness, poverty of speech, and inability to begin or perform goal-directed activities....   [tags: Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia]

Strong Essays
1537 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Understanding The Underlying Diagnosis For Schizophrenia

- This chapter defines the multi-faceted issues related to schizophrenia that families and patients must acknowledge in the field of psychology. The authors conduct a mock interview format to define the underlying diagnosis for schizophrenia in a non-academic style of writing to inform families and lay persons. In this manner, individuals that are diagnosed with schizophrenia tell their own version of the mental illness through the perspective of a psychological narrative. For instance, the author asks the question; answers the question, and the schizophrenic provides a personal narrative of their experience with the illness....   [tags: Psychology, Mental disorder, Schizophrenia, Brain]

Strong Essays
1232 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia, By Jim Stevens

- ... Schizophrenia can change the entire environment in the household as shown in the poem, “then lines were drawn, boarders established, / some rooms declared their loyalties, / keeping to themselves, keeping out the other” (12-14). A home is not one where you keep others out, you want your family around you. Schizophrenia will turn a home into a house. “Slamming doors, angry feet scuffing the carpets” (2). Jim Stevens uses imagery to explain the change in atmosphere that the people are going through, but uses the house to explain it, “Seeing cracked paint, broken windows, / the front door banging in the wind, / the roof tiles flying off, one by one, / the neighbors said it was a madhouse” (...   [tags: Mental disorder, Disability, Schizophrenia]

Better Essays
1459 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- “Schizophrenia is a neurological brain disorder that affects 2.5 million American[s] aged 18 ” and older, which is about 1.1% of the population (Treatment Advocacy Center). Although the percentage seems small, it is important to realize that people are infact struggling with the disorder. Schizophrenia can be described as a severe brain disorder that impairs an individual’s thoughts, actions, and views of reality. Contrary to popular belief, the disorder is not characterized by multiple personality, but is characterized by numerous symptoms, a lengthy diagnosis process, special treatment plans, ranges in severity, and a lifelong battle (Tsuang, Ming T., Stephen V....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Brain, Mental disorder]

Strong Essays
1027 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Mental Disorder?

- What is Schizophrenia. Have you ever wondered how your life would end up. Could it be happily married with kids and your own house to call yours. Or how about living your life traveling around the world trying to see all that you can. Just living out your dream to the best of your abilities. But what if you couldn’t do any of that. What if all that was stopped by one costly mental disorder. Schizophrenia is that mental disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which basically a person hears voices and sees delusions that are not really there....   [tags: Mental disorder, Schizophrenia, Mental health]

Strong Essays
1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- While there is no cure for schizophrenia, symptoms can be managed with the following treatments: antipsychotic medications, psychosocial treatment or therapy, patient and family education and support and counseling from licensed health-care providers. There are many antipsychotic medications available today that can be given in the form of pills, liquids or injections. They are the foundation in the management of schizophrenia and have been available since the mid 1950s. Schizophrenia is unable to be cured but the treatments greatly reduce the symptoms, allowing the patient to function better and have a better quality of life....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Health care provider]

Strong Essays
1025 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia Is The Most Known Psychotic Disorder

- ... Negative symptoms are hard to diagnose because they are similar to normal teenage behavior as well. Some examples of negative symptoms are lack of emotion and eye contact, disinterest in things or people, and withdrawal from friends and family. Positive symptoms are considered “wild Changes” in normal behavior. Delusions, hallucinations, using incomplete sentences when talking, and the inability to complete a thought are all positive symptoms. Cognitive symptoms are related to thinking and can have an impact on activities of daily living....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1142 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Nathaniel Ayes' "The Soloist" and the History of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is one of the most well known and surprisingly frequent psychological disorders today. Patients who have this disorder have problems separating reality from fantasy or delusion. Typically, the person with schizophrenia starts off with a small paranoia about something or someone and continues to get more and more problematic until he/she has trouble functioning in the real world because of emotional, physical, mental, or financial reasons. Because of this, most people who end up homeless have Schizophrenia because they are unable to keep a job, Nathaniel Ayes in the book The Soloist....   [tags: Schizophrenia, psychology, Nathaniel Ayes, ]

Term Papers
1887 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia A Chronic And Deliberating Mental Disorder?

- ... For instance, Eleanor Longden, a schizophrenic, described how auditory hallucinations (voices) turned “hostile” by “tormenting sense of hopelessness, humiliation and despair”. At that time, Longden did not approach anyone for further help and was eventually led to a “vicious cycle of fear, mistrust and misunderstandings”. In addition, delusions, most commonly persecutory (belief that one is going to be harassed by something), can evoke unpleasant response from the individual such as paranoia....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1201 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On The Human Brain

- Abstract Throughout this paper you will be discovering, the mental disorder, Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a disorder that effects the human brain. Schizophrenia is classified as a personality disorder which does not exclude any one person. The ancient treatment for the mental disorder Schizophrenia included horrific torching to the person infected, at the time they did not know any better and had only thought that they were doing what was best for the person with the mental disorder, and the others who were surrounded by this individual....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Strong Essays
1292 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia And Related Disorders

- ... Before the 1960s, the mental disorder was a diagnosis for nonviolent, white criminals and predominantly the female population in the United States. There was an evident shift in the mid to late 1960s, when black individuals were more likely to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia. This transformation is correlated with the Civil Rights movement, a symbolic period in U.S history in which people of the Black diaspora participated and lead non-violent demonstrations to receive their natural rights as citizens (Lane 2010)....   [tags: Mental disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychology]

Better Essays
1648 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia Is A Disorder Affecting The Brain And Mind

- ... Negative symptoms which are less readily observed include, withdrawal from society the inability to show emotion, feel pain or pleasure, total apathy, and lack of facial expression. A person with negative symptoms might be found staring blankly into the world, no matter what is happening. Schizophrenia can take many forms, the most frequent are the physical forms. They can become catatonic, in which case patients become immobile and seem fixed in one rigid position for long periods of time. Patients may inter a delusional state in which they have hallucinations frequently involving hearing voices, which often scream and shout abusive and derogatory language at the patient or make outrage...   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1074 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Disorganized Schizophrenia Is A Subtype Of A Chronic Disorder

- Disorganized Schizophrenia is a subtype of a chronic disorder. This disorder causes three main symptoms which includes; being disorganized in speech, being disorganized in emotions, and disorganized in behavior. Some other symptoms are inappropriate laughter, hallucinations, and delusions. These very symptoms affect the lives of people with the disorder known as disorganized schizophrenia. People with disorganized schizophrenia are disorganized in their speech, leaving them sounding unsure of their speech, not finishing their sentences, and even talking off topic....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Bipolar disorder]

Strong Essays
936 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Case Study : Caitlyn Smith ( Schizophrenia )

- ... While there is no cure, and the disease is lifelong, there are many different treatments available to patients like Caitlyn. After two months of a treatment plan of Haldol, and Perphenazine, with a course of individual therapy, Caitlyn was well enough to be let out of the ward, so long as she continued taking her medication and attending therapy. First person account (from http://www.treatmentadvocacycenter.org/resources/personal-accounts/consumers/497) This account of schizophrenia from Valerie Fox covers the major points of her life that revolved around schizophrenia, although never delving into her symptoms themselves, simply calling them episodes....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1241 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia Is The Most Common Type Of Delusion

- When thinking of someone with schizophrenia, most people probably envision a person experiencing delusions and/or hallucinations. This may often be the case, but there are several diagnostic criteria to consider when assessing for schizophrenia. First, as many people imagine a schizophrenic person, a person with schizophrenia will experience either delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. They may in fact experience more than one, or all of, these criteria. Delusions are the false belief in something that is contraindicated....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusion]

Strong Essays
867 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

A Beautiful Mind: Case Study of Schizophrenia

- “A Beautiful Mind” movie is based on the case study of real life mathematician John Nash who suffered from schizophrenia. The aspects of schizophrenia affected John Nash in many ways. Ethics is defined in the textbook as, “Are the tools or behaviors that one employs to achieve a desired outcome. Means can be either good or bad. Ends are those outcomes that one desires to achieve”(Polgar &Thomas, 2008). The movies case study, include the sign and symptoms, social effects and treatment of schizophrenia and how it took a toll on his overall career....   [tags: Schizophrenia Case Study]

Strong Essays
1112 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Is Schizophrenia Purely Mental?

- Is Schizophrenia Purely Mental. Everything you hear, touch, smell and feel is processed by your brain. Sensory receptors take in information from the world around you, in order to send the information to your mind (Goldbaum, 2016). Many people obtain frequent hallucinations, which are sensory experiences without any kind of stimulus, meaning the brain is making up information. For people with the illness schizophrenia, it is difficult to determine what is reality and what isn’t. This mental disorder causes hallucinations, delusions, false beliefs, hearing voices, and other abnormal perceptions....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Infectious disease]

Better Essays
1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder, or cluster of disorders, characterised by psychotic symptoms that alter a person’s perception, thoughts, affect and behaviour (NICE, 2009). Tai and Turkington (2009) define Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) as an evidence-based talking therapy that attempts cognitive and behavioural change based on an individualised formulation of a client’s personal history, problems and world views. CBT as a treatment for schizophrenia can be understood within a wider framework of CBT as applied to a range of mental disorders such as anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression (Tai and Turkington, 2009)....   [tags: Schizophrenia Research Paper]

Research Papers
2754 words | (7.9 pages) | Preview

Schizophrenia and Involuntary Treatment in the Case of Malka Magnesia

- 1 Introduction Malka Magnesia, a second year political science student with an A average, suddenly re-pairs to the attic of her parents’ home and refuses to go to school or to work. She explains that she has been ordered by her “superiors” in another galaxy simply to sit and repent. Her distraught family pleads with her to seek medical assistance but she refuses on the grounds that her “superiors” consider her “unworthy”. The family psychiatrist advises that exposure to some of the modern drugs has been known to reduce such schizophrenic symptoms within a period of weeks....   [tags: Schizophrenia Health]

Term Papers
2240 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Schizophrenia"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>