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Criminological Theory and Legal Theory

- Criminological Theory Rational Choice Rational choice is based on the presumption that crime is a personal choice and that people can freely choose to participate in such criminal activity based on the outcomes, whether it be negative or positive. A person may choose to engage in a crime because it may seem rewarding and pleasurable. On the other hand, a person may decide to avoid participating in criminal activity from their fear of being punished. If the risk of getting caught is too high, one may decide not to commit the crime....   [tags: choice, crime, benefits, theory]

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Nursing Theory Vs. Theory

- ... The implementation of health promotion is becoming more imperative to the growing and aging population. Individuals are now receiving health care with government policies attempting to decrease disparity and improve access to practicing nurses who can both educate them on their current conditions and also improve their current health behaviors to prevent the development of other illnesses. Theorist Nola Pender, originally of Michigan, first graduated with a diploma in nursing in 1962 and went on to earn her bachelor, master’s degree and finally a doctor of philosophy in psychology and education (Butts, 2015)....   [tags: Nursing, Nursing theory, Nursing practice, Theory]

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The Theory And Theory Of A Person And A Crime

- There are many theories that can be applied to different cases that have occurs in Americas history. The two theories that are choses for this paper are the trait theory and under the trait theory is psychological which is “abnormal personality and psychological traits are the key to determinant of anti-social behavior. There is a link between mental illness, personality disorders and crime (Siegel, 2014). The second theory is the Choice theory which “criminals weigh the cost and benefits and make a conscious, rational choice to commit crime” (Siegel, 2014)....   [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]

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The Theory And Decision Making Theory

- A theory is a tentative way of explaining something. “It consists of a set of assumptions, concepts, relationships, and logic that are combined to explain a phenomenon of interest (Johnson & Kruse, 2009).” “Theories come from science and research. The purpose of theory/theorizing is to understand and control the world in which we live by describing and explaining it. Education is saturated with theory (Johnson, 2015). Theory can be both normative and descriptive. The normative explains the “ought” while the descriptive explains the “is”....   [tags: Decision theory, Decision making, Cognition]

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The Theory As My Guiding Theory

- ... For the client, he or she must be willing to look at family of origin experiences and how they relate to current thoughts, feeling, and actions. For the counselor, he or she must be interested in the client’s world, understand the motives of the client, and be willing to point them out and encourage the client. I believe the point of change that is the most lasting is the insight that occurs when a client identifies how his or her mistaken beliefs, private logic, and safe guarding behaviors are related to current behavior....   [tags: Alfred Adler, Psychology, Theory, Psychotherapy]

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Critical Theory- A Social Theory

- “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory....   [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]

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Leadership Theory And Contingency Theory

- ... Zaccaro believes it is only when certain traits work together rather than as distinct traits is there a recipe for leadership. That does not guarantee leadership, only predicts its possibility. Leadership traits when isolated from one another do not foresee leadership. Zaccaro continues that multiple traits are necessary but the focus must be on how each of these traits affect one another shape capability. “Leadership processes, in turn, reflect the combined influence of social appraisal, problem-solving skills, and expertise” (Zaccaro 2003 page 123)....   [tags: Leadership, Trait theory, Personality traits]

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The Theory Of Attachment Theory

- Attachment theory: The first theory that will be explored and further critiqued is Attachment theory a basic explanation of this theory is “Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”(McLeod, 2009) The attachment between one person to another does not have to be reciprocal, this is because it is characterized by the specific behaviours in children alone, for example crying when they are hungry or upset when feeling threatened. The theory of attachment originated from the work of John Bowlby a psychoanalyst who “believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood (McLeod, 2007) he suggeste...   [tags: Psychology, Attachment theory, Family, Behavior]

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The Theory Of Piaget Theory

- ... Importantly, they can do this without actually eating a cookie and then counting the remaining cookies in the jar because they are able to model the cookie jar in their minds and operate on the contents of that mental jar so as to arrive at the answer without having to actually do the experiment.These sorts of operations are "concrete" because they are based on actual people, places and things that children have observed in environment. Children 's mental representations remain concretely linked to things they have seen and touched throughout the middle childhood period....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

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Attachment Theory And The Theory Of Attachment

- ... The last attachment style is insecure ambivalent/resistant attachment , this attachment style is a result of inconsistent treatment from the caregiver (Ainsworth, 1989). The child exhibits clingy and dependent behaviour, but rejects the caregiver when engaging in interactions (Ainsworth, 1989). A Insecure resistant child has failed to develop any sense of security to the attachment figure (Ainsworth, 1989). Ainsworth (1989) argue’s that a child’s attachment style is dependent on the behaviour of their main caregiver....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

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The Theory Of Social Bond Theory

- generalizable to the population because the social bonds solely emphasized on typical white families. However, the psychodynamic theory managed to address the weaknesses of the social bond theory because it’s generalizable towards the population to a greater extent. For instance, psychodynamic theory interventions were tested on the African population in Nigeria who were adolescents from the lower class as these psychodynamic interventions were easy to conduct among populations in order to draw inferences (Taiwo & Osinowo, 2011, pp....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Social control theory, Morality]

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Is Intelligent Design Theory A Scientific Theory?

- QUESTION: is Intelligent Design Theory a scientific theory. Does it make testable predictions. Is Darwinism a Scientific Theory. Does it make testable predictions. When analysing science and the concepts and arguments relating to scientific theory, it is important to separate an argument that has its foundations in science and that which sounds scientific but really should be labelled as pseudo-science. The distinction between the two was first analysed by Karl Popper, who viewed scientific theory in terms of testability and falsifiability....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Theory]

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Theory, Control And Differential Association Theory

- Which theory, control or differential association theory, better explains why someone exhibits deviant behavior. This is a difficult question as both theories have merit in explaining the deviant behavior being exhibited by individuals in society. Deviant behavior is difficult at times to explain using one theory. This paper will break down the key components of each theory while applying it to the Becker article in helping explain why someone becomes a marijuana user. To start, control theory has four different aspects that explain the bond to society....   [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Explanation, Theory]

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Socialization Theory And Emotional Security Theory

- The cognitive-contextual framework looks mostly at intrapsychic explanations for the development of negative outcomes in child witnesses. Two theories that turn to interpersonal explanations for these outcomes are attachment theory and emotional security theory, both of which provide solid accounts of maladaptive development in child witnesses of IPV. Attachment theory posits that infants have a biologically based need for connection with their primary caregivers because they are completely helpless and dependent (Karen, 1998)....   [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]

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Expectancy Theory vs Equity Theory

- There is a new automated offender management system that is being put in effect at the state correctional facility. This paper will provide a detailed definition of two motivational theories that will be compared and contrasted with each other that could possible utilized in implementation change at the facility. The motivated theories chosen are the expectancy theory and the equity theory. There has always been an issue to get employees motivated for managers and leaders. If the employees are not motivated they will put a minimal amount of energy into their job if any at all....   [tags: expectancy theory, correctional facilities]

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Cognitive Theory And The Cognitive Development Theory

- Psychology is simply who we are, how we think, and is composed of several different ideas and theories. After studying just a few of these theories this semester, one that strongly stood out to me was the cognitive development theory. The cognitive development theory refers to the steps and procedures in which we as humans have or will overcome to develop ourselves as we grow older. I find this theory so important because it refers strongly to how each and every single person in the human race have developed their own knowledge and how this can result in how an individual can play a role in society based on their experiences....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

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The Validity of Cognitive Dissonance Theory

- Description of Theory The term dissonance refers to when one cognitive element is inconsistent with another cognitive element according to the lecture notes of Professor Soreno. Cognitive elements can be categorized in four groups called beliefs, attitudes, values, and perceptions of behavior. Beliefs can be defined as a perception that something exists or not. This perception can range from a central or peripheral type of belief. The more central a belief is, the harder it is to change that belief....   [tags: communication theory]

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Theory of Alienation: Marx and Nietzsche

- Marx’s theory of alienation is concerned primarily with social interaction and production; he believes that we are able to overcome our alienation through human emancipation. Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them. He believes that production is man’s act on nature and on himself. Man’s relationship with nature is his relationship with his tools, or means of production....   [tags: Theory of Alienation]

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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice

- John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised....   [tags: A Theory of Justice]

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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice

- John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that a rational, mutually disinterested individual in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, is liable to choose as their principles of justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal creation has both strengths and weaknesses, but is ultimately sound....   [tags: A Theory of Justice]

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Evaluating Career Theory and Application

- It is easy to dissect an individual’s life to analyze and critique their choices based on our own opinions and experiences. Is that fair. No. We may see their actions clearly but the reasoning behind these is what the focus should be when it comes to judging one’s behavior or circumstances. Regular judgments are made about a person based on their profession. In our society, it would behoove us to look at the paths that lead to becoming a medical doctor instead of a drug dealer or prostitute. Application of career theories to life allow for analyzing past and future career decisions in all fields....   [tags: Career Theory]

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Leadership Research: The Situational Theory

- ... Once again, we need to emphasize the idea of leadership as an interaction influence system involving a leader, follower, and situational variables. Contingency theory The main emphasis of Fidler’s contingency model of leadership effectiveness is on the interaction between a leader’s style of leadership and the favorableness of the situation for the leader. The leader’s style can be thought of as varying between a highly task-oriented approach and a relationship oriented approach. These styles are not unlike the Ohio State dimensions of initiating structure and consideration....   [tags: contingency theory, path goal theory]

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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning

- Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920’s but it was not until the late 1960’s that his ideas about learning became popular and were used to contribute to “Constructivism” as a method of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive development were significantly influenced by social interactions that occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four major influences on cognitive development. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of language • Role of private speech • The Zone of Proximal Development....   [tags: Educational Theory]

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A substantive grounded theory

- A good formal theory ought to be at least the equivalent ought of a ton of ethnographies and perhaps half a gross of substantive theories (Strauss 1987, p.248). A substantive grounded theory is a tailor-made theory while a formal grounded theory is a ready-made theory (Kearney 1998). Substantive theory may limit its application to other contexts if a constant comparative method of modifying a theory is neglected. Nevertheless, it may have important general implications and relevance to other areas....   [tags: Informative, Theory]

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Comparison of the Social Exchange Theory and the Symbolic Interaction Theory

- The theory I originally chose to critique was the Social Exchange and Rational Choice framework from our class book. I chose this theory because when we talked about it in class it made a lot of sense to me. Its propositions and foundations are very applicable to many situations, and I felt like I had a good grasp of its concepts and structure. However, in doing research for this paper, I discovered that contrary to what our book led me to believe, Social Exchange is a theory entirely separate from Rational Choice theory....   [tags: Sociology, Theory Comparison]

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Functionalism Theory of Education

- There are three main theoretical perspectives (or theories) that represent the views of sociologist and educators, these views are the conflict perspective, symbolic interactions, and functionalism. Although all of these theories are important to education and society, I have chosen to focus my research or theoretical perspective on functionalism also including the effects functionalism and education. The Functionalist perspective is one of the most dominant core perspectives in sociology and is an analysis of social and cultural phenomena in terms of the functions they perform in a social system....   [tags: Educational theory]

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Social Learning Theory, Cognitive Development Theory

- Moral Development defined as how oneself has to treat another. Based off the article provided, Stephanie is having some issues in class, such as cheating. Her teacher has become concerned that these behaviors are caused by uses in the home, her teacher is trying to talk to her mother to figure something out so she ends these behaviors. Although her mother believes that Stephanie herself is the issue and that she is a horrible child and doesn’t listen, she is doing the best she can. There are many different theories in which could be the reasoning for the issues Stephanie is having in her class....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Behavior, Theory]

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Social Work Theory

- Social Workers are very important to everyday life. They are the ones that help people in need when they have nobody else to turn too. Also, they provide resources and better understanding of predicaments that you could be experiencing. I will reflect on how the class has affected me, my own experiences and how some theories have connected to my life experiences, and lastly, if the class helped toward my major. This class is important for someone that wants to become a social worker and wants to learn about the different theories used....   [tags: Attachment Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory]

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The Conflict Theory Of Social Work

- ... This is something that you see very often in today society when it comes to issues of voting, job offers, and the education that is being administered to those in different classes of life. Although this is something that happens very often it is not considered as a theory, however, a perspective. The reason that this is considered a perspective and not a theory is because it reflects a particular point of view. Although this Theory is not yet proven it shows one how others may think of the society that they live in is perceived by that particular community....   [tags: Sociology, Social sciences, Social theory, Theory]

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The Role of Theory in Social Research

- The role of theory in social research is that without a sociological theory, nothing can be sociological. Facts disconnected from theory are just facts. Theory makes the facts speak; the facts don’t and cannot speak for themselves. Without a connection to other facts, we cannot assess anything. With theory, you can relate facts to each other. Theory is the body of interrelated logical concepts or universals that connect to empirical facts and phenomena. Empirical research is okay as long as there is theory involved with it....   [tags: Sociological Theory, Functionalism]

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Linda Hutcheon’s A Theory of Adaptation

- The art of storytelling is not a modern invention, neither is adaptation. In spite of their century-old traditions, they both are relevant and evolving. Reading the same stories over and over again would get boring pretty quickly, but transcoding them to different media such as film or video games gives them new meanings, thus keeps them interesting. Adaptation opens up new dimensions for creators and consumers of adaptations alike. However, when the same story – or an element of the story - is used in various different media, it will inevitably spark debates on which one is superior....   [tags: A Theory of Adaptation]

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The Scientific Method Of Scientific Theory

- The following essay will discuss falsification, as discussed by Karl Popper, as well has his account of the scientific method. The idea whether any scientific theory can truly be falsified will also be approached by looking at the problems presented by Popper’s theory of falsification, and the impact this has on the scientific method and science as a whole. Popper believes that science does not begin with the collection of empirical data, but starts with the formulation of a hypothesis (Veronesi, 2014, p1)....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Theory]

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The Evolution of the Cell Theory

- The Evolution of the Cell Theory Since the beginning of humanity, science has been a developing topic full of mystery and questions. These questions might be as small as why closet doors close easier during the winter compared to the summer, and as big as how the universe was made. There are numerous topics in science such as chemistry, biology, and physics each of which have their own questions to be answered. They each have their own theories which have been developing since they began; but what is a theory....   [tags: theory, cell, hypothesis, studies]

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The Implementation Of The Path Goal Theory

- ... Then, compare (similarities and differences) Path-Goal Theory to Situational Theory of leadership. Be specific. The similarities between both path-goal and situational theories of leadership are both theories enable the followers to receive their source of motivation from their leaders (Basu & Media, 2016). Likewise, provide the leader with flexibilities to get the most out of the followers environment that suggest barriers that require an immediate attention to implement a quick turnover resolution (Basu & Media, 2016; Laureate Education, 2012)....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

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Theory on Why A Crime Occurs

- There are various theories as to why crime occurs. For as long as Crime has come about, there have been repercussions for those actions. Due to the occurrence of Crime, questions have surfaced. Such as; why crime occurs or why individuals commit crimes. The best theory to answer each question would be the Classical Theory of crime. The Classical Theory simply states that any individual who breaks the law does so in free will while understanding the effects. Classical theorists believed "the more swift, and certain the punishment, the more effective it would be." Classical Theorists aided in the influence and shaping of the United States Criminal Justice system....   [tags: rational choice theory]

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Theory of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda

- Theory of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda I feel that Social Dominance Theory best explains the Rwandan Conflict. According to Houghton (2009), within every society there is at least one dominant group and one subordinate group. In the Rwandan Conflict, the Tutsis were seen as the dominant group while the Hutus the subordinate group. Despite the Tutsis being a minority, they held more political power than the Hutus. The Tutsis held most of the power up until the year 1994 when the Hutu president was assassinated....   [tags: social dominance theory]

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The Relationship of Paradigm, Model, and Theory

- Janice A. Thibodeau (1983), described nursing as a practice-oriented profession. Nursing is a “doing” profession and the development of a theoretical base for nursing practice is required. Since nursing has a wide range of parameters, the method must be structured by the use concepts. The ability to understand concepts and apply them in nursing is advanced by using well-defined models in practice. In order to understand models, it is imperative to understand the concept of paradigm, because the development of a model is based on a certain paradigm (Thibodeau)....   [tags: Nursing Theory, Praxis Definition]

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What is The Big Bang Theory?

- What is The Big Bang Theory. The Big Bang theory is an effort to explain what happened at the very beginning of our universe. It states that the earth was created as a result of an explosion of a fireball. Here are some of the weaknesses of the Big Bang Theory below:- Weaknesses of the Big Bang Theory The main disadvantage of the Big Bang theory probably lies in its inability to explain where the original "ball" of energy came from that did the expanding (the "Bang") to form the universe and the space-time that it occupies....   [tags: beginnings, creation, theory, Earth]

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The Theory Of A Conceptual System And Goal Attainment Theory

- ... 262). The first step to King’s theory of Goal Attainment focuses on a nurse providing an assessment to identify appropriate goals for a patient (Holaday, 2014, p. 262). Once the goals have been identified by the nurse then it is important for the nurse and patient to discuss the goals and better understand the patient’s barriers and/or motivations to meet the goals (Holaday, 2014, p. 262). The last step is the nurse assisting and setting up the resources necessary for the patient to ensure the goals they have set can be met (Holaday, 2014, p....   [tags: Nursing, Patient, Nursing theory, Completeness]

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Comparative Analysis Of Labeling Theory And Social Bond Theory

- ... Social Bond theory consists of four elements that help to understand and define the theory. The four elements are: attachment, commitment, involvement, and beliefs. The roots of Social Bond theory can be traced back to General Theory of Crime. The stronger all four elements are, the least likely one will engage in criminal activity, although Hirschi believes that everyone is capable of engaging in criminal activity (Brown, Esbensen, and Geis, 2013). Attachment, which is made of values and norms, and receives the most attention rather than any other element....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Labeling theory]

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Leadership Theory Of A Charismatic Leader

- ... Themes, strengths, and weaknesses Transformational leadership Transformational leadership has been researched immensely and it has been proven to be an effective form of leadership where the leader is building a vision for the organization and people (Kovjanic, Schuh, & Jonas 2013; Northouse, 2013; Yang, 2014). In this leadership model, followers can be more effective in the process with transformational leaders because their involvement is as important as the leaders in reaching goals (Northouse, 2013)....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

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The Achievement Goal Theory ( Agt )

- The Achievement Goal Theory (AGT; Nicholls, 1984) was developed in light of this criticism, to investigate the responses of an athlete to the type of career failure and/or decline that Armstrong experienced, particularly within a sporting context. This theory addresses the social-cognitive elements, which still provide a sound theoretical framework in the modern world of sport (Mallett & Hanrahan, 2004). AGT today is characterised by two types of motivation: Task goals and Ego goals. A task-orientated athlete would rate their competence based on their mastery of a task, and would strive for success through effort....   [tags: Failure, Success, Theory, Sport]

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Learning Theory of Instructional Design

- Learning Theory of Instructional Design The instructions created by teachers and trainers in different educational and training institutes as well as in training programs of different organizations, which include the “instructional experiences which helps in making the learning a better experience by enabling and making the process of acquisition of related and relevant knowledge and skill more efficient, appealing in nature, and effective for the learner; is known as “Instructional Design”. There are various theories under “Instructional Design” such as Learning Theory, Pedagogical Theory, and Instructional Theory....   [tags: learning, theory, elabroation, design]

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Marie Curie and the Atomic Theory

- The Atomic Theory is a theory that explains what matter is made of. The Atomic theory states that matter can’t be divided as it is made up of minute particles called atoms that cannot be separated. The very word atom is derived from the Greek word Atmos which means indivisible. Atomic theory timeline- Year Person/People Event 442 BCE Democritrus and Leucippus These Greek philosophers came up with the idea that all matter is composed of indivisible elements. 1803 John Dalton British chemist and physicist John Dalton theorised that matter is composed of spherical atoms (that are in motion) of different weights and are combined in ratios by weight....   [tags: spontaneous radioactivity,quantum theory]

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Sociological Theory And The Social World

- Theories strive to explain how things work and thus sociological theory tries to describe how the social world functions. According to Calhoun, the social world consists of behaviors, interactions, as well as patterns of social organization amongst humans even though some would contend that the sociology of organized nonhuman animals is also possible (Calhoun 37). The sociological theory focuses more on the interactions and organization than behavior, essentially; however, the interactions are interpersonal behaviors that build patterns of social organization....   [tags: Sociology, Psychology, Theory, Behavior]

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Nursing Theory Of Nursing Practice

- Nursing theory guides nurses and gives them a framework that supports independence and autonomy in nursing. Prior to the advent of nursing theory, nurses were considered to be assistants to the physician. Nursing theory guides nurses to follow their own professional parameters not just those of medicine. Theories define and clarify nursing and the purpose of nursing practice to distinguish it from other caring professions by setting professional boundaries (McEwen & Wills, 2011). Importance of nursing theory The nursing profession bases itself on the numerous theories that guide the practice of nursing....   [tags: Nursing, Nursing theory, Patient]

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Popper 's Theory Vs. Scientific Theory

- Popper claims basic statements are not justified by experience, but accepted by choice or convention. This claim is argued through a rejection of ‘psychologism’ and inductivism. According to Popper, scientific theory can be seen the fog above a swamp full of basic statements; the acceptance of a theory comes from an evaluation of basic statements and the conscious decision to accept or reject the theory. Popper comes to this conclusion after considering the problem of psychologism, distinguishing science from non-science, examining the falsification of theories and their testability, and then comparing perceptual experience and basic statements to illustrate how we come to form and accept sc...   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Science, Falsifiability]

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Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive And Developmental Theory

- Introduction to the Theorist Swiss theorist Jean Piaget is known for his insights into cognitive and developmental theory, later proliferating what is now known as, “genetic epistemology” (Corry 1996). Growing up in Switzerland with his professor father and French mother, Piaget had a profound interest in zoology and the natural world. This resulted in his publishing of various research papers on mollusks by the time he turned fifteen due to sheer curiosity. He sought education in Switzerland at both the University of Neuechatel and later at the University of Zurich (Presnell 2015)....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

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The 's Triangular Theory Of Love

- ... Similarities Cynthia and I have known each other for around eight years because we attended the same church. According to the proximity effect, the geographic nearness of a person is a greatly significant factor in interpersonal attraction. Our families both grew up attending Orangewood Church of the Nazarene and both our families left and ventured to Turning Leaf Church of the Nazarene. Social psychology says with its mere exposure effect that familiarity breeds liking or loving (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2013)....   [tags: Love, Triangular theory of love]

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John Rawls ' Theory Of Justice

- ... The other aspects the veil conceals are made clear by Rawls, “…no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status, nor does anyone know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence, strength, and the like” (11). Any generalized assumption about what a person’s life could be like must be discarded behind the veil. The reason for this, Rawls says, “this ensures that no one is advantaged or disadvantaged in the choice of principles by the outcome of natural chance or the contingency of social circumstance” (11)....   [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]

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The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

- There are many thoughts and theories when it comes to learning styles. The Theory of Multiple Intelligences is one such idea that could potentially assist adult learners if fully understood and accurately utilized. It is important to note that the many theories out there about learning styles and multiple intelligences are just that, theories. That is to say, the very nature of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences cannot be fully tested and therefore cannot be proclaimed as a full proof teaching guide (McGreal, 2013)....   [tags: Theory of multiple intelligences, Intelligence]

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Grounded Theory : Grounded Theories

- Grounded Theory Grounded Theory (GT) is an established research approach used to generate theories, and it has been applied based on empirical data in many fields. However, Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss (1967) start using this approach in sociological theorizing based on qualitative inquiry. Since then, Grounded Theory (GT) approach appears as a powerful (ke, J. and Wenglensky, S., 2010) and widely popular (Birks, M., and Mills, J., 2015; El Hussein, M., Hirst, S., Salyers, V., and Osuji, J., 2014) qualitative research approach for developing theory grounded in qualitative data....   [tags: Qualitative research, Grounded theory]

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Theory Of Practice : Campus Leadership

- ... When an administrator makes a decision they must also be effective in clearing communication the reasoning behind the decision. An administrator must also be an effective communicator. Quality leaders must be able to communicate effectively to its followers. Effective communication is often the signs of a successful team. For example, when watching a successful athletic program Duke’s basketball practice there was a high level of communication among the players and leaders of the team. Teams that communicate are often successful in high stress situations....   [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]

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The Theory of Evolution is Wrong

- “Often a cold shudder has run through me, and I have asked myself whether I may have not devoted myself to a phantasy.” -- Charles Darwin I’m sure everyone in this room has heard that science proves evolution, and that people who believe that God created everything in six days about six thousand years ago have succumbed to a myth. However, when you take the real data and study it using scientific methods, you make a significant discovery - science proves creation. Today, we will explore some of the most mind-blowing aspects of God’s creation that disprove the Theory of Evolution....   [tags: Creationists, Creation Theory]

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The Social Construction Theory ( Sct ) And Policy Feedback Theory

- ... The more dependent people become on the program, the more willing they are to participate to protect their interests. Campbell’s work does not contradict the PFT, but instead shows that policy feedback impacts more than just resource and interpretive effects. The SCT’s feed-forward effects model is also relevant to Campbell’s article. Although the feed-forward in SCT and feedback effects in PFT are identical structurally, it is important to understand that feed-forward effects create and change social constructions of groups, rather than changing the resource and interpretive effects of the groups as explained in the PFT....   [tags: Feedback, Control theory, Social constructionism]

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Grounded Theory ( Gt )

- ... 2) by being deeply ‘immersed’ (Mayers, 2009) within the data. The term, immersion is referred to here as an approach to data analysis through constant comparison, coding, and developing memos (El Hussein, M., Hirst, S., Salyers, V., and Osuji, J., 2014). In the process of data analysis, GT supports ordering of data (Goldkuhl, G. and Cronholm, S., 2010), and ensures traceability between the data and categories (Pries-Heje, 1992), which ultimately contributes to enhance the credibility of the study (Goldkuhl, G....   [tags: Qualitative research, Grounded theory]

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The 's Theory Of Constraints

- ... The TOC is found by this research to be increasingly applied to situations outside of manufacturing, including distribution, marketing, project management, accounting, and practically any business situation involving a change to a constraining system process. The TOC has established evidence in its application to production, manufacturing, and manufacturing scheduling, but it is also establishing evidence for being useful in various industries. The simplest of questions utilizing the TOC are answered by using a model of (1) asking what to change, (2) what to change it to, and (3) how to best cause the change (Theory of Constraints Institute, 2016)....   [tags: Theory of Constraints, Process management]

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Evolution and Intelligent Design Theory

- Evolution and Intelligent Design being taught in public schools is a growing controversy. Both supporters and augmenters have been clashing over different perspectives on wither intelligent design should replace evolution as part of the scientific curriculum. The controversy has lead to multiple court cases and religious dispute. The main issue when it comes to teaching this idea of science in our schools is the idea of conforming to an idea without solid evidence. Students whom are required to learn intelligent design rather than Darwin’s idea of evolution will be directly confronted on their moral and religious beliefs....   [tags: uncientific, religiously bias theory]

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Evaluation Of Social Learning Theory

- Albert Bandura was a pioneer in Social Learning Theory. It includes the concepts of traditional learning theory and the operant conditioning of B. F. Skinner. Bandura believed that behavior is learned from the environment through Observational Learning and mediating processes between stimuli & responses. This paper deliberates an article by Joan E. Grusec She offers an evaluation of Social Learning Theory from a historical perspective by concentrating on Bandura’s research and theory in the 1960s and 1970s....   [tags: Psychology, Social learning theory]

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1349 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Crime Theory and Crime Prevention

- Crime theories appear to descend of two big schools of criminology. The classical school of criminology which is based on the offender as a rational being, aware for his criminal deeds, and the positivist school of criminology regarding sociological prospects influencing individuals’ lives’ and affect them in a positive or negative manner. The point of reference for this essay will be that when it comes for theories of crime, such as rational choice and routine activities theories, will be examined which are prevention strategies derived from such theories, their connection with their theoretical principles and what are able to offer as crime prevention initiatives....   [tags: Social disorganization theory]

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory

- Contents INTRODUCTION 2 MOTIVATION 3 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY 4 INFORMATION OF THE COMPANY 5 APPLE COMPUTERS,INC 5 INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY’S MANAGER 6 STEVE JOBS 6 STEVE JOBS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES 7 CONCLUSION 9 REFERENCES 10   INTRODUCTION In this section ,we will discuss about the topics motivation, motivation theory.Motivation is defined as the interaction between person and the situation.For attaining goal,persons efforts are energized,directed and sustained.And Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory is also used.Individual needs are also known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory.Need theory...   [tags: motivation theory, steve jobs]

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The Theory of Dark Flow

- ... Firstly we shall look upon the formula that shows how acceleration is 'supposed' to occur. Regarding the laws of physics, relative gravity should be able to explain how the galaxies are moving. Relative gravity involves the force of gravitational energy as a universal law. As Alok Jha states, "It encapsulates the idea that all the particles of matter in the universe attract each other through the force of gravity" (Jha, 2013). In other words, gravitational attraction extends to planets attracting each other, not having the ability to move without an outwards force being applied....   [tags: galaxy, pull, directions, theory]

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The Attachment Of Attachment Theory

- Attachment Theory Following the above line of research, Mikulincer and Florian (2000) demonstrated that attachment style influences the way people react to death reminders. For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors. These findings imply that secure persons react to death reminders by relying on their attachment relationships....   [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]

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The 's Theory Of Love

- ... I consider myself to be wooed by romance, but based upon this assessment I scored a 5 which means I am mediocre in the “romance department”. The “Love Style” inventory also helped me learn different aspects of my love style that I had not realized before. For example, I scored 7 points for the ludus (egocentric) portion of the inventory. Ludus love (in my connotative definition) is the “Tom and Jerry” type of love. “Tom and Jerry” is a cartoon show that stars a cat and a mouse. Tom and Jerry have an extreme form of a love/hate relationship where they are always playing with one another, but it is undeniably so that love is present between the two....   [tags: Love, Triangular theory of love]

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The Theory Of Science Education

- There exists in society a feminist agenda, particularly with regards to social structure and politics. A scientific viewpoint has evolved from these same ideals of feminism. This ideology considers the historical hierarchy with males surpassing females, as well as the various natures of scientific research. Feminism in science is pursued due to its increased likelihood of obtaining objective data. The feminist agenda is one that challenges preconceived notions of the inherent features of science....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Theory]

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Frederick Herzberg's Motivator-Hygience Theory

- Frederick Herzberg is renowned for the development of his Motivator-Hygiene theory. His theory stands on the ground that employees need to get satisfied with their job and avoid job dissatisfaction. For this purpose Herzberg recommends focusing on hygiene factors to avoid job dissatisfaction and focus on motivation factors to stimulate job satisfaction. In such a way, employees achieve job satisfaction and positive performance. 2010 Introduction Traditionally, the effectiveness of employees’ performance was one of the primary concerns of managers and theorists who researched issues related to management and who developed management theories....   [tags: Business Theory]

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2286 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

The Theory Of Emotion And The Cannon

- Theories Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Theories It is a well-known fact that different factors affect on human behavior as well as various aspects of people’s life. Among them the emotions detect a powerful force on humans. Strong emotions may cause people to take actions they might not perform as usual, or obviate situations that they generally enjoy. Psychologists, researchers, and philosophers have proposed a set of different theories that explain how and why people experience the emotions....   [tags: Emotion, Psychology, James-Lange theory]

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The Theory Of Iq And Crime

- On September 3, 1929, James “Whitey” Bulger was born into an Irish-American family in Dorchester, Massachusetts (biography.com, 2015). Being the first of six children, Whitey was usually not the center of attention, especially as he got older and his parents continued to have more children. As he and his younger brothers got older, it was clear that Whitey did not have the same intelligence level as the younger boys. When the younger boys started to get straight A’s and more accomplishments in school, Whitey was led to a life of street crime....   [tags: Psychology, Crime, Trait theory, Sociology]

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The Reliability And Usefulness Of A Theory

- ... Given that both these groups were exposed to the smell, and only one of the groups got sick and not both, was enough empirical evidence to prove Snow’s theory, that indeed cholera is a water transmitted disease. However this was not the only way in which he investigated his idea. The other strategy employed by Snow was to remove the handle of the water pump in Broad Street as according to his data, there was a conglomeration of cholera cases in the area surrounding this specific pump (Snow, 1855)....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Theory, Research]

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What is Kanatianism Theory?

- Kantianism is a philosophical theory that was created by a man named Immanuel Kant. According to Immanuel Kant or Kantianism, his theory emphasizes the contemporary positions dealing with the philosophy of the mind, epistemology, and ethics. For example, Kant believes that people should not be treated as an end and never as a means to an end as it’s considered unethical for a person to use other people for their own personal gain simply because – according to Immanuel Kant – people possess value....   [tags: Philosophical Theory, Immanuel Kant]

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Theory Of Emotion And The Cannon

- Theories Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Theories It is a well-known fact that different factors affect on human behavior as well as various aspects of people’s life. Among them the emotions detect a powerful force on humans. Strong emotions may cause people to take actions they might not perform as usual, or obviate situations that they generally enjoy. Psychologists, researchers, and philosophers have proposed a set of different theories that explain how and why people experience the emotions....   [tags: Emotion, Psychology, James-Lange theory]

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The Transformational Theory Of Leadership And Macdonalisation

- Leadership and Macdonalisation are two very fascinating topics when understanding how they help Aravinds hospital case. They help understand how the Aravind hospital was run using multiple leadership styles and how its efficiency was multiplied equalling to this social enterprise to becoming one of the best in its field. This essay will evaluate the use of leadership and Macdonalisation in this social enterprise founded in India that helps millions of civilians suffering with partial loss of sight regain their vision....   [tags: Leadership, Scientific method, Management, Theory]

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The Big Bang Theory

- ... Wilson in California, had shown that the distant galaxies all appeared to be receding from us at speeds proportional to their distances. In 1948, Gamow predicted that the radiation from the big bang nucleosynthesis must still be filling the universe. The universe expanding can branch of to even more theories... maybe even different worlds. If that is true then that mean there could be entirely different worlds with maybe living creatures living there maybe even a difference species of human....   [tags: universe, relativity theory]

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The Aquatic Ape Theory

- ... (Westrup, 2002) These multiple similarities of humans with aquatic organism and the environmental situation of the time, greatly suggest and helps proves that AAT best fits the explanations of the man/ape primate evolutionary split. The Aquatic Ape Theory explains the start of human evolution on the bases of basic evolutionary terms established by Charles Darwin. As explained earlier, the theory states that humans traveled from the wooded area toward water. In doing this, humans adapted to the new aquatic environment, dealing with survival of the fittest and geographic isolation which caused speciation....   [tags: human evolution, savannah theory]

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1338 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Marx's Theory of Alienation

- Marx's theory of alienation has to do with the separation of things that logically belong together. According to Marx, alienation is a universal result of capitalism. Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions. Workers become autonomous, self-realized people, but are lead and diverted into goals and activities set down by those who have power....   [tags: Marx's Theory of Alienation]

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The Theory of Constraints in Project Management

- The theory of constraints (TOC) focuses on using organizational change techniques in order to increase company profits. Goldratt (1984) introduced the theory of constraints in a business novel titled, The Goal. The TOC states that all companies have one constraint that prohibits them from reaching strategic goals or objectives (Aryanezhad, Badri, & Rashidi-Komijan 2010; Gupta, & Boyd, 2011). The TOC was derived from optimized production technology (Fry, Cox, & Blackstone, 1992). In 1990, the basic principles of the theory of constraints were established (Ronen & Starr, 1990)....   [tags: theory in practice, recession, hiring process]

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1850 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Theory Of Scientific Theories

- Are any scientific theories true. If so why. If not why do we rely on them. A scientific theory is an explanation that is well- substantiated explanation in regards to some aspect of the natural world that is attained through scientific method and is tested numerous times and usually confirmed through vigorous observation and experimentation. The term theory can be seen as a collection of laws which allow you to show some kind of phenomenon. The strength of a scientific theory associated with the diversity of phenomena can explain its elegance and simplicity....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Philosophy of science]

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The Humanistic Theory Of Nursing

- The Importance of Theory in Nursing Nursing as a profession continues to evolve through innovation and advancement in technology and clinical practice. No matter the change in practice the fundamental concepts of nursing as a profession are rooted in nursing theory. Theory is the fundamental foundation on which the legitimacy of the nursing profession is built (McCrae, 2012, p. 222). The theory selected for this paper is the Humanistic Nursing Theory. Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad’s humanistic nursing theory applies both humanism and existentialism to nursing theory (Wolf & Bailey, 2013, p....   [tags: Nursing, Nursing theory, Humanism, Nurse]

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The Structural Theory Of International Relations

- There are two sets of theories that provide explanations on how the international system works. The structural theory also known as realism and the institutional theory also know as liberalism are the two major theories of international relations. These two set of concepts help explain the behaviors of major powers. Both of these theories have a first premise and first deduction along with a second premise and second deduction. In order to apply structural and institutional explanations to the behavior of Austria- Hungary, it is necessary to understand each of their core values....   [tags: Decision making, Flipism, Decision theory]

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Understanding The Desire Satisfaction Theory

- ... The Desire Satisfaction Theory is the best theory of philosophy because it allows one to live the best life with the most happiness. Happiness is maximized in this theory because life can be experienced in this theory. The only limit to what a person can do, is that they must be a desire and a goal they want in life. It keeps us from embarking on useless journeys, instead we are focuses on our desires and on living a fruitful life. Happiness is the goal of everyone’s life, and in the Desire Satisfaction Theory a person is given the perfect outlook to live a happy life satisfying their greatest desires....   [tags: Happiness, Personal life, Theory, Ethics]

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1653 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

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